Lee County, Virginia

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Lee County, Virginia
County
Lee County
Lee County Courthouse, Virginia.jpg
Lee County Courthouse in Jonesville
Map of Virginia highlighting Lee County
Location in the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded October 25, 1792
Named for Light Horse Harry Lee
Seat Jonesville
Largest town Pennington Gap
Area
 • Total 437 sq mi (1,132 km2)
 • Land 436 sq mi (1,129 km2)
 • Water 1.9 sq mi (5 km2), 0.4%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 24,742
 • Density 57/sq mi (22/km2)
Congressional district 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.leecova.org

Lee County is the westernmost county in the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2015 census estimate, the population was 24,742.[1] Its county seat is Jonesville.[2]

History

The first Europeans to enter what is present-day Lee County were a party of Spanish explorers, Juan de Villalobos and Francisco de Silvera, sent by Hernando de Soto in 1540, in search of gold.[3]

The county was formed in 1793 from Russell County. It was named for Light Horse Harry Lee,[4] the Governor of Virginia from 1791 to 1794, who was famous for his exploits as a leader of light cavalry during the American Revolutionary War. He was also the father of the Confederate General Robert E. Lee.

Lee County was the final front on the Kentucky Trace, now known as the Wilderness Road and The Trail of the Lonesome Pine. During the 1780s and 1790s, fortified buildings called "stations" were built along the trail for shelter from Indian raids as the settlers followed Daniel Boone's footsteps into Kentucky. The stations in Lee County were Yoakum Station at present-day Dryden, west to Powell River and Station Creek at today's Rocky Station, then to Mump's Fort at Jonesville, followed by Prist Station, Chadwell Station at Chadwell Gap, Martin's Station at Rose Hill, Owen Station at Ewing, and finally Gibson Station, which still bears its original name.

One of the largest early landowners was Revolutionary War officer and explorer Joseph Martin, after whom Martin's Station and Martin's Creek at Rose Hill are named. Due to his rank of command, Martin had been awarded some 25,000 acres (100 km2), which he later divided up and sold. Rose Hill, in 1832, was the first federally recognized post office in the county of Lee.

In 1814, parts of Lee County, Russell County, and Washington County were combined to form Scott County. In 1856, parts of Lee County, Russell County, and Scott County were combined to form Wise County.

Economy

The economy of Lee County is dependent largely on growing tobacco and mining coal. The decline of both has left a large unemployment in the county.

Using the slogan Where Virginia Begins, it has attempted to increase its tourism industry by emphasizing its role in the route used by settlers going west through the Cumberland Gap, at Lee County's western tip.

Lee County shares Cumberland Gap National Historical Park with Kentucky and Tennessee. Attractions listed in the park include Hensley's Settlement, the Pinnacle Overlook, the Sand Cave, and the White Rocks overlooking the towns of Ewing and Rose Hill.

Geography

Lee County landscape near Pennington Gap
Mountains near Rose Hill

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 437 square miles (1,130 km2), of which 436 square miles (1,130 km2) is land and 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2) (0.4%) is water.[5]

Lee County is physically closer to eight state capitals other than its own capital in Richmond: Raleigh, North Carolina; Columbia, South Carolina; Atlanta, Georgia; Nashville, Tennessee; Charleston, West Virginia; Frankfort, Kentucky; Columbus, Ohio, and Indianapolis, Indiana. Additionally, Cumberland Gap in the far western part of Lee County is closer to Montgomery, Alabama, a ninth state capital.

Districts

The county is divided into seven districts: Jonesville, Rocky Station, Rocky Station Mineral, Rose Hill, White Shoals, Yoakum, St. Charles, Pennington Gap, Keokee, Robbins Chapel and Yoakum Mineral.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 3,538
1810 4,694 32.7%
1820 4,256 −9.3%
1830 6,461 51.8%
1840 8,441 30.6%
1850 10,267 21.6%
1860 11,032 7.5%
1870 13,268 20.3%
1880 15,116 13.9%
1890 18,216 20.5%
1900 19,856 9.0%
1910 23,840 20.1%
1920 25,293 6.1%
1930 30,419 20.3%
1940 39,296 29.2%
1950 36,106 −8.1%
1960 25,824 −28.5%
1970 20,321 −21.3%
1980 25,956 27.7%
1990 24,496 −5.6%
2000 23,589 −3.7%
2010 25,587 8.5%
Est. 2016 24,179 [6] −5.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2015[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 25,587 people residing in the county. 94.2% were White, 3.7% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.6% of some other race and 0.9% of two or more races. 1.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

