Lena King Lee

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Lena King Lee
Lena King Lee.jpg
Member of the Maryland House of Delegates
from the 4th district
In office
1967–1982
Succeeded by Elijah E. Cummings
Personal details
Born Lena S. King
(1906-07-14)July 14, 1906
Sumter County, Alabama, U.S.
Died August 24, 2006(2006-08-24) (aged 100)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Robert Lee
Education B.S., Morgan State University
M.A., New York University
LL.B., University of Maryland School of Law
Occupation Educator, Attorney

Lena King Lee (1906–2006) was an educator and attorney who entered politics at the age of 60 and became one of the first African-American women elected to the Maryland General Assembly. Lee advocated for teachers' rights, women's rights, and affordable housing, and founded the Legislative Black Caucus of Maryland in 1970. She was inducted into the Maryland Women's Hall of Fame in 1989.

Early life and education

She was born Lena King in Sumter County, Alabama, in 1906, one of three children of Samuel Sylvester King and Lula Gully King.[1] Her father was a coal miner and a miners' activist who at times worked as a chauffeur and a butler to make ends meet. Lena attended public schools in Alabama, Illinois, and Pennsylvania, as her father moved around in search of mining jobs. After high school, she received a scholarship to Cheyney University of Pennsylvania, where she trained as a teacher. In 1927 she moved to Annapolis, Maryland, to take her first teaching job. Four years later she moved to Baltimore, where she taught sixth grade in the Baltimore public schools.[2] Early in her teaching career she joined the American Federation of Teachers and fought for teachers' rights.[3]

After earning a B.S. degree from Morgan State University in 1939, Lee was barred from pursuing graduate studies at the University of Maryland due to racial segregation. Maryland instead paid for African Americans to attend school out of state. Lee commuted by train to New York on weekends, and received her M.A. degree from New York University in 1947. Decades later she recalled in an interview, "By the time you got to New York, you were worn out, and of course we couldn't ride the Pullmans. This great country actually tolerated that." In 1952 she became the third black woman to receive a law degree from the University of Maryland School of Law.[2] She was admitted to the Maryland Bar in 1953.[4]

Career

While pursuing her degrees, Lee continued to teach in the Baltimore public schools. She served as principal of Henry H. Garnett Elementary School from 1947 to 1964, remaining there even after earning her law degree and being admitted to the bar. As a lawyer she worked mostly on domestic cases.[2] In the 1950s Mayor Thomas D'Alesandro Jr. appointed her to the Baltimore Housing and Urban Renewal Commission, where she fought for affordable housing for the city's black community. Later she served on the Maryland Advisory Council for Higher Education as an appointee of Governor J. Millard Tawes.[5]

In 1966 she was drafted to run for state delegate. She ran on a progressive platform and was elected that November. Lee represented Baltimore's 4th legislative district (now the 44th) from 1967 to 1982.[5] During her 16 years in the Maryland House of Delegates, she became known for attacking what she considered "bad bills." She saved the historic Orchard Street Church from demolition, helped get Morgan State University accredited,[2] and advocated for the rights of teachers, women, and children. She founded the Maryland Legislative Black Caucus in 1970.[5] In a 1996 interview in the Crisis she recalled, "There was a need to huddle together. There's still a need and we don't realize it. We think we've made it. I often wonder where we're going."[6]

In 1971 she famously proposed a "Marriage-Contractual Renewal Bill," which would have allowed Maryland residents to annul or renew their marriages every three years. The bill received national attention, and Lee made appearances on the Merv Griffin Show and the Today Show. Although the bill did not pass, Lee's efforts contributed to Maryland's eventual adoption of no-fault divorce.[5]

Personal life

In 1937 she married Robert Lee, a Baltimore businessman.[6] Her husband died circa 1965.[2]

After leaving public office, Lee was active in many civic and cultural organizations, including the Monumental City Bar Association, the Maryland League of Women's Clubs, the DuBois Circle, the Sharp Street Memorial United Methodist Church, the Herbert M. Frisby Historical Society, and the Madison Park Improvement Association.[5] She died on August 24, 2006, at her home in Baltimore.[2]

Awards and honors

Lee received a Presidential Citation from the National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education in 1988. She was inducted into the Maryland Women's Hall of Fame in 1989.[3] In 1995 she received the Distinguished Jurist Award from the National Bar Association and was inducted into the National Bar Association Hall of Fame.[1] She is featured in 2000 Women of Achievement, Bicentennial Issue of Who's Who in America, Who's Who of Women, Black Americans, International Biography, and Women of Achievement in Maryland History.[4]

In December 2005, the House of Representatives voted to name the post office at 1826 Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C., in Lee's honor. The legislation was sponsored by Representative Elijah Cummings, who credited Lee with getting him started in politics.[2] Lee attended the dedication ceremony in June 2006.[6]

Her papers are stored in the Thurgood Marshall Law Library at the University of Maryland School of Law.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b Clark, Eric L. (February 1996). "Attorney Lena S. King Honored for Life's Work". The Crisis. 103 (2): 32–33.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Pioneering Md. Delegate, Educator Lena Lee, 100". The Washington Post. August 28, 2006. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Lena King Lee". Maryland Women's Hall of Fame. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Lena K. Lee (1906-2006)". Archives of Maryland. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "The Lena Lee Collection". Thurgood Marshall Law Library. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  6. ^ a b c "'She stood very tall': Educator was one of first black women in General Assembly: Lena K. Lee 1906-2006". The Baltimore Sun. August 26, 2006.

External links

  • Lena K. Lee 1966 campaign poster
  • Photos of Lena K. Lee at GettyImages.com
  • Photos of Lena K. Lee in the Archives of Maryland
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