Lafayette County, Wisconsin

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Lafayette County, Wisconsin
LafayetteCC.jpg
Lafayette County Courthouse in 1982
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Lafayette County
Location in the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded 1846
Named for Marquis de Lafayette
Seat Darlington
Largest city Darlington
Area
 • Total 635 sq mi (1,645 km2)
 • Land 634 sq mi (1,642 km2)
 • Water 1.0 sq mi (3 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 16,836
 • Density 27/sq mi (10/km2)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.co.lafayette.wi.gov

Lafayette County, sometimes spelled La Fayette County, is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. It was part of the Wisconsin Territory at the time of its founding. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,836.[1] Its county seat is Darlington.[2] The county was named in honor of the Marquis de Lafayette, the French general who rendered assistance to the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 635 square miles (1,640 km2), of which 634 square miles (1,640 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Lafayette County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 11,531
1860 18,134 57.3%
1870 22,659 25.0%
1880 21,279 −6.1%
1890 20,265 −4.8%
1900 20,959 3.4%
1910 20,075 −4.2%
1920 20,002 −0.4%
1930 18,649 −6.8%
1940 18,695 0.2%
1950 18,137 −3.0%
1960 18,142 0.0%
1970 17,456 −3.8%
1980 17,412 −0.3%
1990 16,076 −7.7%
2000 16,137 0.4%
2010 16,836 4.3%
Est. 2016 16,753 [5] −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census of 2000,[10] there were 16,137 people, 6,211 households, and 4,378 families residing in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 6,674 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 99.03% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. 0.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.8% were of German, 17.5% Norwegian, 13.6% Irish, 11.9% English, 6.8% Swiss and 6.0% American ancestry.

There were 6,211 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.00% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.50% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.20% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.00 males.

Communities

Cities

Villages

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Politics

Presidential election results[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 51.9% 3,977 42.9% 3,288 5.2% 397
2012 41.7% 3,314 57.0% 4,536 1.3% 102
2008 38.1% 2,984 60.4% 4,732 1.5% 115
2004 46.8% 3,929 52.5% 4,402 0.7% 57
2000 45.9% 3,336 51.1% 3,710 3.0% 217
1996 33.6% 2,172 50.5% 3,261 15.9% 1,027
1992 32.9% 2,582 40.0% 3,143 27.2% 2,134
1988 50.7% 3,665 48.7% 3,521 0.6% 44
1984 60.4% 4,584 39.0% 2,961 0.5% 41
1980 51.5% 4,421 41.9% 3,598 6.7% 572
1976 50.5% 4,131 46.9% 3,839 2.6% 213
1972 62.9% 4,898 36.0% 2,804 1.1% 84
1968 55.1% 4,084 38.5% 2,853 6.4% 475
1964 41.6% 3,194 58.3% 4,471 0.1% 6
1960 56.6% 4,715 43.3% 3,607 0.1% 8
1956 59.3% 4,733 40.3% 3,212 0.4% 33
1952 66.2% 5,731 33.6% 2,905 0.2% 17
1948 46.3% 3,288 52.7% 3,740 1.1% 76
1944 54.3% 4,421 45.4% 3,696 0.4% 30
1940 53.7% 5,059 45.8% 4,315 0.5% 45
1936 41.1% 3,801 53.8% 4,976 5.1% 470
1932 39.5% 3,246 59.5% 4,886 1.0% 81
1928 58.5% 5,134 40.9% 3,585 0.6% 52
1924 34.7% 2,671 16.4% 1,265 48.9% 3,763
1920 76.1% 4,893 21.1% 1,357 2.8% 179
1916 54.1% 2,544 43.8% 2,059 2.2% 102
1912 39.1% 1,747 41.5% 1,852 19.4% 864
1908 56.0% 2,832 41.5% 2,100 2.6% 129
1904 58.2% 2,875 39.0% 1,928 2.8% 138
1900 55.8% 2,852 41.1% 2,100 3.1% 156
1896 54.7% 2,919 41.9% 2,236 3.3% 177
1892 47.9% 2,366 46.3% 2,286 5.9% 291

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved January 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Government Printing Office. p. 178. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 11 April 2018. 

Further reading

  • Commemorative Biographical Record of the Counties of Rock, Green, Grant, Iowa, and Lafayette, Wisconsin, Containing Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens, and of Many of the Early Settled Families. Chicago: J. H. Beers and Co., 1901.
  • History of La Fayette County, Wisconsin. Chicago: Western Historical Company, 1881.

External links

  • Lafayette County government website
  • Lafayette County map from the Wisconsin Department of Transportation
  • Lafayette Development Corporation

Coordinates: 42°40′N 90°08′W / 42.66°N 90.14°W / 42.66; -90.14

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