Landerneau

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Landerneau
Landerne
Commune
Houses with a slate facade, on the Rohan Bridge
Houses with a slate facade, on the Rohan Bridge
Coat of arms of Landerneau
Coat of arms
Landerneau is located in France
Landerneau
Landerneau
Location within Brittany region
Landerneau is located in Brittany
Landerneau
Landerneau
Coordinates: 48°27′06″N 4°14′53″W / 48.4517°N 4.2481°W / 48.4517; -4.2481Coordinates: 48°27′06″N 4°14′53″W / 48.4517°N 4.2481°W / 48.4517; -4.2481
Country France
Region Brittany
Department Finistère
Arrondissement Brest
Canton Landerneau
Intercommunality Pays de Landerneau-Daoulas
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Patrick Leclerc
Area1 13.19 km2 (5.09 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 14,999
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code 29103 /29800
Elevation 1–175 m (3.3–574.1 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Landerneau (Landerne in Breton) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in north-western France.

It lies at the mouth of the Elorn River which divides the Breton provinces of Cornouaille and Léon, 20 km (12 mi) east of Brest. The name means "(religious) enclosure of St Ténénan (Welsh: Tyrnog)": allegedly a Welshman who also had llans in the Vale of Clwyd in North Wales and in Somerset, and who moved to Brittany in the 7th century. It was an important centre of the flax and linen industries in the 16th and 17th centuries. Today it is the main agricultural market in northwest Brittany.

A picturesque feature of the town centre is the sixteenth-century house-lined bridge (the Pont de Rohan) across the Elorn.

International relations

Landerneau is twinned with the towns of Caernarfon in Gwynedd in Wales and Hünfeld in Germany.

Music festival

Each year in August a music festival called "Fête du bruit dans Landerneau" takes place in Landerneau. "Fête du bruit dans Landerneau" means "festival of noise in Landerneau". When spoken it sounds identical to "faites du bruit dans Landerneau" which means "make some noise in Landerneau". This is a play on words based on the homophones "fête" and "faites".

Population

Inhabitants of Landerneau are called in French Landernéens. At the census of 1999, the town had a population of about 15,000.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 4,012 —    
1800 3,669 −8.5%
1806 3,896 +6.2%
1821 4,317 +10.8%
1831 4,933 +14.3%
1836 4,963 +0.6%
1841 4,906 −1.1%
1846 4,934 +0.6%
1851 5,113 +3.6%
1856 6,518 +27.5%
1861 6,959 +6.8%
1866 7,853 +12.8%
1872 7,717 −1.7%
1876 8,195 +6.2%
1881 9,078 +10.8%
1886 8,927 −1.7%
1891 8,497 −4.8%
1896 8,038 −5.4%
1901 7,080 −11.9%
1906 7,737 +9.3%
1911 8,252 +6.7%
1921 7,735 −6.3%
1926 7,424 −4.0%
1931 8,004 +7.8%
1936 8,855 +10.6%
1946 10,975 +23.9%
1954 10,950 −0.2%
1962 11,834 +8.1%
1968 12,781 +8.0%
1975 14,541 +13.8%
1982 14,482 −0.4%
1990 14,269 −1.5%
1999 14,274 +0.0%
2008 14,998 +5.1%

Breton language

Landerneau has many bilingual signs (French and Breton), and is the first town where the indications in the local station were made bilingual, as a result of the Ya d'ar brezhoneg charter of the Ofis ar Brezhoneg.[1]

The municipality launched a linguistic plan through Ya d'ar brezhoneg on December 12, 2004. In 2008, 12.46% of primary-school children attended bilingual schools.[2]

Schools

There is a Diwan preschool and primary school in the town.

Transport

See also

References

  • INSEE
  1. ^ (in French) Signalisation bilingue dans les gares : Landerneau, ouvre le bal (Bilingual signalisation in stations: Landerneau is the first one
  2. ^ (in French) Ofis ar Brezhoneg: Enseignement bilingue

External links

  • (in French) Official website
  • (in French) French Ministry of Culture list for Landerneau
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