Lalgarh, Jhargram

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Lalgarh is located in West Bengal
Location in West Bengal, India
Lalgarh is located in India
Lalgarh (India)
Coordinates: 22°35′N 87°03′E / 22.58°N 87.05°E / 22.58; 87.05Coordinates: 22°35′N 87°03′E / 22.58°N 87.05°E / 22.58; 87.05
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Jhargram
 • Body Gram panchayat
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB
Lalgarh adivasi women

Lalgarh is a village, with a police station, in Binpur–I community development block under the Jhargram subdivision of Jhargram district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Lalgarh is the headquarters of Binpur–I CD block. Midnapore Railway station is the nearest important station about 45 km from the village.

Lalgrah came under media attention at the beginning of November 2008. The guerrilla Communist Party of India (Maoist) (proscribed by the Indian state as terrorist),[1] launched a massive fight against police personnel and cadres of the ruling Communist Party of India (Marxist). In June 2009 Indian security forces launched Operation Lalgarh against the Maoists in the village.


As per 2011 Census of India Lalgarh had a total population of 4,433 of which 2,259 (51%) were males and 2,174 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 455. The total number of literates in Lalgarh was 3,209 (72.39% of the population over 6 years).[2]

CD Block HQ

The headquarters of Binpur I CD Block are located at Lalgarh.[3]

Police station

Lalgarh police station has jurisdiction over Binpur I CD Block.[4][5]


The main occupation of the people here is cultivation, sharecropping and selling disposable plates made of leaves. Most people do not own land but work on others fields. The region is dry and there are but a single harvest each year. At other times people work as daily labor, collect and sell leaves and wood from forest etc. Over 75% of the households own land given to them under the Land reforms programme of the Left Front Government between the years 1977 and 2002. But income poverty exists.[6]

Operation Lalgarh

In November 2008, following reports of police brutality, enraged advasi villagers blockaded roads and protested against the police and paramilitary forces in the area.[7] The government maintained the movement was being controlled by Maoist guerrilla agents.[7] The Maoists controlled the village and the surrounding area for eight months until Operation Lalgarh was launched to dislodge them on June 18, 2009.[8]


Lalgarh Government College was established in 2014. It is affiliated to Vidyasagar University. It offers honours courses in Bengali, Santali, English, Sanskrit, history, philosophy, political science and sociology, and general courses in BA and BSc (Bio Science).[9]


  1. ^ Centre Declares CPI(Maoist) a Terrorist Organisation Archived 2011-10-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  3. ^ "District Census Handbook: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Map of Paschim Medinipur with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  5. ^ "District at a Glance". Paschim Medinipur District Police. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  6. ^ "Lalgarh: is it liberated or ruled by fear?". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 2009-06-26.
  7. ^ a b The Telegraph, 13 November 2008,CPI (Maoist) state secretary Kanchan said: “We are with the people of Lalgarh."
  8. ^ Pronob, Mondal (2009-06-19). "Quick work during day, shots ring out at night". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2009-06-19.
  9. ^ "Lalgarh Government College". LGC. Retrieved 5 January 2017.

External links

  • Report on Lalgarh by Praveen Swami
  • An English subtitled documentary on the Lalgarh movement
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