LGBT rights in Tajikistan

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LGBT rights in Tajikistan Tajikistan
Tajikistan (orthographic projection).svg
Same-sex sexual intercourse legal status Legal[1]
Gender identity/expression
Military service No
Family rights
Recognition of
Adoption No

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Tajikistan face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity is legal in Tajikistan, but same-sex couples and households headed by same-sex couples are not eligible for the same legal protections available to cisgender heterosexual married couples.[1]


Both male and female same-sex sexual activity is legal in Tajikistan, since 1998.[1] The age of consent is 16.[2]

De facto situation

Even though the law does not prohibit same-sex sexual activity, the actual situation in the country is not favourable for LGBT people. This is mostly due to local religion and beliefs, as well as outside influence. Harassment from police and the public is common.[3][4][5] In 2017, the authorities drew up an "official list" of LGBT citizens following two state operations named "Morality" and "Purge".[6][7]

Recognition of same-sex relationships

Tajikistan does not recognize same-sex unions.

Summary table

Same-sex sexual activity legal Yes (Since 1998)
Equal age of consent Yes (Since 1998)
Anti-discrimination laws in employment only No
Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services No
Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech) No
Same-sex marriages No
Recognition of same-sex couples No
Step-child adoption by same-sex couples No
Joint adoption by same-sex couples No
Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military Emblem-question.svg
Right to change legal gender Yes[8]
Access to IVF for lesbians No
Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples No
MSM allowed to donate blood No

See also


  1. ^ a b c State-sponsored Homophobia A world survey of laws prohibiting same sex activity between consenting adults Archived 11 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ National Laws – Legislation of Interpol member states on sexual offences against children – Tajikistan
  3. ^ Leach, Anna. "Tajikistan rife with homophobia". Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  4. ^ Sodiqov, Alexander. "Tajikistan Remains 'Hell for Gays'". 
  5. ^ "UPR Submission on Sexual Rights in Tajikistan" (PDF). October 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ [2]
  8. ^ Masci, David (February 11, 2014). "Gay rights in Russia and the former Soviet republics". Pew Research Center. Retrieved December 11, 2016. 

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