North West Lanarkshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 55°49′41″N 4°03′36″W / 55.828°N 4.060°W / 55.828; -4.060

North West Lanarkshire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of Scotland county of Lanark
18851918
Number of members One
Replaced by Glasgow Shettleston, Glasgow Springburn and North Lanarkshire

North West Lanarkshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (Westminster) from 1885 to 1918. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post voting system.

Boundaries

The name relates the constituency to the county of Lanark. The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 provided that the North-West division was to consist of "so much of the Parish of Barony as lies beyond the present boundary of the municipal burgh of Glasgow and to the east of the main line of railway before mentioned (main line of railway between Glasgow and Edinburgh of the North British Railway Company (being the old Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway), and the parishes of Cadder and Old Monkland".[1]

Members of Parliament

Election Member[2] Party
1885 John Baird Conservative
1886 Robert Cunninghame-Graham Liberal
1892 Graeme Alexander Lockhart Whitelaw Conservative
1895 John Goundry Holburn Liberal
1899 b-e Charles Mackinnon Douglas Liberal
1906 William Mitchell-Thompson Conservative
Jan. 1910 William Pringle Liberal
1918 constituency abolished

Elections

Elections in the 1880s

General Election 1885: North West Lanarkshire [3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Baird 4,545 56.9 N/A
Lib-Lab Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham 3,442 43.1 N/A
Majority 1,103 13.8 N/A
Turnout 7,987 85.2 N/A
Registered electors 9,373
Conservative win (new seat)
Cunninghame Graham
General Election 1886: North West Lanarkshire [3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Lib-Lab Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham 4,030 52.1 +9.0
Conservative John Baird 3,698 47.9 −9.0
Majority 332 4.2 N/A
Turnout 7,728 82.4 −2.8
Registered electors 9,373
Lib-Lab gain from Conservative Swing +9.0

Elections in the 1890s

General Election 1892: North West Lanarkshire [5][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Graeme Alexander Whitelaw 4,770 50.4 +2.5
Liberal James C.R. Reade 4,689 49.6 −2.5
Majority 81 0.8 N/A
Turnout 9,459 82.9 +0.5
Registered electors 11,408
Conservative gain from Lib-Lab Swing +2.5
General Election 1895: North West Lanarkshire [6][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Goundry Holburn 5,244 50.5 +0.9
Conservative Graeme Alexander Whitelaw 5,147 49.5 −0.9
Majority 97 1.0 N/A
Turnout 10,391 84.0 +1.1
Registered electors 12,371
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +0.9

Holburn's death caused a by-election.

By-election 21 Feb 1899: North West Lanarkshire [6][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Mackinnon Douglas 5,723 51.6 +1.1
Conservative Graeme Alexander Whitelaw 5,364 48.4 −1.1
Majority 359 3.2 +2.2
Turnout 11,087 83.1 −0.9
Registered electors 13,337
Liberal hold Swing +1.1

Elections in the 1900s

General Election 1900: North West Lanarkshire [6][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Mackinnon Douglas 5,505 51.4 +0.9
Conservative Lewis Edmunds 5,214 48.6 −0.9
Majority 291 2.8 +1.8
Turnout 10,719 79.0 −5.0
Registered electors 13,568
Liberal hold Swing +0.9
General Election 1906: North West Lanarkshire [7][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Mitchell-Thomson 5,588 40.5 −8.1
Liberal Charles Mackinnon Douglas 4,913 35.6 −15.8
Scottish Workers Joseph Sullivan 3,291 23.9 N/A
Majority 675 4.9 N/A
Turnout 13,792 82.0 +3.0
Registered electors 16,814
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +3.9

Elections in the 1910s

William Pringle
General Election Jan 1910: North West Lanarkshire [8][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Mather Rutherford Pringle 8,422 47.7 +12.1
Conservative William Mitchell-Thomson 7,528 42.6 +2.1
Labour Robert Small 1,718 9.7 −14.2
Majority 894 5.1 N/A
Turnout 17,668 87.1 +5.1
Registered electors 20,274
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +5.0
General Election Dec 1910: North West Lanarkshire [8][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Mather Rutherford Pringle 9,315 52.3 +4.6
Liberal Unionist Arthur Stanley Pringle 8,486 47.7 +5.1
Majority 829 4.6 −0.5
Turnout 17,801 83.2 −3.9
Registered electors 21,398
Liberal hold Swing −0.3

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

References

  1. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885, Seventh Schedule, Part II
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 1)
  3. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1889
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984. 
  5. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  6. ^ a b c Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  7. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  8. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1916
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