Los Angeles International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from LAX)
Los Angeles International Airport
Laxlogo.svg
Los Angeles International Airport Aerial Photo.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner City of Los Angeles
Operator Los Angeles World Airports
Serves Greater Los Angeles Area
Location Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 128 ft / 39 m
Coordinates 33°56′33″N 118°24′29″W / 33.94250°N 118.40806°W / 33.94250; -118.40806Coordinates: 33°56′33″N 118°24′29″W / 33.94250°N 118.40806°W / 33.94250; -118.40806
Website www.lawa.org
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
LAX is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
LAX
LAX
LAX is located in California
LAX
LAX
LAX is located in the US
LAX
LAX
Location within the Los Angeles metropolitan area
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
6L/24R 8,926 2,721 Concrete
6R/24L 10,885 3,318 Concrete
7L/25R 12,923 3,939 Concrete
7R/25L 11,095 3,382 Concrete
Statistics
Passengers (2016) 80,921,527
Aircraft operations (2016) 697,138
Economic impact (2012) $14.9 billion[3]
Social impact (2012) 133.9 thousand[3]

Los Angeles International Airport (IATA: LAXICAO: KLAXFAA LID: LAX) is the largest and busiest airport in both the Greater Los Angeles Area and in the state of California, the second busiest airport in the United States, and one of the largest international airports in the world. The airport is most often referred to by its IATA airport code (and FAA LID) LAX, with the letters pronounced individually.

LAX is in the southwestern Los Angeles area along the Pacific Ocean between the neighborhood of Westchester to its immediate north, the city of El Segundo to its immediate south and the city of Inglewood its immediate east. It is owned and operated by Los Angeles World Airports, an agency of the government of Los Angeles, formerly known as the Department of Airports. Covering 3,500 acres (1,416 ha) of land, LAX is also notable for its four parallel runways.

In 2016, LAX handled 80,921,527 passengers, an increase of 8% from the previous year,[5] making it the world's fourth busiest airport by passenger traffic, and country's second busiest overall after Hartsfield-Jackson in Atlanta. The airport holds the record for the world's busiest origin and destination (O&D) airport, since relative to other airports, many more travelers begin or end their trips in Los Angeles than use it as a connection. It is also the only airport to rank among the top five U.S. airports for both passenger and cargo traffic.[7]

LAX serves as either a hub or focus city for more Mainline US Carriers than any other airport in the U.S. The airport serves as a hub for Alaska Airlines (which purchased Virgin America in 2016),[1] American Airlines, Delta Air Lines,[2] and United Airlines. It serves as a focus city for Allegiant Air, Air New Zealand, Qantas, Southwest Airlines, Spirit Airlines, and Volaris. While LAX is the busiest airport in the Greater Los Angeles Area, other airports, including Hollywood Burbank Airport, John Wayne Airport, Long Beach Airport, and Ontario International Airport, also serve the region.

As the largest and busiest international airport on the U.S. West Coast, LAX is a major gateway to and from Europe, Latin America, Asia, and Oceania. With its deep connections to Asia and Latin America in particular, LAX is considered to be the premier gateway to the Pacific Rim.[8]

History

Los Angeles Municipal Airport on Army Day, c. 1931
Hangar No. 1 was the first structure at LAX, built in 1929, restored in 1990 and remaining in active use.[9]

In 1928, the Los Angeles City Council selected 640 acres (1.00 sq mi; 260 ha) in the southern part of Westchester for a new airport. The fields of wheat, barley and lima beans were converted into dirt landing strips without any terminal buildings. It was named Mines Field for William W. Mines, the real estate agent who arranged the deal.[10] The first structure, Hangar No. 1, was erected in 1929 and is in the National Register of Historic Places.[11]

Mines Field opened as the airport of Los Angeles in 1930 and the city purchased it to be a municipal airfield in 1937. The name became Los Angeles Airport in 1941 and Los Angeles International Airport in 1949.[12] In the 1930s the main airline airports were Burbank Airport (then known as Union Air Terminal, and later Lockheed) in Burbank and the Grand Central Airport in Glendale. (In 1940 the airlines were all at Burbank except for Mexicana's three departures a week from Glendale; in late 1946 most airline flights moved to LAX, but Burbank always retained a few.)[13]

Mines Field did not extend west of Sepulveda Boulevard;[14] Sepulveda was rerouted circa 1950 to loop around the west ends of the extended east–west runways (now runways 25L and 25R), which by November 1950 were 6,000 feet (1,800 m) long.[15] A tunnel was completed in 1953 allowing Sepulveda Boulevard to revert to straight and pass beneath the two runways; it was the first tunnel of its kind. For the next few years the two runways were 8,500 feet (2,600 m) long.[12][16]

The "X" in LAX

Before the 1930s, existing airports used a two-letter abbreviation based on the weather stations at the airports. At that time, "LA" served as the designation for Los Angeles Airport. But with the rapid growth in the aviation industry the designations expanded to three letters c. 1947, and "LA" became "LAX." The letter "X" has no specific meaning in this identifier.[17] "LAX" is also used for the Port of Los Angeles in San Pedro and by Amtrak for Union Station in downtown Los Angeles.

Aircraft spotting

The "Imperial Hill" area (also known as Clutter's Park) in El Segundo is a prime location for aircraft spotting, especially for takeoffs. Another popular spotting location sits under the final approach for runways 24 L&R on a lawn next to the Westchester In-N-Out Burger on Sepulveda Boulevard. This is one of the few remaining locations in Southern California from which spotters may watch such a wide variety of low-flying commercial airliners from directly underneath a flight path.

Space Shuttle Endeavour

At 12:51 p.m. on Friday, September 21, 2012, a Shuttle Carrier Aircraft carrying the Space Shuttle Endeavour landed at LAX on runway 25L.[18] An estimated 10,000 people saw the shuttle land. Interstate 105 was backed up for miles at a standstill. Imperial Highway was shut down for spectators. It was quickly taken off the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft, a modified Boeing 747, and was moved to a United Airlines hangar. The shuttle spent about a month in the hangar while it was prepared to be transported to the California Science Center.

Theme Building

LAX Theme Building, July 1962

The distinctive white googie "Theme Building", designed by Pereira & Luckman architect Paul Williams and constructed in 1961 by Robert E. McKee Construction Co., resembles a flying saucer that has landed on its four legs. A restaurant with a sweeping view of the airport is suspended beneath two arches that form the legs. The Los Angeles City Council designated the building a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument in 1992. A $4 million renovation, with retro-futuristic interior and electric lighting designed by Walt Disney Imagineering, was completed before the "Encounter Restaurant" opened there in 1997.[19] Visitors are able to take the elevator up to the roof of the "Theme Building", which closed after the September 11, 2001 attacks for security reasons and reopened to the public on weekends beginning on July 10, 2010.[20] Additionally, a memorial to the victims of the 9/11 attacks is located on the grounds, as three of the four hijacked planes were originally destined for LAX.[21]

Runways

LAX diagram showing runways and terminals.

