Lasbela District

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Lasbela District
District
Map of Balochistan with Lasbela District highlighted
Map of Balochistan with Lasbela District highlighted
Coordinates: 20°13′38″N 66°18′22″E / 20.22722°N 66.30611°E / 20.22722; 66.30611
Country Pakistan
Province Balochistan
Established June 1954[1]
Headquarters Uthal
Government
 • Deputy Commissioner Mujeeb-ur-Rehman
 • Commissioner Muhammad Hashim Ghilzai
Area
 • Total 12,574 km2 (4,855 sq mi)
Population (2017)[2]
 • Total 574,292
 • Density 46/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of Tehsils 5
Website www.lasbeladistrictgovt.com

Lasbela (Urdu and Balochi: لسبیلہ‎‎) is a coastal district of Balochistan province of Pakistan. It became a separate district in Kalat Division on 30 June 1954. Uthal is the district headquarters. The district is divided into Five Tehsil and 22 union councils.

Administration

The district of Lasbela is administratively divided in five tehsils and 22 Union Councils. [3]

History

Cities of Alexander in India.

Alexander the Great passed through Lasbela on his way back to Babylon after conquering Northwestern India. In 711 CE, the Arab general, Muhammad bin Qasim passed through Lasbela on his way to Sindh.

The area now covered by the district was formerly the Las Bela state of the British Indian Empire, with internal autonomy from British India. From August 1947 to March 1948 it was fully independent under Ghulam Qadir Khan, then after he acceded to Pakistan it was one of the princely states of Pakistan. Once it was governed by Koreja Jams and uptill now Jam family is ruling this state.From 3 October 1952 to 14 October 1955, it state was a member of the Baluchistan States Union but retaining internal autonomy. That came to an end in 1955, when Las Bela was incorporated into the new West Pakistan province.Las Bela (princely state) (redirect from List of Jam rulers of Lasbela) Minister of Balochistan province.Prince Jam Kamal Khan state minister of Pakistan(SSG) Jam of Lasbela Lasbela District Kharan Baluchistan (Chief Commissioner's)

Geography

The main river is the Porali with its tributaries, the Winder and Wirhab rivers. Other rivers are the Phor and Hingol which rise in Awaran District before flowing through Lasbela on their way to the Arabian Sea.[4]

Demographics

The population according to the 1998 census was 313,000,[5] 37% of which resided in urban areas.[6] The overal literacy rate was 22.3% with a large disparity between males (32.2%) and females (10.5%).[7] The population was estimated to be over 124,0000 in 2014.[citation needed]

According to the 1998 census, 98.33% of the overall population were Muslim, while 1.37% were Hindu and 0.14% – Christian.[6] The major languages are Balochi (65%) and Sindhi (24%).[8] The main ethnic groups are the Balochis and the Lasis, the latter of which speak the Lasi dialect of Sindhi.

Education

The Lasbela University of Agriculture, Water and Marine Science is located in Uthal.

Economy

In the south east oil refinery has been constructed in 2014, oil refinery capable of processing 120,000 barrels of oil. Furthermore a power station is located adjacent to refinery, that produces about 1350 MW of power.[9] Several Cement plant is also located there.[10] Marble factory is also located.[11][12] Also one of the world largest ship breaking yard is located in Lesbella coast [13]

Sites of interest

Shrines

  • Pir Gulam Shah Jilani
  • Shrine of Shah Bilawal
  • Lahut-i-Lamakan
  • Kumb Shrine
  • Shireen and Farhad
  • Sassi and Punnu
  • Pir Fida Hussain
  • Pir Moosiani
  • Pir Mohiuddin
  • Mai Gondrani

Historical buildings and archaeological sites

At Bela:

  • Shah Jamai Mosque
  • Tomb of General Muhammad ibn Haroon
  • Tomb of Colonel Robert Sandeman
  • Karia Pir
  • Sassi Waro-Chodo (Sassi's Spring), near Paboni Naka, about 68 km from Karachi.[14]
  • Bakkar Buthi, a small Harappan site located in the remote mountainous area to the east of the Las Bela plain.[15]
  • Shehr-e-Roghan
  • (Tomb of Sirtaj Baba)Haji Murad Gotth Shahidi winder

References

  1. ^ History of Lasbela – Las Bela District Government
  2. ^ "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ 1998 Census report, p. 2.
  5. ^ 1998 Census report, p. 21.
  6. ^ a b 1998 Census report, p. 24.
  7. ^ 1998 Census report, p. 31.
  8. ^ 1998 Census report, p. 26.
  9. ^ [2]
  10. ^ [3]
  11. ^ [4]
  12. ^ [5]
  13. ^ [6]
  14. ^ Archaeological sites and historical monuments – Lasbela Government
  15. ^ Bakkar Buthi- Lasbela Government

Bibliography

  • 1998 District census report of Lasbela. Census publication. 57. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1999. 

Educational Inistitute

External links

  • Lasbela District at www.balochistan.gov.pk
  • Lasbela District at www.balochistanpolice.gov.pk

Coordinates: 25°45′N 66°35′E / 25.750°N 66.583°E / 25.750; 66.583

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