Latvian Naval Forces

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Latvian Naval Forces
Latvian Naval Forces emblem.svg
Emblem of the Latvian Naval Forces
Active 10 August 1991 - 17 June 1940; 1991 - present
Country  Latvia
Allegiance Raimonds Vējonis
Type Navy
Role Naval warfare
Part of Latvian National Armed Forces
Headquarters Liepāja
Motto(s) "Mūs vieno Latvijas svētais vārds!'" (English: "Holy name of Latvia unites us!"), (official)
Engagements War of Independence
Commander in Chief flotiles admirālis Ingus Vizulis
Naval Ensign Naval Ensign of Latvia.svg
Naval Jack Naval Jack of Latvia.svg

Latvian Naval Forces (Latvian: Latvijas Jūras Spēki) is the naval warfare branch of the National Armed Forces. It is tasked with conducting military, search and rescue operations, mine and explosive sweeping on the Baltic Sea, as well as ecological monitoring activities. The Naval Forces have participated in international NATO/Partnership for Peace operations and various exercises with great success. The main development priorities of the Naval Forces are to expand their activities within the Baltic States’ Ship Squadron BALTRON and to develop a Sea Surveillance System. They pay a great deal of attention to professionally specialized training and English-language teaching.


When Latvia regained its independence in 1991, it began recreating the Latvian Naval Forces under the command of Admiral (then Captain) Gaidis Zeibots. In 1994 the Naval Forces were composed of the Southern Region (in Liepāja), the Central Region (in Riga), the Coastal Defense Battalion (in Ventspils) and the Training Center (in Liepāja). The most important naval event of these early days of the re-established Latvian Republic occurred on April 11, 1991 when the Latvian flag was hoisted on the re-established Navy's first ship "SAMS". This date is now recognized as the rebirth of the Latvian Naval Forces.

In 1999 the Baltic Naval Squadron (BALTRON) was created with ships from the Lithuanian, Latvian and Estonian Navies. Latvian Navy Captain Ilmars Lesinskis, then the Commander of the Southern District, was appointed to serve as the first commander of this multi-national force.

On July 1, 1999 Latvian Naval Forces were reorganized. The present structure was established on the basis of previous regional units – the War Ships Flotilla (HQ is in Liepāja), the Coast Guard Ships Flotilla in Riga (subunits are in Liepāja and Ventspils), the Coastal Defense Battalion in Ventspils (subunits are along the coast of the Baltic Sea and Riga Bay), the Training Center in Liepāja, the Logistic Base in Liepāja (subunits are in Riga and Ventspils).

On July 1, 2004 Latvian Naval Forces were reorganized again and since that time they consist of the Naval Forces Headquarters, Naval Forces Flotilla HQ with subunits and the Coast Guard Service. The new structure organizes personnel training and specialization better than before, as well as shares greater responsibility between commanders.

As part of the program to equip the Naval Forces with modern assets, the first of a new generation of nationally made patrol vessels, made with German assistance, was launched in 2011.


The Naval Force provides defense of the national territorial waters, carries out explosive ordnance disposal activities at sea and harbors, co-ordinates and carries out human search and rescue operations at sea within the national responsibility area. Warships of the Republic of Latvia have repeatedly made visits to foreign countries and have supported the visits of foreign warships and naval representatives in Latvia.

The warships of the Latvian Naval Forces Southern Region have participated in numerous international exercises (U.S. BALTOPS, COOPERATIVE JAGUAR, AMBER SEA, OPEN SPIRIT, etc.). These exercises have been conducted to NATO standards, which Latvian ships have successfully met.

The main tasks of Naval Forces are to:

  • Ensure the defense of the territorial sea and internal waters of the State (except rivers and lakes);
  • Perform a guarding of the coast and control the territorial sea and internal waters, as well as the exclusive economic zone;
  • Ensure the readiness of units for mobilization and combat;
  • Participate in ecological surveillance and search and rescue operations at sea, as well as take part in elimination of consequences of emergencies occurring at sea;
  • Search for explosives at sea and destroy them;
  • Secure for the State Border Guard according to the procedures specified by the Cabinet, with the technical means and vessels for the performance of their functions at sea.