There are four runways at LAX. All four runways are parallel, aligned roughly east-west. 24R/06L and 24L/06R (designated the North Airfield Complex) are north of the airport terminals, and 25R/07L and 25L/07R (designated the South Airfield Complex) are south of the airport terminals. From north to south, the runways are designated:[11]

Runways at Los Angeles International
E Length Width W Notes
06L → 8,926 ft
2,721 m
150 ft
46 m
← 24R
06R → 10,885 ft
3,318 m
150 ft
46 m
← 24L
Terminal Area
07L → 12,923 ft
3,939 m
150 ft
46 m
← 25R
07R → 11,095 ft
3,382 m
200 ft
61 m
← 25L

Since 1972, Los Angeles World Airports has adopted the "Preferential Runway Use Policy" to minimize noise. During daylight hours (0630 to 0000), the normal air traffic pattern is the "Westerly Operations" plan, named for the prevailing west winds. Under "Westerly Operations", departing aircraft take off to the west, and arriving aircraft approach from the east. To reduce noise from arriving aircraft during night hours (0000 to 0630), the air traffic pattern becomes "Over-Ocean Operations". Under "Over-Ocean", departing aircraft continue to take off to the west, but arriving aircraft approach from the west unless otherwise required to approach from the east due to reduced visibility or easterly winds. As the name implies, "Easterly Operations" is used when prevailing winds have shifted to originate from the east, typically during inclement weather and Santa Ana conditions. Under "Easterly Operations", departing aircraft take off to the east, and arriving aircraft approach from the west.[22]

The "inboard" runways (06R/24L and 07L/25R, closest to the central terminal area) are preferred for departures, and the "outboard" runways are preferred for arrivals. During noise-sensitive hours (2200 to 0700) and "Over-Ocean Operations", the "inboard" runways are used preferentially, with arrivals shifting primarily to 06R/24L and departures from 07L/25R. Historically, over 90% of flights have used the "inboard" departures and "outboard" arrivals scheme.[22]

The South Airfield Complex tends to see more operations than the North, due to a larger number of passenger gates and air cargo operations.[22] Runways in the North Airfield Complex are separated by 700 feet (210 m).[23] Plans have been advanced and approved to increase the separation by 260 feet (79 m), which would allow a central taxiway between runways, despite opposition from residents living north of LAX.[24] The separation between the two runways in the South Airfield Complex has already increased by 55 feet (17 m) to accommodate a central taxiway.[25][26]

Terminals

Overview

Continental passengers arriving at CAL terminal, July 1962, before jet-ways were constructed.

LAX has nine passenger terminals with a total of 128 gates arranged in the shape of the letter U or a horseshoe. The terminals are served by a shuttle bus. The Tom Bradley International Terminal and Terminals 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 are all connected airside via an overground passage between Terminal 4 and the Tom Bradley International Terminal, an underground tunnel between Terminals 4, 5 and 6 and above-ground walkways between Terminals 6, 7, and 8. Additional airside shuttle buses operate among Terminals 4, 6, and the American Eagle remote terminal, as well as between Terminals 2, 3, and the Tom Bradley International Terminal. There are no physical airside connections between any of the other terminals.

In addition to these terminals, there are 2,000,000 square feet (190,000 m2) of cargo facilities at LAX, and a heliport operated by Bravo Aviation. Qantas[27] has a maintenance facility at LAX, even though it is not a hub.

Terminal Arrangements

The following airlines operate at TBIT:

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

LAX connects nonstop to 101 domestic and 85 international destinations in North America, Latin America, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Oceania. American Airlines/American Eagle operate the most departures from the airport, followed by United Airlines/United Express and Southwest Airlines. American operates the largest network of routes out of LAX serving more than 70 destinations, followed closely by Delta (58) and United (57).

