LGBT rights in Gabon

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LGBT rights in Gabon Gabon
Location Gabon AU Africa.svg
Same-sex sexual intercourse legal status Legal[1]
Gender identity/expression
Military service Unknown
Discrimination protections No
Family rights
Recognition of
Adoption No

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Gabon may face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity is legal in Gabon, but same-sex couples and households headed by same-sex couples are not eligible for the same legal protections available to opposite-sex couples.[1]

In December 2008, Gabon co-sponsored and signed the non-binding UN declaration on sexual orientation and gender identity calling for the global decriminalization of homosexuality, one of only six African countries to do so.[2] In 2011, however, Gabon voted against a South African sponsored resolution titled "Human rights, sexual orientation, and gender identity" in the Human Rights Council.[3]

Laws regarding same-sex sexual activity

Same-sex sexual activity is legal and was never criminalized.[1] The age of consent is 18 for both same-sex and opposite-sex sexual activity.[4][5]

Recognition of same-sex relationships

There is no legal recognition of same-sex couples.

Discrimination protections

There is no legal protection against discrimination based on sexual orientation.

Living conditions

The U.S. Department of State's 2010 Human Rights Report found that "discrimination and violence against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons was a problem, and LGBT individuals often kept their status secret from the community for fear of being harassed or discriminated against".[6]

Summary table

Same-sex sexual activity legal Yes (Always legal)
Equal age of consent Yes
Anti-discrimination laws in hate speech and violence No
Anti-discrimination laws in employment No
Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services No
Same-sex marriage No
Recognition of same-sex couples No
Step-child adoption by same-sex couples No
Joint adoption by same-sex couples No
Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military Emblem-question.svg
Right to change legal gender Emblem-question.svg
Access to IVF for lesbians No
Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples No
MSMs allowed to donate blood No

See also


  1. ^ a b c State-sponsored Homophobia A world survey of laws prohibiting same sex activity between consenting adults
  2. ^ "Statement on human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity" (PDF). United Nations. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  3. ^ "17/19 Human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity". Retrieved 18 December 2013.
  4. ^ Interpol Gabon Spring 2006 edition
  5. ^ AVERT Worldwide ages of sexual consent
  6. ^ GABON

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