Least pipistrelle

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Least pipistrelle
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Vespertilionidae
Genus: Pipistrellus
Subgenus: Pipistrellus
Species: P. tenuis
Binomial name
Pipistrellus tenuis
(Temminck, 1840)[2]

The least pipistrelle (Pipistrellus tenuis) is a species of vesper bat.

Distribution

The bat is native to South Asia, Southeast Asia, Maritime Southeast Asia, Malesia, and southwestern Oceania. It has been recorded from sea level to 769 metres (2,523 ft) in elevation.

Countries and islands it can be found in include: Laos, southeastern China and Hainan island, the Philippines, Borneo, Indonesia, East Timor, Malaysia, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.

Description

Head and body length is 6–7 cm. Forearm is 3 cm. Wingspan is 18–24 cm. Weight 6-8g.

Females are larger than males. Dark brown to black above, and lighter below. Wing membrane, face, and ears are black. Wing membrane has no pale margins as that of Indian pipistrell. Muzzle short and broad. Nostrils small, rounded, and placed between facial swellings. Small ears with prominent tragus and antitragus. Fur is dense, short, silky, and covers entire body.

Culture

Known as හීන් කොස්-ඇට වවුලා (heen kos eata wawulaa) in Sinhala.

Subspecies

Subspecies include:[3]

  • Pipistrellus tenuis tenuis
  • Pipistrellus tenuis mimus
  • Pipistrellus tenuis murrayi
  • Pipistrellus tenuis nitidus
  • Pipistrellus tenuis ponceleti
  • Pipistrellus tenuis portensis
  • Pipistrellus tenuis sewelanus
  • Pipistrellus tenuis subulidens

References

  1. ^ Chiroptera Specialist Group (1996). Pipistrellus tenuis. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Archived 2014-06-27 at the Wayback Machine. Downloaded on 19 July 2007.
  2. ^ Temminck C. J. (1840) Monogr. Mamm., 2: 229.
  3. ^ Don E. Wilson & DeeAnn M. Reeder (editors). (2005). "Pipistrellus (Pipistrellus) tenuis". Mammal Species of the World. 3rd ed., Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp. accessed 11 Amarch 2009.

Further reading

  • John O. Whitaker J. O. Jr., Suthakar Issac S., Marimuthu G. & Kunz (1999). "Seasonal Variation in the Diet of the Indian Pygmy Bat, Pipistrellus mimus, in Southern India". Journal of Mammalogy 80(1): 60-70. JSTOR


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