Leicester Square tube station

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Leicester Square London Underground
LeicesterSquareTubeStation.jpg
Leicester Square is located in Central London
Leicester Square
Leicester Square
Location of Leicester Square in Central London
Location Theatreland and Chinatown
Local authority City of Westminster
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 4
Fare zone 1
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013 Increase 38.60 million[1]
2014 Increase 43.31 million[1]
2015 Increase 43.75 million[1]
2016 Decrease 37.84 million[1]
2017 Decrease 36.73 million[1]
Railway companies
Original company Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway
Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway
Key dates
15 December 1906 GNP&B station opened
22 June 1907 CCE&H station opened
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
  • TfL station info page
WGS84 51°30′41″N 0°07′41″W / 51.51139°N 0.12806°W / 51.51139; -0.12806Coordinates: 51°30′41″N 0°07′41″W / 51.51139°N 0.12806°W / 51.51139; -0.12806
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

Leicester Square is a London Underground station in Theatreland and Chinatown, in the West End of London. It is located on Charing Cross Road, a short distance to the east of Leicester Square itself.

The station is on the Northern line, between Charing Cross and Tottenham Court Road, and the Piccadilly line, between Piccadilly Circus and Covent Garden. It is in Travelcard Zone 1.

History

On early Tube plans, the station was listed as Cranbourn Street, but the present name was used when the station was first opened by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway on 15 December 1906.[2]

Like other stations on the original sections of the Piccadilly and Northern lines, the station was originally constructed with lifts providing access to the platforms. The increase in passenger numbers in the 1920s as the Northern line was extended north (to Edgware) and south (to Morden) and the expected further increase from the 1930s extensions of the Piccadilly line led to the reconstruction of the station below ground in the early 1930s. New station entrances were constructed to a new sub-surface ticket hall. As with the similar sub-surface ticket hall previously built at Piccadilly Circus this was excavated partially under the roadway. From there banks of escalators were provided down to both sets of platforms. The redundant lifts were removed but the lift shaft remains in use as a ventilation shaft hidden behind a small door on the first landing of the Cranbourn street entrance stairs. The redeveloped station opened in 1935.[3]

The escalators down to the Piccadilly line were the longest on the entire Underground network, being 54 m (177 ft) in length, until the rebuilding and reopening of Angel in 1992, which overtook Leicester Square with its 60 m (197 ft) escalators.[4]

Offices above the red terracotta station building on the east side of Charing Cross Road were once occupied by the Northern line management staff but now have a variety of functions in addition to the Northern line management, with Piccadilly line management and other support functions including a training centre on the first floor. The building, known as Transad House, was in its early years, occupied by the publishers of the Wisden Cricketers' Almanack and an image of cricket stumps appears above a door way.

On all four platforms, film sprockets are painted down the entire length and on the top and bottom of the display area (blue on the Piccadilly line platforms, and black on the Northern line platforms), due to the four premiere cinemas in Leicester Square.

The station is featured briefly during the introductory video sequence of the 2009 film Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince.

Connections

London Buses routes 14, 19, 24, 29, 38 and 176 and night routes N5, N20, N29, N38, N47 and N279 serve the station.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018. 
  2. ^ Follenfant, H. G. (1975). Reconstructing London's underground. London Transport Executive. p. 45. 
  3. ^ "Underground Journeys: Leicester Square". Royal Institute of British Architects. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. 
  4. ^ "Underground Journeys: Escalators". Royal Institute of British Architects. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. 

External links

  • "Photographic Archive". London Transport Museum. Archived from the original on 2008-03-18. 
    • Leicester Square station before building above was constructed, 1907
    • Leicester Square station, 1925
    • Original ticket hall in 1927
    • New entrance on the south side of Cranbourne Street, 1935
    • New sub-surface ticket hall after opening in 1935
    • New entrance on the corner of Little Newport Street (now disused), 1955
  • "Underground Journeys, Charles Holden's work for London Underground". Royal Institute of British Architects. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. 
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Piccadilly line
towards Cockfosters
Northern line
Charing Cross Branch
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