Airlines Destinations
Aer Lingus Dublin[30]
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Aeroméxico Guadalajara, Mexico City
Aeroméxico Connect León/Del Bajío,[31][32] Monterrey[33]
Air Canada Calgary, Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver
Air China Beijing–Capital, Shenzhen[34]
Air France Papeete, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air New Zealand Auckland, London–Heathrow, Rarotonga
Air Tahiti Nui Papeete, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Alaska Airlines Anchorage, Baltimore,[35] Guadalajara, Havana (ends January 22, 2018)[36], Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Liberia (CR), Loreto, Manzanillo, Mazatlán, Mexico City,[37] Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, Salt Lake City, San José del Cabo, San José de Costa Rica, Seattle/Tacoma, Washington–National
Alaska Airlines
operated by Horizon Air
Mammoth Lakes, Medford, San José (CA), Santa Rosa
Seasonal: Sun Valley
Alaska Airlines
operated by SkyWest Airlines
Mexico City, San José (CA)
Alitalia Rome–Fiumicino[38]
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita
Allegiant Air Albuquerque, Bellingham, Boise, Cincinnati, Eugene, Grand Junction, McAllen,[39] Medford, Memphis, Ogden,[40] Provo, Reno/Tahoe, Springfield (MO), Tulsa
Seasonal: Billings, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Des Moines, Fargo, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Great Falls, Idaho Falls, Kalispell, Little Rock, Missoula, Montrose, Oklahoma City, Sioux Falls, Tri-Cities (WA), Wichita
American Airlines Atlanta, Austin, Beijing–Capital,[41] Belize City, Boston, Cancún, Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Hartford, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Indianapolis, Kahului, Kailua–Kona, Las Vegas, Lihue, London–Heathrow, Mexico City, Miami, Nashville, New Orleans, New York–JFK, Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Puerto Vallarta, Raleigh/Durham, St. Louis, San José del Cabo, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai–Pudong, Sydney, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National
Seasonal: Anchorage, Auckland,[42] Eagle/Vail, Jackson Hole, Sacramento, Montego Bay
Charter: Havana
American Eagle Albuquerque, Denver, El Paso, Eugene, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Fresno, Houston–Intercontinental, Mazatlán, Medford,[43] Montrose, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San José (CA), Seattle/Tacoma, Tucson, Vancouver
Seasonal: Aspen, Austin, Bozeman (begins June 9, 2018),[44] Durango (CO), Flagstaff (begins May 5, 2018)[45], Grand Junction,[46] Jackson Hole, Redmond/Bend
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Austrian Airlines Seasonal: Vienna
Avianca Bogotá
Avianca Costa Rica Guatemala City, San José de Costa Rica, San Salvador
Avianca El Salvador San Salvador
Boutique Air Inyokern,[47] Merced
British Airways London–Heathrow
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Nanjing, Shanghai–Pudong
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou
Copa Airlines Panama City
Delta Air Lines Amsterdam (begins June 17, 2018),[48] Atlanta, Austin, Belize City, Boston, Cancún, Cincinnati, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas/Fort Worth,[49] Denver, Detroit, Guatemala City, Honolulu, Indianapolis, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Kahului, Kailua–Kona, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Lihue, Memphis, Mexico City,[50] Minneapolis/St. Paul, Nashville, New Orleans, New York–JFK, Oakland, Orlando, Paris–Charles de Gaulle (begins June 16, 2018),[48] Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, Raleigh/Durham, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Diego, San José (CA), San José del Cabo, San José de Costa Rica, San Salvador, Shanghai–Pudong, Sydney, Tampa, Tokyo–Haneda, Washington–National
Seasonal: Bozeman, Liberia (CR), Managua, Miami, Vancouver
Delta Connection Albuquerque,[51] Austin, Boise, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Oakland, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Sacramento, San Antonio, San Diego, San José (CA), Spokane, Tucson, Vancouver
Seasonal: Aspen, Bozeman, Jackson Hole, Kalispell, Missoula, Portland (OR), Sun Valley
Delta Shuttle San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Dublin
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Fiji Airways Nadi
Frontier Airlines Atlanta, Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Orlando
Seasonal: Cincinnati, Colorado Springs[52]
Great Lakes Airlines Prescott
Hainan Airlines Changsha, Chengdu,[53] Chongqing[53]
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu, Kahului, Lihue
Seasonal: Kailua–Kona
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong (begins December 18, 2017)[54]
Iberia Seasonal: Madrid
Interjet Cancún, Guadalajara, León/Del Bajío, Mexico City, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo[55]
Japan Airlines Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita
JetBlue Airways Boston, Buffalo, Fort Lauderdale, Orlando, New York–JFK
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
LATAM Chile Lima, Santiago de Chile
LATAM Perú Lima
LEVEL
operated by Iberia
Seasonal: Barcelona[56]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin[57]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Mokulele Airlines El Centro[58]
Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Long Haul
Barcelona,[59] Copenhagen, London–Gatwick, Madrid (begins July 15, 2018), Milan–Malpensa (begins July 16, 2018), Oslo–Gardermoen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rome–Fiumicino,[60] Stockholm–Arlanda
Philippine Airlines Manila
Qantas[a] Brisbane, Melbourne–Tullamarine, Sydney
Qatar Airways Doha
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Scandinavian Airlines Stockholm–Arlanda
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Hangzhou, Jinan[61]
Singapore Airlines Seoul–Incheon,[62] Singapore, Tokyo–Narita
Southwest Airlines Albuquerque, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Cancún,[63] Chicago–Midway, Dallas–Love, Denver, El Paso, Houston–Hobby, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Milwaukee, Nashville, New Orleans, Oakland, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta,[63] Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Francisco, San José (CA), San José del Cabo,[63] Tucson
Seasonal: Omaha
Spirit Airlines Atlanta, Baltimore, Cleveland, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Houston–Intercontinental, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New Orleans, Oakland, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Tampa (begins April 18, 2018)[64]
Sun Country Airlines Minneapolis/St. Paul
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Zürich
Thomas Cook Airlines Seasonal: Manchester (UK)
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk
United Airlines Boston, Cancún, Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Denver, Hilo, Honolulu, Houston–Intercontinental, Kahului, Kailua–Kona, Las Vegas, Lihue, London–Heathrow, Melbourne, Mexico City, Newark, Orlando, San Diego, San Francisco, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore,[65][66] Sydney, Tokyo–Narita, Washington–Dulles
Seasonal: Austin, Baltimore, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo, Seattle/Tacoma
United Express Albuquerque, Austin, Boise, Colorado Springs, Dallas/Fort Worth, Fresno, Las Vegas, León/Del Bajío, Medford (begins April 9, 2018),[67] Monterey, Oklahoma City (ends January 21, 2018), Palm Springs, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Redmond (begins April 9, 2018),[67] Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Seattle/Tacoma, St. George (UT), Tucson, Vancouver
Seasonal: Aspen, Bozeman, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Jackson Hole, Kalispell (begins June 7, 2018)[67], Missoula (begins June 7, 2018),[67], Montrose
Virgin America Boston, Cancún, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas–Love, Fort Lauderdale, Honolulu, Kahului, Las Vegas, New York–JFK, Newark, Orlando, Philadelphia, Portland (OR) (ends January 2, 2018), San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Washington–Dulles
Virgin Atlantic London–Heathrow
Virgin Australia Brisbane, Melbourne–Tullamarine, Sydney
VivaAerobus Guadalajara[68]
Volaris Acapulco (begins December 19, 2017),[69] Aguascalientes, Durango, Guadalajara, León/Del Bajío, Mexico City, Morelia, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Uruapan, Zacatecas
Seasonal: Puerto Vallarta[70]
Volaris Costa Rica Guatemala City (begins March 17, 2018),San Salvador (begins March 15, 2018)
WestJet Calgary, Edmonton, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver
WOW air Reykjavík–Keflavík
XiamenAir Qingdao, [71] Xiamen
XL Airways France Seasonal: Paris–Charles de Gaulle

Notes:

  1. ^ Qantas also flies to/from New York–JFK, but only for international, connecting traffic. Due to US federal law, foreign airlines may not transport revenue passengers solely between US destinations.

Cargo

Airlines Destinations Refs
AeroUnion Guadalajara, León/El Bajío, Mexico City, Monterrey [72]
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Amsterdam, Anchorage, Hong Kong, Shanghai–Pudong [73]
Air China Cargo Beijing–Capital, Quito, Shanghai–Pudong [74][75]
Aloha Air Cargo Honolulu [76]
Asiana Cargo Anchorage, San Francisco, Seoul–Incheon [77]
Cargolux Anchorage, Calgary, Glasgow–Prestwick, Luxembourg, Mexico City, Milan–Malpensa, Seattle/Tacoma [78][79]
Cathay Pacific Cargo Anchorage, Hong Kong, Mexico City, Portland (OR)[80] [81]
Centurion Air Cargo Guadalajara, Mexico City, Miami, Tokyo–Narita [82]
China Airlines Cargo Anchorage, Osaka, San Francisco, Taipei–Taoyuan [83][84][85]
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai–Pudong [86]
China Southern Cargo Guangzhou, Hefei, Shanghai–Pudong, Tianjin, Vancouver, Zhengzhou [87][88][89]
DHL Aviation Anchorage, Calgary, Cincinnati, Guadalajara, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Huatulco, Leipzig/Halle, Mexico City, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José (CR), Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita, Tucson [76][90][91][92][93][94]
Emirates SkyCargo Copenhagen, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Mexico City, Zaragoza [95][96]
EVA Air Cargo Anchorage, Taipei–Taoyuan [97]
FedEx Express Boston, Burbank, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Edmonton, Fort Worth/Alliance, Fresno, Honolulu, Indianapolis, Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Nashville, Newark, Oakland, Ontario, Orange County, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), San Diego, Seattle/Tacoma, Sydney Tulsa
Korean Air Cargo Anchorage, San Francisco, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita [98][99]
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Manchester [100]
MasAir Campinas–Viracopos, Guadalajara, Mérida, Mexico City, Quito [101]
National Airlines (N8) Anchorage, Nagoya–Centrair, Osaka–Kansai, Shanghai–Pudong, Tokyo–Narita [102][not in citation given]
Nippon Cargo Airlines San Francisco, Tokyo–Narita [103][104]
Qantas Freight Auckland, Chongqing, Honolulu, Melbourne, Sydney [105]
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha, Luxembourg, Mexico City [106][107][108][109]
Singapore Airlines Cargo Amsterdam, Anchorage, Brussels, Hong Kong, Sharjah [110]
Sky Lease Cargo Miami, Tokyo–Narita [111]
UPS Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Louisville, Ontario

