Le Creusot

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Le Creusot
Commune
Steel factory
Steel factory
Coat of arms of Le Creusot
Coat of arms
Le Creusot is located in France
Le Creusot
Le Creusot
Coordinates: 46°48′05″N 4°26′28″E / 46.8014°N 4.4411°E / 46.8014; 4.4411Coordinates: 46°48′05″N 4°26′28″E / 46.8014°N 4.4411°E / 46.8014; 4.4411
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Department Saône-et-Loire
Arrondissement Autun
Canton Le Creusot-1 and 2
Intercommunality CU Creusot Montceau
Government
 • Mayor (2016–2020) David Marti
Area1 18.11 km2 (6.99 sq mi)
Population (2013)2 22,308
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 71153 /71200
Elevation 316–516 m (1,037–1,693 ft)
(avg. 347 m or 1,138 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Le Creusot (pronounced [lə kʁøzo]) is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne in eastern France.

The inhabitants are known as Creusotins. Formerly a mining town, its economy is now dominated by metallurgical companies such as ArcelorMittal, Schneider Electric, and Alstom.

Since the 1990s, the town has been developing its tourism credentials. Its main attraction is the Parc des Combes. The Creusot steam hammer is exposed as a tourist attraction in a square at the entrance to the town from the south.

Le Creusot is also the second educational centre of the Bourgogne (after Dijon), with its IUT and the Condorcet university centre.

History

In 1836, iron ore mines and forges around Le Creusot were bought by Adolphe Schneider and his brother Eugène Schneider. They developed a business in steel, railways, armaments, and shipbuilding. The Schneider empire developed much of the town itself, until it was much reduced in the second half of the twentieth century. It eventually became known as Schneider Electric. The special alloys for the TGV trains were manufactured in Le Creusot.

Transport

About 5 km (3.11 mi) south-east of town centre is the Gare du Creusot TGV, a train station on the LGV Sud-Est line, which links the area to Paris, Lyon and beyond with high-speed rail.

Sights

Le pilon
  • Château de la Verrerie – Originally the Cristallerie royale of Queen Marie-Antoinette

Personalities

International relations

Twin towns — sister cities

Le Creusot is twinned with:

See also

References

  • INSEE

External links

  • Official website (in French)


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