Leather star

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Leather star
Dermasterias imbricata close up.jpg
Dermasterias imbricata.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Asteroidea
Order: Valvatida
Family: Asteropseidae
Genus: Dermasterias
Species: D. imbricata
Binomial name
Dermasterias imbricata [1]
Grube, 1857
Synonyms
  • Asteropsis imbricata Grube, 1857
  • Dermasterias inermis Perrier, 1875 [1]

The leather star, Dermasterias imbricata, is a starfish in the family Asteropseidae found at depths to 100 m off the western seaboard of North America.

Description

The leather star has a broad central disc and five plump, short arms which taper broadly from the central disc. The arms have two rows of tube feet and no bordering marginal plates. The upper surface is smooth and velvety, covered with a reticulated pattern in reddish-brown, often with patches of greyish-blue. No pedicellariae are present, but the madreporite can be seen. This starfish can grow to about 25 cm in diameter and has a distinctive smell that resembles garlic and sulphur.[2][3]

Leather star fish.jpg

Distribution

The range of the leather star includes the western seaboard of North America from central Alaska to northern Mexico. It lives in the littoral zone and at depths of about 100 m.[2]

Biology

The leather star feeds on algae and a range of invertebrates, including other asteroids, bryozoans, sea urchins, sponges, sea cucumbers, hydroids, sea pens, and colonial tunicates.[2] It is in turn preyed on by the morning sun star (Solaster dawsoni). In its attempts to evade this voracious predator, it crawls away at a maximum speed of 15 cm/min, but this is too slow, and leather stars make up 50% of the diet of morning sun stars.[4]

Off the Washington coast, spawning is from April to August. The females release yellow eggs which are fertilized in the water column. The larvae then become part of the zooplankton.[3]

The leather star sometimes lives symbiotically with the scaleworm Arctonoe vittata. The worm also associates with various other marine invertebrates, but if separated from its host, will search out another member of the same species. The worm may nip off the heads of small tube-dwelling polychaetes as the starfish moves around, but is not harmed by its host.[5]

The parasitic barnacle genus Dendrogaster is sometimes an endoparasite of the leather star.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b World Register of Marine Species
  2. ^ a b c Marine Biodiversity of British Columbia
  3. ^ a b c Zipcode Zoo
  4. ^ "Leather star: Dermasterias imbricata". Sea stars of the Pacific Northwest. 2011. Retrieved 2012-09-22. 
  5. ^ Arctonoe vittata

External links

  • Media related to Dermasterias imbricata at Wikimedia Commons
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