Traffic and statistics

LAX handles more "origin and destination" (not connecting) passengers than any other airport in the world.[112][113]

The airport handled 28,861,477 enplanements, the total number of passengers boarding an aircraft, in 2008. This makes LAX the third busiest airport in the United States in terms of enplanements.[114]

It is the world's fifth-busiest airport by passenger traffic[115] and fifteenth-busiest by cargo traffic,[116] serving over 70.6 million passengers and 2 million tons of freight and mail in 2014. It is the busiest airport in the state of California, and the second-busiest airport by passenger boardings in the United States, based on final 2013 statistics.[117]

In terms of international passengers, as of 2012, LAX is the third-busiest in the United States (behind JFK in New York City and MIA in Miami)[118] and, as of 2006, 26th worldwide.[119]

The number of aircraft operations (landings and takeoffs) has steadily increased to 636,706 in 2014, up from 614,917 in 2013, according to the Federal Aviation Administration.[120] The Airports Council International places LAX at third most aircraft movements in the world, as of 2013.[121]

Traffic by calendar year
Enplaned and Deplaned Passengers Aircraft movements Freight
(tons)
Mail
(tons)
1994 51,050,275 689,888 1,516,567 186,878
1995 53,909,223 732,639 1,567,248 193,747
1996 57,974,559 763,866 1,696,663 194,091
1997 60,142,588 781,492 1,852,487 212,410
1998 61,215,712 773,569 1,787,400 264,473
1999 64,279,571 779,150 1,884,526 253,695
2000 67,303,182 783,433 2,002,614 246,538
2001 61,606,204 738,433 1,779,065 162,629
2002 56,223,843 645,424 1,869,932 92,422
2003 54,982,838 622,378 1,924,883 97,193
2004 60,704,568 655,097 2,022,911 92,402
2005 61,489,398 650,629 2,048,817 88,371
2006 61,041,066 656,842 2,022,687 80,395
2007 62,438,583 680,954 2,010,820 66,707
2008 59,815,646 622,506 1,723,038 73,505
2009 56,520,843 544,833 1,599,782 64,073
2010 59,069,409 575,835 1,852,791 74,034
2011 61,862,052 603,912 1,789,204 80,442
2012 63,688,121 605,480 1,867,155 88,438
2013 66,667,619 614,917 1,848,764 77,286
2014 70,662,212 636,706 1,921,302 79,850
2015 74,936,256 655,564 2,047,197 94,299
2016 80,921,527 697,138 2,105,941 99,394
Source: Los Angeles World Airports[122]

Top domestic destinations

Busiest domestic routes to and from LAX
(October 2016 - September 2017)
[123]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 San Francisco, California 1,732,600 American, Delta, Southwest, United, Virgin America
2 New York–JFK, New York 1,654,370 American, Delta, JetBlue, Virgin America
3 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 1,488,840 American, Frontier, Spirit, United, Virgin America
4 Seattle/Tacoma, Washington 1,452,720 Alaska, American, Delta, Spirit, United, Virgin America
5 Las Vegas, Nevada 1,359,730 American, Delta, Southwest, Spirit, United, Virgin America
6 Denver, Colorado 1,237,310 American, Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, United
7 Atlanta, Georgia 1,098,330 American, Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit
8 Honolulu, Hawaii 1,081,810 American, Delta, Hawaiian, United, Virgin America
9 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 1,042,360 American, Delta, Spirit, United
10 Newark, New Jersey 831,280 United, Virgin America
A number of international carriers shown at Tom Bradley International Terminal.

Top international destinations

Busiest international routes from LAX (2016)[124]
Rank Airport Passengers Change 2015/2016 Carriers
1 United Kingdom London (Heathrow) 1,520,350 Decrease00.2% Air New Zealand, American Airlines, British Airways, United, Virgin Atlantic
2 Mexico Mexico City 1,037,600 Increase043.0% Aeroméxico, Alaska, American, Interjet, United, Volaris
3 South Korea Seoul (Incheon) 1,024,826 Decrease05.4% Asiana, Korean Air, Singapore Airlines
4 Taiwan Taipei (Taoyuan) 1,016,686 Increase07.4% China Airlines, EVA Air
5 Japan Tokyo (Narita) 983,933 Decrease010.7% ANA, American, Delta, Japan Airlines, Singapore Airlines, United
6 Australia Sydney 936,562 Decrease019.3% American, Delta, Qantas, United
7 Mexico Guadalajara 923,918 Increase023.8% Aeroméxico, Alaska, American, Delta, Interjet, Volaris
8 Canada Vancouver 911,592 Increase01.7% Air Canada, American, Delta, United, WestJet
9 China Shanghai (Pudong) 799,300 Increase055.9% American, China Eastern, Delta, United
10 Hong Kong Hong Kong 710,462 Increase028.4% American, Cathay Pacific
11 Canada Toronto (Pearson) 702,674 Increase013.4% Air Canada, American, WestJet
12 France Paris (Charles de Gaulle) 686,407 Increase029.5% Air France, Air Tahiti Nui, Norwegian, XL Airways France
13 United Arab Emirates Dubai-International 508,374 Increase030.4% Emirates
14 China Beijing (Capital) 501,977 Increase08.0% Air China
15 New Zealand Auckland 471,717 Increase00.4% Air New Zealand, American
16 Australia Melbourne 469,739 Increase05.4% Qantas, United
17 China Guangzhou 434,434 Increase0106.4% China Southern
18 Mexico Los Cabos 423,007 Increase06.9% Alaska, American, United
19 Japan Tokyo (Haneda) 419,460 Increase060.4% ANA, American, Delta
20 El Salvador San Salvador 412,580 Decrease02.1% Avianca Costa Rica, Avianca El Salvador, Delta

Airline market share

Largest Airlines at LAX (October 2016 – September 2017)[123]
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 American Airlines 10,906,000 18.93%
2 Southwest Airlines 9,490,000 16.47%
2 Delta Air Lines 9,423,000 16.35%
4 United Airlines 8,555,000 14.84%
5 SkyWest Airlines 3,195,000 5.54%

Ground transportation

Transportation between terminals

Shuttles operate to and from the terminals, providing frequent service for connecting passengers. However, connecting passengers who use these shuttles must leave and then later reenter security.

Airside connectors

Underground tunnels connect between terminals 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8, and an above-ground connector between TBIT and terminal 4 opened in February 2016.[125]

One of the large LAX signs that greet visitors to Los Angeles International Airport. This sign is at the Century Boulevard entrance to the airport.