Structure of Naval Forces

  • Naval Force Flotilla
    • Naval Force Flotilla Headquarters
    • Naval Squadron
    • Patrol Boat Squadron
      • A-90 Varonis
      • P-05 Skrunda
      • P-06 Cēsis
      • P-07 Viesīte
      • P-08 Jelgava
      • P-09 Rēzekne
    • Coast Guard
      • KA-01 Kristaps
      • KA-06 Gaisma
      • KA-07 Ausma
      • KA-08 Saule
      • KA-09 Klints
      • KA-14 Astra
    • Marine Observation and Communication Service
    • Baltic Mine Equipment Workshop

Ships in the Naval Forces


Name Picture Origin Class Type Built Entered service (LNF) Notes
Staff and support (Auxiliary)
A-53 Virsaitis  Norway Vidar-class minelayer Minelayer 1978 2003
A-90 Varonis Varonis.JPG  Netherlands Buyskes class Hydrographic survey vessel 1973 2004
Mine Warfare
M-04 Imanta Naval visit, Belfast (3) - - 667223.jpg  Netherlands Tripartite Minehunter 1984 2007
M-05 Viesturs  Netherlands Tripartite Minehunter 1984 2007
M-06 Tālivaldis Tālivaldis 5975.JPG  Netherlands Tripartite Minehunter 1984 2008
M-07 Visvaldis  Netherlands Tripartite Minehunter 1984 2008
M-08 Rūsiņš  Netherlands Tripartite Minehunter 1984 2011
P-05 Skrunda Patrulkugi.jpg  Germany Skrunda Patrol boat 2011 2011
P-06 Cēsis  Germany Skrunda Patrol boat 2011 2011
P-07 Viesīte Patrulkugi.jpg  Latvia Skrunda Patrol boat 2011 2012
P-08 Jelgava  Latvia Skrunda Patrol boat 2013 2013
P-09 Rēzekne  Latvia Skrunda Patrol boat 2013 2014
Coast guard
KA-01 Kristaps KBV class Latvian coastal patrol boat "Kristaps"  Sweden KBV Coastal patrol boat 1964 1993
KA-06 Gaisma KBV class Latvian coastal patrol boat "Gaisma"  Sweden KBV Coastal patrol boat 1963 1994
KA-07 Ausma KBV class Latvian coastal patrol boat "Ausma"  Sweden KBV Coastal patrol boat 1963 1994
KA-08 Saule  Sweden KBV Coastal patrol boat 1963 1994
KA-09 Klints  Sweden KBV Coastal patrol boat 1963 1994
KA-14 Astra  Finland KBV Coastal patrol boat 1996 2001


Name Picture Origin Class Type Built Entered service (LNF) Left service (LNF) Notes
Staff and support (Auxiliary)
A-18 Pērkons  Poland Goliat Tugboat 1960 1993 2011
Mine Warfare
M-01 Viesturs  GDR Kondor II Minehunter 1971 1994 2008
M-02 Imanta  GDR Kondor II Minehunter 1971 1994 2008
M-03 Namejs  FRG Lindau Minesweeper 1959 1999 2008
P-03 Linga Linga P03a.jpg  Norway Storm Patrol boat 1968 2012
P-04 Bulta  Norway Storm Patrol boat 1967 2011
P-01 Zibens  Norway Storm Patrol boat 1967 2013
P-02 Lode  Norway Storm Patrol boat 1967 2013
Coast guard
KA-02 Spulga  Soviet Union Ribnadzor Coastal patrol boat 1964 1992 2000 Crashed
KA-03 Komēta  Soviet Union Ribnadzor Coastal patrol boat 1964 1992 2007
KA-04 Sams Unknown Unknown Coastal patrol boat 1974 1992 1998

Ranks and ratings

Flag Officers Stabsoffiziere Offiziere
LTV viceadmiralis.jpg LTV kontradmiralis.jpg LTV flotes admiralis.jpg LTV juras kapteinis.jpg LTV komandkapteinis.jpg LTV komandleitnants.jpg LTV kapteinleitnants.jpg LTV virsleitnants navy.jpg LTV leitnants navy.jpg
Rank Vice admiral
Rear Admiral
Rear Admiral (lower half)
flotiles admirālis
Captain Navy
jūras kapteinis
Commander Junior grade
Lieutenant Commander
Lieutenant (junior grade)
Senior ratings Seamen
LTV augstakais bocmanis.jpg LTV galvenais bocmanis.jpg LTV staba bocmanis.jpg LTV bocmanis.jpg LTV serzants navy.jpg LTV kapralis navy.jpg LTV dizmatrozis.jpg LTV matrozis.jpg
Ratings Fleet chief petty officer
augstākais bocmanis
Master chief petty officer
galvenais bocmanis
Senior chief petty officer
štāba bocmanis
Chief petty officer
Petty officer
Master seaman
Leading seaman


  • Latvian Ministry of Defense site
  • Latvian Naval Forces Site
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