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Leila de Lima

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In this Philippine name, the middle name or maternal family name is Magistrado and the surname or paternal family name is de Lima.
The Honorable
Leila de Lima
Leila de Lima (cropped).jpg
Senator of the Philippines
Assumed office
June 30, 2016
Chair of the Philippine Senate
Electoral Reforms and
People's Participation Committee
Assumed office
July 25, 2016
Preceded by Aquilino Pimentel III
Chair of the Philippine Senate
Justice and Human Rights Committee
In office
July 25, 2016 – September 19, 2016
Preceded by Aquilino Pimentel III
Succeeded by Richard J. Gordon
Secretary of Justice
In office
June 30, 2010 – October 12, 2015
President Benigno Aquino III
Preceded by Alberto Agra (acting)
Succeeded by Alfredo Caguioa (acting)
Chairperson of the Philippine Commission on Human Rights
In office
May 2008 – June 30, 2010
President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Preceded by Purificacion Quisumbing
Succeeded by Etta Rosales
Personal details
Born Leila Norma Eulalia Josefa Magistrado de Lima
(1959-08-27) August 27, 1959 (age 57)
Iriga, Camarines Sur, Philippines
Political party Liberal Party (2015–present)
Alma mater De La Salle University
San Beda College
Profession Lawyer
Signature

Leila Norma Eulalia Josefa Magistrado de Lima (born August 27, 1959) is a Filipino lawyer, human rights activist and politician. She was appointed by president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo as Chairperson of the Philippine Commission on Human Rights in May 2008 and she served in the commission until June 30, 2010, when she was appointed by President Benigno S. Aquino III as the Philippines' Secretary of the Department of Justice. She resigned as justice secretary on October 12, 2015, to focus on her candidacy for a seat in the Senate of the Philippines in what was then an oncoming 2016 Philippine general election. She won one of the twelve contested seats and currently serves as a Philippine senator in the Philippines' 17th Congress.

Early life

She is the eldest daughter of the former Philippine COMELEC Commissioner Vicente de Lima and Norma Magistrado.[1][2] She was born and raised in Iriga of the province of Camarines Sur, Philippines.[2] De Lima's aunt, Julie de Lima, married Communist Party of the Philippines founder Jose Maria Sison, making him Leila de Lima's uncle by marriage. [3]

De Lima completed her basic education at the La Consolacion Academy (now La Consolacion College), where she graduated as class Valedictorian. She graduated in 1980 from the De La Salle University with an AB History degree. She finished her Bachelor of Laws (Salutatorian) degree at the San Beda College of Law in 1985.[2]

Legal career

De Lima began her legal career as legal staff to Supreme Court associate justice Isagani Cruz from 1986 to 1989.[2] She joined the Jardeleza Sobreviñas Diaz Hayudini and Bodegon Law Offices in 1989 where she served as a junior associate.[2] She worked in the same position at the Jardeleza Law Offices from 1991 to 1993.[2]

De Lima joined the Philippine government in 1993 as a clerk and secretary of the House of Representatives Electoral Tribunal.[2] She resigned in 1995 to return to private practice.[2] She then joined Roco, Buñag, Kapunan and Migallos law firm as its Junior Partner.[2]

In 1998 she set up her own firm, The De Lima Law Firm, and served as counsel in various election cases, most notable of which was the electoral protest of Aquilino "Koko" Pimentel III in the 2007 Senate election over the 12th seat occupied by Miguel Zubiri.[2] She was also a professor of law at the San Beda College of Law during her private practice.[2]

Political career

De Lima served as a legal counsel to the campaign of Alan Peter Cayetano during his campaign in the Philippine Senate election, 2007.[2] Under President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Leila de Lima was appointed Chairperson of the Philippine Commission on Human Rights.[2] When Benigno Aquino III took over, de Lima was tapped as Secretary of the Department of Justice under the President-elect's new Cabinet.[2]

Justice secretary

On July 2, 2010, de Lima took over the helm of the Philippine Department of Justice.[2] On August 27, 2015, Justice Secretary de Lima assisted Isaias Samson, an expelled Minister of Iglesia ni Cristo, in filing a case against the sect. Members protested at the DOJ office the next day while others occupied EDSA in Mandaluyong a few days later to urge de Lima to resign, and give focus to the Mamasapano clash where 2 members of the INC were killed.[4]

Senate

De Lima of the Liberal Party condemned the Philippine Drug War and urged the Philippine Congress to investigate.[5] She called for an end of vigilante killings of drug suspects. On her privilege speech at Senate on August 2, she noted that "we cannot wage the war against drugs with blood..."[6] De Lima laments the indifference of the new government to extrajudicial killings and warns that more innocent people will suffer if the killings fail to stop.[7]