Freeways and roads

LAX's terminals are immediately west of the interchange between Century Boulevard and Sepulveda Boulevard (State Route 1). The 405 Freeway can be reached to the east via Century Boulevard, and the 105 Freeway can be reached to the south via Sepulveda Boulevard.

The 405 freeway near LAX

Bus

LAX City Bus Center

The closest bus stops to the terminals are the pair of opposites on Sepulveda Boulevard and Century Boulevard, served by Metro 117, Torrance 8, Metro 232, Commuter Express 574 and Metro 40 to Los Angeles Union Station (owl service only).

In addition, out of a number of bus systems, many routes (local, rapid and express) of the LACMTA Metro 232 to Long Beach, Line 8 of Torrance Transit, Line 109 of Beach Cities Transit, the Santa Monica Big Blue Bus system's Line 3 and Rapid 3 via Lincoln Boulevard to Santa Monica and the Culver CityBus's Line 6 and Rapid 6 via Sepulveda Blvd to Culver City and UCLA, LADOT Commuter Express 438 to Downtown LA (Monday-Friday Rush hours AM), all make stops at the LAX Transit Center in Parking Lot C. on 96th St., where shuttle bus "C" offers free connections to and from every LAX terminal, and at the Green Line, where shuttle bus "G" connects to and from the terminals.

The Taiwanese airline China Airlines operates a bus service from LAX to Monterey Park and Rowland Heights. This service is only available for China Airlines customers.[126]

FlyAway Bus

The FlyAway Bus is a nonstop motorcoach/shuttle service run by the LAWA, which provides scheduled service between LAX and Downtown Los Angeles (Union Station), the San Fernando Valley (Van Nuys), West Los Angeles (Westwood), Hollywood, Long Beach, California, and Santa Monica was discontinued in 2015. The Irvine FlyAway was discontinued on August 31, 2012. The shuttle service stops at every LAX terminal. The service hours vary based on the line. All lines use the regional system of High Occupancy Vehicle lanes to expedite their trips. The Los Angeles Union Station service and a late-night branch of Metro Local route 40 are the only direct transport links between the airport and Downtown Los Angeles.

Metro Rail

Shuttle bus "G" offers a free connection to and from the Aviation/LAX station on the Los Angeles Metro Rail Green Line. The line was originally intended to be a people mover to connect directly to the airport terminals, but budgetary restraints and opposition from local taxi and parking lot owners impeded its progress and won.

Airport Metro Connector

LAX Train (Future)
Consolidated Rental Car Facility
Aviation/96th Street
LAMetroLogo.svg
Intermodal Transportation Facility East
APM Maintenance and Storage Facility
Intermodal Transportation Facility West
East CTA
(Terminals 1, 7, 8)
Center CTA
(Terminals 2, 5, 6)
West CTA
(Terminals 3, 4, Int'l)

In June 2014, the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority approved a $200 million Metro Rail infill station called Aviation/96th Street on the under construction Crenshaw/LAX Line to connect to an automated people mover (APM) system called the Airport Metro Connector, connecting terminals 1–8 to the light rail systems.[127] The people mover will have six stations: three serving the central terminal area, one serving a ground transportation hub and surrounding hotels, one serving the infill light rail station, and one serving a rental car hub, decreasing the need for shuttle bus services. Construction, estimated to cost $1.5 billion, is planned to start in early 2017 and to be completed by early 2024. The project will be completed in time for the 2028 Summer Olympics. [128][129] Currently, shuttle bus "G" runs every 10–15 minutes (synched with the train schedule) from 5 am – 1:30 am.[130]

Taxis and private shuttles

Taxicab services are operated by nine city-authorized taxi companies and regulated by Authorized Taxicab Supervision Inc. (ATS). ATS maintains a taxicab holding lot under the 96th Street Bridge where, at peak periods, hundreds of cabs queue up to wait their turn to pull into the central terminal area to pick up passengers. A number of private shuttle companies also offer limousine and bus services to LAX Airport.

Uber and Lyft both provide ride services to and from LAX. All dropoffs and pickups happen on the upper departures level. Pickups (arriving passengers) only happen at one of the designated "rideshare signs." There are six rideshare sign locations around the airport, labeled A thru F. Lyft and Uber drivers are not allowed on the lower arrivals area, except when picking up a disabled passenger who requires ADA access.

Coast Guard Air Station Los Angeles

The airport also functioned as a joint civil-military facility, providing a base for the United States Coast Guard and its Coast Guard Air Station Los Angeles facility, operating four HH-65 Dolphin helicopters, which covers Coast Guard operations in various Southern California locations, including Catalina Island. Missions include search and rescue (SAR), law enforcement, aids to navigation support (such as operating lighthouses) and various military operations. In addition, Coast Guard helicopters assigned to the air station deploy to Coast Guard cutters.

The air station relocated by May 18, 2016 from LAX to accommodate the planned improvements for LAX's midfield, including the Midfield Satellite Concourse North (MSC North) terminal. The air station moved to U.S. Navy's Naval Air Station Point Mugu, part of the Naval Base Ventura County (NBVC) in Point Mugu, California.[131]

Flight Path Learning Center & Museum

The light towers, first installed in preparation for the Democratic National Convention in 2000, change colors throughout the night

The Flight Path Learning Center is a museum located at 6661 Imperial Highway and was formerly known as the "West Imperial Terminal". This building used to house some charter flights (e.g. Condor Airlines, Martinair Holland, World Airways) and regular scheduled flights by MGM Grand Air. It sat empty for 10 years until it was re-opened as a learning center for LAX.

The center contains information on the history of aviation, several pictures of the airport, as well as aircraft scale models, flight attendant uniforms, and general airline memorabilia such as playing cards, china, magazines, signs, even a TWA gate information sign. The museum also offers school tours and a guest speaker program.

The museum's library contains an extensive collection of rare items such as aircraft manufacturer company newsletters/magazines, technical manuals for both military and civilian aircraft, industry magazines dating back to World War II and before, historic photographs and other invaluable references on aircraft operation and manufacturing.[132]

The museum has on display "The Spirit of Seventy-Six," which is a DC-3 (DC-3-262, Serial No. 3269). After being in commercial airline service, the plane served as a corporate aircraft for Union Oil Company for 32 years. The plane was built in the Douglas Aircraft Company plant in Santa Monica in January 1941, which was a major producer of both commercial and military aircraft.[133]

The museum claims to be "the only aviation museum and research center situated at a major airport and the only facility with a primary emphasis on contributions of civil aviation to the history and development of Southern California".[134] There are other museums at major airports, however, including the Udvar-Hazy Center of the National Air and Space Museum adjacent to Washington Dulles Airport, the Royal Thai Air Force Museum at Don Mueang Airport, the Suomen ilmailumuseo (Finnish Aviation Museum) at Helsinki-Vantaa Airport, the Frontiers of Flight Museum at Dallas Love Field, the Tulsa Air and Space Museum & Planetarium at Tulsa International Airport and others.

