Lakhdar Brahimi Syrian peace plan

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The Lakhdar Brahimi peace plan for Syria refers to the joint UN-Arab League peace mission, headed by Lakhdar Brahimi in order to resolve the Syria Crisis. On 17 August 2012, Brahimi was appointed by the United Nations as the new peace envoy to Syria, replacing Kofi Annan,[1][2] who had previously resigned, following the collapse of his cease fire attempt.

Background

The Kofi Annan peace plan for Syria or the Six-point peace plan for Syria,[3][4] launched in February 2012, is considered the most serious international attempt to resolve the Syrian civil war in the Middle East diplomatically. The peace plan enforced a cease-fire to take place across Syria since 10 April 2012, though in reality the cease-fire was announced by the Syrian government on 14 April.

Following the Houla massacre and the consequent Free Syrian Army (FSA) ultimatum to the Syrian government, the cease-fire practically collapsed towards the end of May 2012, as the FSA began nationwide offensives against the government troops. On 1 June, the Syrian President Bashar al-Assad vowed to crush the anti-government uprising, after the FSA announced that it was resuming “defensive operations.”[5] Following a prolonging discourse of the peace mission, Kofi Annan resigned on 2 August 2012.[6] On 17 August, Lakhdar Brahimi was appointed the new UN-Arab League peace envoy for Syria.

Chronology

Appointment

On 17 August 2012, Brahimi was appointed by the United Nations as the new peace envoy to Syria, replacing Kofi Annan.[1][2] Following initial consultations and meetings of Lakhdar Brahimi with Syrian President Assad, Russian, Chinese, as well as other officials, a cease fire attempt was announced towards late October, in order to respect the Muslim holiday of Eid al-Adha.

Eid al-Adha cease fire attempt

Brahimi appealed on both the Syrian government and the armed opposition to stop the violence during the Islamic festival of Eid al-Adha, which fell that year probably on 26 October 2012, and 3 or 4 days after it. The government and most opposition groups agreed, but fighting soon resumed when the parties accused each other of continued violence.[7]

China visit

On 31 October 2012, Brahimi spoke in Beijing with Chinese foreign minister Yang Jiechi about Syria. Afterwards, Yang said he supported a “political transition” in Syria, and supported Brahimi’s mediation efforts.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Gladstone, Rick (17 August 2012). "Veteran Algerian Statesman to Succeed Annan as Special Syrian Envoy". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 August 2012.
  2. ^ a b "UN: Algeria's Brahimi will replace Annan in Syria – World news". Mail.com.
  3. ^ "Kofi Annan's six-point plan for Syria", Al Jazeera, 27 March 2012.
  4. ^ "Text of Annan's six-point peace plan for Syria", Douglas Hamilton, Reuters, 4 April 2012.
  5. ^ "Deadly violence flares in Syria as EU-Russia seek solutions". English.alarabiya.net. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  6. ^ "Annan quits as Syria peace envoy; says Assad will have to leave sooner or later". English.alarabiya.net. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  7. ^ Politically Speaking (22 August 2013). "Syria, a civil, sectarian and proxy war". The Elders. Archived from the original on 1 September 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  8. ^ "UN's Syria envoy seeks China's 'active role' – Middle East". Al Jazeera. 31 October 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
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