According to the census[11] 2009 estimates, there were 25001 people, 11,587 households, and 6,852 families residing in the county. The population density was 54 people per square mile (21/km²). There were 11,587 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.3% White, 2.9% Black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% from other races, 0.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The largest ancestry groups in Lee County include:English (14 percent), Irish (11 percent), German (9 percent), and Scots-Irish (3 percent).[12]

There were 9,706 households out of which 29.0 percent had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.0 percent were married couples living together, 11.7 percent had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4 percent were non-families. 27.0 percent of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1 percent had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.8 percent under the age of 18, 8.0 percent from 18 to 24, 27.5 percent from 25 to 44, 26.3 percent from 45 to 64, and 15.4 percent who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,889, and the median income for a family was $40,721. The per capita income for the county was $16,317. About 20.3 percent of families and 22.7 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.1 percent of those under age 18 and 23.3 percent of those age 65 or over.[13]

Politics

Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 80.3% 7,543 17.3% 1,627 2.4% 229
2012 71.3% 6,847 26.9% 2,583 1.8% 168
2008 63.1% 5,825 34.9% 3,219 2.0% 183
2004 58.0% 5,664 41.0% 4,005 1.0% 101
2000 52.0% 4,551 46.1% 4,031 1.9% 166
1996 37.5% 3,225 51.7% 4,444 10.9% 935
1992 35.8% 3,504 53.2% 5,215 11.0% 1,077
1988 45.1% 4,080 54.2% 4,906 0.7% 59
1984 50.8% 5,365 48.2% 5,085 1.0% 104
1980 47.1% 4,417 50.7% 4,758 2.2% 202
1976 45.5% 4,679 52.7% 5,415 1.9% 190
1972 62.4% 4,957 35.6% 2,825 2.1% 163
1968 47.4% 4,450 43.7% 4,105 9.0% 844
1964 40.2% 3,463 59.7% 5,151 0.1% 12
1960 46.3% 3,363 53.2% 3,867 0.5% 35
1956 54.8% 4,548 44.7% 3,714 0.5% 42
1952 52.0% 4,622 47.7% 4,242 0.3% 27
1948 50.8% 4,297 48.1% 4,069 1.2% 100
1944 46.7% 3,921 53.2% 4,470 0.1% 8
1940 38.5% 2,623 61.4% 4,180 0.1% 6
1936 33.3% 2,066 66.5% 4,120 0.2% 13
1932 40.4% 1,985 58.8% 2,892 0.8% 38
1928 58.3% 3,337 41.7% 2,383
1924 49.7% 2,456 48.0% 2,376 2.3% 114
1920 57.5% 2,162 42.3% 1,592 0.2% 7
1916 54.7% 1,569 44.9% 1,287 0.5% 13
1912 30.2% 699 44.1% 1,023 25.7% 596

Like much of southwestern Virginia, Lee County used to lean Democratic. Since 2000, however, it has started trending towards the Republican Party. It is now solidly Republican.

Education

Public high schools

Public middle schools

  • Pennington Middle School, Pennington Gap
  • Jonesville Middle School, Jonesville

Public elementary schools

  • Dryden Elementary School, Dryden
  • Elk Knob Elementary School, Woodway
  • Elydale Elementary School, Elydale
  • Flatwoods Elementary School, Flatwoods
  • Rose Hill Elementary School, Rose Hill
  • St. Charles Elementary School, St. Charles

Pennington Elementary School, consisting of three buildings built at various times (1912, 1917 and 1937), was demolished in 1989. A bank was constructed on its Morgan Avenue site. Three other elementary schools, Ewing, Keokee and Stickleyville, were closed in June 2012.[15]

Technical schools

  • Lee County Vo/Career Tech, Ben Hur

Communities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Berrier Jr., Ralph (September 20, 2009). "The slaughter at Saltville". The Roanoke Times. Archived from the original on September 11, 2012. Retrieved October 9, 2011. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 184. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ Lee County, VA - Lee County, Virginia - Ancestry & family history - ePodunk
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  15. ^ Lee County Public Schools Archived 2008-03-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ https://www.nsa.gov/about/cryptologic-heritage/historical-figures-publications/hall-of-honor/1999/frowlett.shtml

External links

  • Lee County Chamber of Commerce
  • Lee County, Virginia
  • Lee County Tourism

Coordinates: 36°43′N 83°08′W / 36.71°N 83.13°W / 36.71; -83.13

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