Laxmangarh

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Laxmangarh
Lachhmangarh, Lichhamgarh
Town
Nickname(s): lakshmangarh
Laxmangarh is located in Rajasthan
Laxmangarh
Laxmangarh
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 27°49′21″N 75°01′31″E / 27.8225°N 75.025278°E / 27.8225; 75.025278Coordinates: 27°49′21″N 75°01′31″E / 27.8225°N 75.025278°E / 27.8225; 75.025278
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Sikar
Founded by Maharaja Lachhman Singh
Elevation 424.24 m (1,391.86 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 81,253
Languages
 • Official Shekhawati
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 332311
Telephone code 91-1573
Vehicle registration RJ-23

Laxmangarh is a town in Sikar district of Rajasthan state in India. It is the sub-divisional headquarters of the Laxmangarh sub-division in Sikar district. It is also the Tehsil headquarters of the Laxmangarh Tehsil. Laxmangarh is also Panchayat samiti headquarters of the Laxmangarh Panchayat samiti in the district. It is situated on National Highway-52 at a distance of 24 km from Sikar in north.

History

Maharaja Lachhman Singh of Shekhawati constructed the Lachhmangarh Fort in 1710 AD, and around it he established the present Lachhmangarh town, which was founded in 1712 AD.[1]

Maharaja Lachhman Singh of Shekhawati princely state planned it nearly 300 years ago under the Shekhawati region of erstwhile. The reigning kingdom of jaipur had many thikanas and was one of them. The Thakurs of these Thikana were called Maharajkumars and Mahendra Singh, son of HH Maharao Shri Sir Madho Singh Ji Bahadur was the first Maharajkumar of Lachhmangarh and that happened to be the Maharajkumars of Lachhmangarh.

Most recently, Lachhmangarh has been of public curiosity due to its place in modern literature. The fictional character Balram Halwai from the bestselling novel The White Tiger by Aravind Adiga came from a village by the same name, but it isn't the same village, because the book is actually set in the Gaya District in the vicinity of Bodh Gaya in the state of Bihar.

Maharajkumars

The Thikana of Lachhmangarh was granted by HH Maharao Shri Sir Madho Singh Ji Bahadur of Shekhawati in 1936 to his son, Mahendra Singh.

Maharajkumars were:

1. Maharajkumar Mahendra Singh (1936-1967)

2. Maharajkumar Rai Sen Singh (1967-1991)

3. Shri Sahib Rampratap Singh (1991–Present)

Sahib Vaijyant Singh

Geography

Laxmangarh is located at 27°49′21″N 75°01′31″E / 27.8225°N 75.025278°E / 27.8225; 75.025278.[2] It has an average elevation of 222 metres (728 ft). The Laxmangarh Fort is the best monument of the town.

The nearing area of the Laxmangarh town are also very rich in heritage. The PEER Baba ki Samadhi located in the revenue village of Alkhpura Bogan near Hapas is also a 300-year-old monument. The monument is a place of worship for both the Hindus and Muslims of the area. The great fair is organised every year on the sixth of Bhadarpad (Hindi Month). Large number of people participate in the fair.

The area is arid ridden and the main source of their income is agriculture. The agriculture is based on the monsoon rains. The average rainfall in the area is also very less. Certain farmers are now constructing tubewells in the area for irrigation purposes. The aerial view of the surrounding area is magnificent that can be enjoyed from the roof top of the Samadhi Building, the eastern side is more splendid. The greenery view of Choudhary ParsaRam Dhaka's Farm House located at 400 metres is eye catching.

The large workforce is also migrated to Gulf countries as labour and earning their livelihood. Certain people of the area are also engaged in the Hawala business. The Hawala operators and the money pumped in by these gulf earners through these operators, impair the fair assessment of the income of the people.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census Laxmangarh had a population of 81253. Males constitute 51.26% ( 41098) of the population and females 48.74%(40155). Laxmangarh has an average literacy rate of 72.70%, which is lower than the national average of 74.04%; male literacy is 83.74%, and female literacy is 61.24%. In Laxmangarh, 13.85%(7394) of the population is younger than 6 years old.

The depleting sex ratio in the area is a cause of great concern. The area around Laxmangarh is Jat(Choudhary) dominated demography of the area has wide differences and the male, female ratio below 15 years is 1000:650-725.

The varying sex ratio in the area compelled the expecting grooms to arrange brides from the areas of Assam, Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra. There is also a wide gap in the education level between the male and female population in the area: females, for example, shine in competitions and at academic examinations.

Water

Groundwater is the only drinkable water in the region; even when the level of the water table dips very low the people still find ways to obtain it. The TDS level of the local groundwater is 1000 PPM to 3500 PPM, which is quite high; consequently, most educated people use some sort of water purification method, for example reverse osmosis or ultraviolet.

Laxmangarh Fort

Laxmangarh Fort

The most imposing building in this town is its small fortress (owned by the Jhunjhunwala family) which looms over the well laid out township on its west side. Laxman Singh, the Raja of Sikar, built the fort in the early 19th century after Kan Singh Saledhi besieged the prosperous town. The fort of Laxmangarh is one of the most unique pieces of fort architecture in the world, because the structure is built on top of scattered pieces of huge rocks.

The Laxmangarh Fort is private property - owned by a local businessman and is closed to the public. You can, however, climb the ramp to a temple which is open to the public, and the view from the ramp can be quite fascinating too. Of course, seeing the town from this height tempts you to go further higher, but a guard effectively keeps the public out.

References

  1. ^ "Lachhmangarh". sikar.nic.in. 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Laxmangarh[permanent dead link]

External links

  • Sikar district
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