Other facilities

Hotels next to LAX

The airport has the administrative offices of Los Angeles World Airports.[135]

Continental Airlines once had its corporate headquarters on the airport property. At a 1962 press conference in the office of Mayor of Los Angeles Sam Yorty, Continental Airlines announced that it planned to move its headquarters to Los Angeles in July 1963.[136] In 1963 Continental Airlines headquarters moved to a two-story, $2.3 million building on the grounds of the airport.[137][138] The July 2009 Continental Magazine issue stated that the move "underlined Continental Airlines western and Pacific orientation".[139] On July 1, 1983 the airline's headquarters were relocated to the America Tower in the Neartown area of Houston.[140]

In addition to Continental Airlines, Western Airlines and Flying Tiger Line also had their headquarters at LAX.[141][142]

Accidents and incidents

During its history there have been numerous incidents, but only the most notable are summarized below:[143]

1930s

  • On January 23, 1939, the sole prototype Douglas 7B twin-engine attack bomber, designed and built as a company project, suffered loss of vertical fin and rudder during demonstration flight over Mines Field, flat spun into the parking lot of North American Aviation, burned. Another source states that the test pilot, in an attempt to impress the Gallic passenger, attempted a snap roll at low altitude with one engine feathered, resulting in the fatal spin.[144] Douglas test pilot Johnny Cable bailed out at 300 feet, chute unfurled but did not have time to deploy, killed on impact, flight engineer John Parks rode the airframe in and died, but 33-year-old French Air Force Capt. Paul Chemidlin, riding in aft fuselage near top turret, survived with broken leg, severe back injuries, slight concussion. Presence of Chemidlin, a representative of foreign purchasing mission, caused a furor in Congress by isolationists over neutrality and export laws. Type was developed as Douglas DB-7.[145]

1940s

  • On June 1, 1940, the first Douglas R3D-1 for the U.S. Navy, BuNo 1901, crashed at Mines Field, before delivery. The Navy later acquired the privately owned DC-5 prototype, from William E. Boeing as a replacement.[146]
  • On November 20, 1940, the prototype NA-73X Mustang, NX19998,[147] first flown October 26, 1940, by test pilot Vance Breese, crashed this date.[148] According to P-51 designer Edgar Schmued, the NA-73 was lost because test pilot Paul Balfour refused, before a high-speed test run, to go through the takeoff and flight test procedure with Schmued while the aircraft was on the ground, claiming "one airplane was like another". After making two high speed passes over Mines Field, he forgot to put the fuel valve on "reserve" and during third pass ran out of fuel. Emergency landing in a freshly plowed field caused wheels to dig in, aircraft flipped over, airframe was not rebuilt, the second aircraft being used for subsequent testing.[149]
  • On October 26, 1944, WASP pilot Gertrude Tompkins Silver of the 601st Ferrying Squadron, 5th Ferrying Group, Love Field, Dallas, Texas, departed Los Angeles Airport, in North American P-51D Mustang, 44-15669,[150] at 1600 hrs PWT, headed for the East Coast. She took off into the wind, into an offshore fog bank, and was expected that night at Palm Springs. She never arrived. Due to a paperwork foul-up, a search did not get under way for several days, and while the eventual search of land and sea was massive, it failed to find a trace of Silver or her plane. She is the only missing WASP pilot. She had married Sgt. Henry Silver one month before her disappearance.[151]

1960s

  • On January 13, 1969, a Scandinavian Airlines System Douglas DC-8-62, Flight 933, crashed into Santa Monica Bay, approximately 6 nautical miles (11 km) west of LAX at 7:21 pm, local time. The aircraft was operating as flight SK-933, nearing the completion of a flight from Seattle. Of nine crewmembers, three lost their lives to drowning, while 12 of the 36 passengers also drowned.
  • On January 18, 1969, United Airlines Flight 266 a Boeing 727-200 bearing the registration number N7434U, crashed into Santa Monica Bay approximately 11.3 miles (18.2 km) west of LAX at 6:21 pm local time. The aircraft was destroyed, resulting in the loss of all 32 passengers and six crew members aboard.

1970s

  • On the evening of June 6, 1971, Hughes Airwest Flight 706, a Douglas DC-9 jetliner that had departed LAX on a flight to Salt Lake City, Utah, was struck nine minutes after takeoff by a U.S. Marine Corps McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II fighter jet over the San Gabriel Mountains. The midair collision killed all 44 passengers and five crew members aboard the DC-9 airliner and one of two crewmen aboard the military jet.
  • On August 6, 1974, a bomb exploded near the Pan Am ticketing area at Terminal 2; three people were killed and 35 were injured.[152]
  • On March 1, 1978, two tires burst in succession on a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-10 on Continental Airlines Flight 603 during its takeoff roll at LAX and the plane, bound for Honolulu, veered off the runway. A third tire burst and the DC-10's left landing gear collapsed, causing a fuel tank to rupture. Following the aborted takeoff, spilled fuel ignited and enveloped the center portion of the aircraft in flames. During the ensuing emergency evacuation, a husband and wife died when they exited the passenger cabin onto the wing and dropped down directly into the flames. Two additional passengers died of their injuries approximately three months after the accident; 74 others aboard the plane were injured, as were 11 firemen battling the fire.
  • On the evening of March 10, 1979, Swift Aire Flight 235, a twin-engine Aerospatiale Nord 262A-33 turboprop en route to Santa Maria, was forced to ditch in Santa Monica Bay after experiencing engine problems upon takeoff from LAX. The pilot, co-pilot and a female passenger drowned when they were unable to exit the aircraft after the ditching. The female flight attendant and the three remaining passengers—two men and a pregnant woman—survived and were rescued by several pleasure boats and other watercraft in the vicinity.

1980s

  • On August 31, 1986, Aeroméxico Flight 498, a DC-9 en route from Mexico City, Mexico to Los Angeles, began its descent into LAX when a Piper Cherokee collided with the DC-9's left horizontal stabilizer over Cerritos, California, causing the DC-9 to crash into a residential neighborhood. All 67 people on the two aircraft were killed, in addition to 15 people on the ground. 5 homes were destroyed and an additional 7 were damaged by the crash and resulting fire. The Piper went down in a nearby schoolyard and caused no further injuries on the ground. As a result of this incident, the FAA required all commercial aircraft to be equipped with Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS).