On August 17, 2016, the Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte alleged that de Lima had been having an affair with her driver, Ronnie Dayan, who Duterte also alleged functioned as De Lima’s collector for drug protection money when she was the Justice secretary.[8][9] Duterte also alleged that De Lima’s driver had been using drugs.[10] Duterte later announced that he had in his possession wiretaps and ATM records which confirmed his allegations. He explained that he had received them from an unnamed foreign country.[11] In September 2016, de Lima was removed from her position chairing a Senate Justice and Human Rights committee investigating extrajudicial killings.[12] De Lima, later, admitted her relationship with Dayan.[13]

Arrest

In December 2016, de Lima received praise from international human rights advocates and journalists for her criticism of Duterte's Drug War despite political repression against her.[14][15] On February 17, 2017, a local court pressed drug-related charges against de Lima.[16] On February 23, a Muntinlupa Regional Trial Court issued an arrest warrant against de Lima for allegedly violating the drug trafficking law.[17][18] De Lima turned herself in the following morning.[19]

On March 16, 2017, the European Parliament condemned the wave of murders in the Philippines (so called extrajudicial killings, EJKs) and called for De Lima's release. It expressed serious concerns that the offences Senator De Lima has been charged with are almost entirely fabricated. Amnesty International regards Senator De Lima as a prisoner of conscience;.[20][21]

See also

References

  1. ^ "De Lima, Leila Norma Eulalia Josefa, Magistrado" (PDF). Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved September 4, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "The Fighter: How Leila de Lima Ended Up Leading the Opposition to Rodrigo Duterte's Drug War". Time (magazine). December 14, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016. 
  3. ^ Joma Sison uncle "De Lima: So what if I'm Joma's kin?" Check |url= value (help). ABS-CBN News. July 30, 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2016. 
  4. ^ Gamil, Jaymee; Yee, Jovic; Quismundo, Tarra (29 August 2015). "Iglesia Ni Cristo protesters occupy Edsa". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  5. ^ "Duterte crime war 'out of control': Philippine critics". Retrieved July 9, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Stop the killings–Leila". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 3 August 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016. 
  7. ^ "De Lima: Stop the killings now". ABS-CBN News. 2 August 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016. 
  8. ^ "De Lima called 'mother of all drug lords'". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 30 November 2016. 
  9. ^ "De Lima, 7 others charged with drug trafficking". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 30 November 2016. 
  10. ^ "Duterte tells De Lima: I have witnesses against you". Inquirer Mindanao. Philippine Daily Inquirer. August 18, 2016. Retrieved August 22, 2016. 
  11. ^ "'Love affair led to corruption'" (August 21, 2016). The Manila Times. Retrieved August 22, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Senate ousts De Lima as justice committee chairperson". Rappler. September 19, 2016. 
  13. ^ "De Lima admits past relationship with Ronnie Dayan". GMA News. November 14, 2016. 
  14. ^ "The Challengers: Leila de Lima". Foreign Policy. December 12, 2016. 
  15. ^ "Leila de Lima: The woman who dares to defy Philippine president". BBC News. December 28, 2016. 
  16. ^ "Philippines: Duterte critic Leila de Lima faces drugs charges". BBC News. February 17, 2017. 
  17. ^ Reformina, Ina (February 23, 2017). "De Lima ordered arrested by RTC". ABS-CBNnews.com. Retrieved February 23, 2017. 
  18. ^ "Leila de Lima, Critic of Duterte, Is Ordered Held by Court". The New York Times. February 23, 2017. Retrieved February 23, 2017. 
  19. ^ "Sen. Leila De Lima arrested over drug charges". CNN Philippines. February 24, 2017. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  20. ^ http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=MOTION&reference=P8-RC-2017-0193&format=XML&language=EN JOINT MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION by the European Parliament
  21. ^ http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2017/03/16/1681957/european-parliament-condemns-ejks-calls-de-lima-release European Parliament condemns EJKs and calls for de Lima release
Senate of the Philippines
Preceded by
Aquilino Pimentel III
Chair of the Philippine Senate Electoral Reforms and
People's Participation Committee

2016–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Aquilino Pimentel III
Chair of the Philippine Senate
Justice and Human Rights Committee

2016
Succeeded by
Richard J. Gordon
Political offices
Preceded by
Alberto Agra
Secretary of Justice
2010 – 2015
Succeeded by
Alfredo Benjamin Caguioa
Preceded by
Purificacion Quisumbing
Chairperson of the Philippine Commission on Human Rights
2008 – 2010
Succeeded by
Etta Rosales
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