Leaders of the Central Powers of World War I

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The three emperors: Kaiser Wilhelm II, Mehmed V, Franz Joseph.
A postcard depicting the leaders of the Central Powers.

The leaders of the Central Powers of World War I were the political or military figures who commanded or supported the Central Powers during World War I.

Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary

German Empire German Empire

Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire

Kingdom of Bulgaria Bulgaria (1915-1918)

Co-Belligerents

Sultanate of Darfur

Dervish State

South African Republic South African Republic (1914-1915)

Client States

Jabal Shammar

Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (1918)

See also

References

  • Hart, Peter (2013). The Great War. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199976270. 
  1. ^ Hart 2013, p. 9
  2. ^ a b Hart 2013, p. 299
  3. ^ "Leopold, count von Berchtold". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  4. ^ "István, Count Tisza". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  5. ^ Jewison, Glenn; Steiner, Jörg C. "Erzherzog Friedrich". Austro-Hungarian Land Forces 1848-1918. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  6. ^ Hart 2013, p. 15
  7. ^ Jewison, Glenn; Steiner, Jörg C. "Svetozar Boroević von Bojna". Austro-Hungarian Land Forces 1848-1918. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  8. ^ Duffy, Michael (22 August 2009). "Who's Who - Anton Haus". First World War.com. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  9. ^ Duffy, Michael (22 August 2009). "Who's Who - Maximilian Njegovan". First World War.com. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  10. ^ "Miklós Horthy". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  11. ^ Hart 2013, p. 2
  12. ^ Hart 2013, p. 26
  13. ^ Hart 2013, p. 308
  14. ^ Hart 2013, p. 14
  15. ^ Hart 2013, p. 67
  16. ^ a b Hart 2013, p. 231
  17. ^ Hart 2013, p. 95
  18. ^ Hart 2013, p. 250
  19. ^ Hart 2013, p. 248
  20. ^ Hart 2013, p. 85
  21. ^ Hart 2013, p. 167
  22. ^ Hart 2013, p. 170
  23. ^ Ashby, Timothy (23 July 2012). "The German General Who Told Hitler to Go Screw Himself". Retrieved 29 January 2015. 
  24. ^ Royde-Smith, John Graham (11 January 2015). "World War I". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 29 January 2015. 
  25. ^ Hart 2013, p. 374
  26. ^ Hart 2013, p. 168
  27. ^ "Said Halim Paşa". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  28. ^ "Enver Paşa". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 3 September 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  29. ^ Hindley, Meredith (14 April 1997). "Review of: Dadrian, Vahakn N.: German Responsibility in the Armenian Genocide. A Review of the Historical Evidence of German Complicity. Watertown 1996". H-Soz-u-Kult. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  30. ^ Manoukian, Jennifer (16 April 2014). "An Encounter with Djemal Pasha". The Armenian Weekly. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  31. ^ Hart 2013, p. 171
  32. ^ "Fevzi Çakmak". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 23 September 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  33. ^ "Ferdinand". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  34. ^ "Bulgaria". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 20 November 2013. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  35. ^ Duffy, Michael (22 September 2009). "Who's Who - Nikola Zhekov". First World War.com. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  36. ^ Glubb, John Bagot (1 April 2014). "Ibn Sa'ud". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
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