1990s

  • On February 1, 1991, USAir Flight 1493 (arriving from Columbus, Ohio), a Boeing 737-300, landing on runway 24L at LAX, collided on touchdown with a SkyWest Airlines Fairchild Metroliner, Flight 5569 departing to Palmdale, California. The Skywest plane was given clearance to wait on the runway for takeoff. The same controller then gave the USAir plane clearance to land on the same runway, forgetting that the SkyWest plane was there. The collision killed all 12 occupants of the SkyWest plane and 23 people aboard the USAir 737.[153][154]

2000s

  • Al-Qaeda attempted to bomb LAX on New Year's Eve 1999/2000. The bomber, Algerian Ahmed Ressam, was captured in Port Angeles, Washington, the U.S. port of entry, with a cache of explosives that could have produced a blast 40 times greater than that of a car bomb hidden in the trunk of the rented car in which he had traveled from Canada.[155][156] He had planned to leave one or two suitcases filled with explosives in an LAX passenger waiting area.[157][158] He was initially sentenced to 22 years in prison, but in February 2010 an appellate court ordered that his sentence be extended.[159]
  • On January 31, 2000, Alaska Airlines Flight 261, a McDonnell Douglas MD-83 jetliner flying from Puerto Vallarta, Mexico to San Francisco and Seattle, requested an emergency landing at LAX after experiencing problems with its tail-mounted horizontal stabilizer. Before the plane could divert to Los Angeles, it suddenly plummeted into the Pacific Ocean approximately 2.7 miles (4.3 km) north of Anacapa Island off the California coast, killing all 88 people aboard.[160]
  • In the 2002 Los Angeles International Airport shooting of July 4, 2002, Hesham Mohamed Hadayet killed two Israelis at the ticket counter of El Al Airlines at LAX. Although the gunman was not linked to any terrorist group, the man was upset at U.S. support for Israel, and therefore was motivated by political disagreement. This led the FBI to classify this shooting as a terrorist act,[161] one of the few on U.S. soil since the September 11 attacks.
  • On September 21, 2005, JetBlue Flight 292, an Airbus A320 discovered a problem with its landing gear as it took off from Bob Hope Airport in Burbank, California. It flew in circles for three hours to burn off fuel, then landed safely at Los Angeles International Airport on runway 25L, balancing on its back wheels as it rolled down the center of the runway. Passengers were able to watch their own coverage live from the satellite broadcast on JetBlue in-flight TV seat displays of their plane as it made an emergency landing with the front landing gear visibly becoming damaged. Because JetBlue did not serve LAX at the time, the aircraft was evaluated and repaired at a Continental Airlines hangar.[162][163]
  • On July 29, 2006, after America West Express Flight 6008, a Canadair Regional Jet operated by Mesa Airlines from Phoenix, Arizona, landed on runway 25L, controllers instructed the pilot to leave the runway on a taxiway known as "Mike" and stop short of runway 25R. Even though the pilot read back the instructions correctly, he accidentally taxied onto 25R and into the path of a departing SkyWest Airlines Embraer EMB-120 operating United Express Flight 6037 to Monterey, California. They cleared each other by 50 feet (15 m) and nobody was hurt.[164]
  • On August 16, 2007, a runway incursion occurred between WestJet Flight 900 and Northwest Airlines Flight 180 on runways 24R and 24L, respectively, with the aircraft coming within 37 feet (11 m) of each other. The planes were carrying a combined total of 296 people, none of whom were injured. The NTSB concluded that the incursion was the result of controller error.[165] In September 2007, FAA Administrator Marion Blakey stressed the need for LAX to increase lateral separation between its pair of north runways in order to preserve the safety and efficiency of the airport.[166]

2010s

  • On October 13 and 14, 2013, two incidents of dry ice bomb explosions occurred at the airport. The first dry ice bomb exploded at 7:00 p.m. in an employee restroom in Terminal 2, injuring nobody. Terminal 2 was briefly shut down as a result. On the next day at 8:30 p.m., a dry ice bomb exploded on the ramp area near the Tom Bradley International Terminal, injuring nobody. Two other plastic bottles containing dry ice were found at the scene during the second explosion. On October 15, a 28-year-old airport employee was arrested in connection with the explosions and was booked on charges of possession of an explosive or destructive device near an aircraft. He is currently held on a $1 million bail.[167][168][169] On October 18, a 41-year-old airport employee was arrested in connection with the second explosion, and was booked on suspicion of possessing a destructive device near an aircraft.[170] Authorities believe that the incidents are not linked to terrorism.[167]
  • In the 2013 Los Angeles International Airport shooting of November 1, 2013, at around 9:31 a.m. PDT, a lone gunman entered Terminal 3 and opened fire with a semi-automatic rifle, killing a Transportation Security Administration (TSA) officer and wounding three other people. The gunman was later apprehended and taken into custody. Until the situation was clarified and under control, a few terminals at the airport were evacuated, all inbound flights were diverted and all outbound flights were grounded until the airport began returning to normal operation at around 2:30 p.m.[171][172]
  • On August 28, 2016, there was a false report of shots fired throughout the airport, causing a temporary lock down and about 3 hours of flight delays.[173]
  • On May 20, 2017, Aeroméxico Flight 642, a Boeing 737-800, collided with a utility truck on a taxiway near Runway 25R, injuring 8 people, two of them seriously.[174]

Planned modernization

New Tom Bradley West International Terminal "Bon Voyage" screen that greets travelers about to depart through the expanded concourse

LAWA currently has several plans to modernize LAX. These include terminal and runway improvements, which will enhance the passenger experience, reduce overcrowding, and provide airport access to the latest class of very large passenger aircraft.

These improvements include:[175]

  • New crossfield taxiway
  • New large aircraft gates at Tom Bradley International Terminal (TBIT)
  • TBIT core improvements
  • New Midfield Satellite Concourse
  • Replacement of Central Utility Plant
  • Terminal and Runway Improvements

LAWA is also planning to build and operate an automated people mover. This small train will include three stations in the central terminal area and three outside east of the terminals at a new intermodal transportation facility, connecting passengers between the central terminal area and the Metro Green Line, the future Metro Crenshaw Line, and regional and local bus lines and a consolidated car rental facility.[176][177]

In popular culture

Numerous films and television shows have been set or filmed partially at LAX, at least partly due to the airport's proximity to Hollywood studios. Film shoots at the Los Angeles airports, including LAX, produced $590 million for the Los Angeles region from 2002 to 2005.[178]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Cities served - Alaska Airlines". Newsroom - Alaska Airlines. Alaska Airlines. September 2016. Retrieved October 15, 2016. With hubs in Anchorage, Alaska, Los Angeles and Portland, Oregon; Alaska calls Seattle home. The carrier offers more nonstop flights from Seattle than any other carrier. 
  2. ^ a b "Delta Hub Station Los Angeles". January 12, 2016. Retrieved January 12, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Los Angeles International airport – Economic and social impacts". Ecquants. Archived from the original on May 22, 2014. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  4. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for LAX (Form 5010 PDF). Retrieved March 15, 2007.
  5. ^ a b "LAX Statistics – Passengers". Lawa.org. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Statistics". Los Angeles World Airports. January 2016. Retrieved July 12, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Airport Traffic Reports". Airports Council International – North America. Retrieved August 19, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Westfield at LAX". Archived from the original on January 27, 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Aviation Facilities Company, Inc. :: Properties :: LAX". Afcoinc.com. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2010. 
  10. ^ "LAX Early History". Los Angeles World Airports. Retrieved October 25, 2011. 
  11. ^ a b "LAX – Airport Information – General Description – Just the Facts". Lawa.org. Retrieved December 6, 2010. 
  12. ^ a b "Search history". Los Angeles World Airports. Retrieved March 21, 2008. [dead link]
  13. ^ Official Guide of the Airways 7/40 and American Aviation Air Traffic Guide 1/46, 12/46 and 6/47
  14. ^ "backwards 1939 aerial view". Digitallibrary.usc.edu. Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  15. ^ "USC Libraries Digital Collections". Digitallibrary.usc.edu. Retrieved April 28, 2016. 
  16. ^ Airport diagrams for 1956 and 1965
  17. ^ "LAX Frequently Asked Questions". Los Angeles World Airports. Retrieved January 28, 2010. 
  18. ^ "Space Shuttle Endeavour Comes Home to Los Angeles". Dryden Flight Research Center. September 21, 2012. Retrieved October 15, 2012. 
  19. ^ Eddie Sotto (August 6, 2001). "Encounter at the Theme Building". LaughingPlace.com (Interview). Interview with Marc Borrelli. Retrieved February 25, 2008. 
  20. ^ "Iconic LAX Theme Building ready for its close-up". KPCC. July 2, 2010. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  21. ^ "Art Program – LAX 9/11 Memorial". Lawa.org. September 11, 2001. Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  22. ^ a b c Environmental Services Division, Noise Management Section (April 11, 2014). Los Angeles International Airport - Preferential Runway Use Policy (PDF) (Report). Los Angeles World Airports. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  23. ^ Oldham, Jennifer (June 5, 2007). "Pilots seek greater separation between LAX north runways". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 16, 2017. 
  24. ^ Weikel, Dan (December 3, 2012). "LAX runway separation plan advances, over groups' objections". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 16, 2017. 
  25. ^ Oldham, Jennifer (November 28, 2006). "North runways at LAX may be altered". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 16, 2017. 
  26. ^ Weikel, Dan (April 30, 2013). "Council OKs moving LAX runway as part of $4.76-billion upgrade". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 16, 2017. 
  27. ^ "Mayor Villaraigosa Announces New Qantas Maintenance Facility at LAX". Business Wire. February 1, 2006. Retrieved April 3, 2008. 
  28. ^ "Eagle's Nest (LAX Remote/regional jet terminal) How to Fix - FlyerTalk Forums". www.flyertalk.com. Retrieved September 12, 2017. 
  29. ^ "LAX - Terminal Maps". Los Angeles World Airports. Retrieved July 23, 2017. 
  30. ^ "Aer Lingus Launching Dublin To Los Angeles Flight". boardingarea.com. October 21, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2017. 
  31. ^ "Aeroméxico and Delta announce new routes and more frequencies between Mexico and the United States" (in Spanish). EnElAire. May 2017. Retrieved May 24, 2017. 
  32. ^ "Delta and Aeromexico expand options for U.S.-Mexico travel". Delta Air Lines. May 2017. Retrieved May 24, 2017. 
  33. ^ "Aeromexico Part 2: US expansion as Delta Air Lines JV is implemented and LCC competition intensifies". CAPA Centre for Aviation. July 22, 2017. 
  34. ^ "Air China re-schedules Shenzhen – Los Angeles launch to Dec 2017". routesonline. Retrieved August 10, 2017. 
  35. ^ "Flights from Los Angeles to Baltimore- Alaska Airlines". alaskaair.com. Retrieved March 8, 2017. 
  36. ^ "Alaska to end Los Angeles-Havana flight". November 14, 2017. Retrieved November 14, 2017. 
  37. ^ "Alaska Airlines receives U.S. DOT approval to begin Mexico City flying from San Francisco, Los Angeles and San Diego". May 2017. Retrieved May 19, 2017. 
  38. ^ "Alitalia extends Los Angeles to year-round service in W17". Routesonline. Retrieved July 27, 2017. 
  39. ^ "Allegiant Air to offer year-round LA flights | Business". themonitor.com. June 21, 2017. Retrieved July 27, 2017. 
  40. ^ "Allegiant Launches New Nonstop Service to LA - Utah Business". utahbusiness.com. 
  41. ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "American opens Los Angeles – Beijing bookings for Nov 2017 launch". 
  42. ^ "American Aug/Sep 2017 Auckland suspensions". routesonline. Retrieved April 16, 2017. 
  43. ^ "American adds Mainline Los Angeles – Vancouver service from May 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved July 27, 2017. 
  44. ^ "American Airlines Expanding Summer 2018 Service to Include Saturday Non-Stop Service to Los Angeles - Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport". bozemanairport.com. 
  45. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/275913/american-airlines-further-increases-domestic-routes-in-s18/
  46. ^ "American adds seasonal LAX – Grand Junction route in S17". routesonline. Retrieved October 11, 2016. 
  47. ^ Staff Report (July 18, 2017). "Inyokern Airport flights to begin Aug. 8 - News - Ridgecrest Daily Independent". Ridgecrest, CA. Retrieved July 27, 2017. 
  48. ^ a b "Delta's trans-Atlantic schedule brings customers more flights and more destinations". Delta News Hub. Delta Air Lines, Inc. September 21, 2017. 
  49. ^ "Flight Schedules". Delta Air Lines. 
  50. ^ "Delta adds Los Angeles - Mexico City route from Dec 2017". Retrieved July 16, 2017. 
  51. ^ "Delta adds Los Angeles – Albuquerque service from Oct 2017". Retrieved July 19, 2017. 
  52. ^ "FRONTIER AIRLINES ADDS SERVICE IN 12 NEW MARKETS AROUND THE COUNTRY". Frontier Airlines. Retrieved March 8, 2017. 
  53. ^ a b "Hainan Airlines adds new Los Angeles routes from March 2017". Airline Routes. February 19, 2017. Retrieved February 19, 2017. 
  54. ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Hong Kong Airlines opens Los Angeles reservation from Dec 2017". 
  55. ^ "Interjet announces three new flights to LAX" (in Spanish). EnElAire. October 2017. Retrieved October 22, 2017. 
  56. ^ "IAG takes flying to a new level". International Airlines Group. Retrieved March 17, 2017. 
  57. ^ April 4, 2017 Kurt Hofmann (April 4, 2017). "LOT Polish Airlines launches Los Angeles services | Airports & Routes content from". ATWOnline. Retrieved July 27, 2017. 
  58. ^ "California Flight Schedule". Mokulele Airlines. 
  59. ^ "Norwegian Air to fly to Spain from four U.S. cities". usatoday.com. Retrieved March 8, 2017. 
  60. ^ "Norwegian launches Rome - US routes from Nov 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved July 27, 2017. 
  61. ^ "Sichuan adds Jinan – Los Angeles service from Dec 2016". routesonline. Retrieved November 1, 2016. 
  62. ^ Airlines, Singapore. "SIA To Expand U.S. Operations With Non-Stop San Francisco Flights And Second Daily Los Angeles Service". PR Newswire. 
  63. ^ a b c Liu, Jim. "Southwest schedules new Los Angeles – Mexico routes from Dec 2016". routesonline. 
  64. ^ "Tampa International adding flights to LA and Las Vegas". Tampa Bay Business Journal. November 29, 2017. 
  65. ^ "United Airlines Announces Nonstop Service Between Los Angeles and Singapore - Jun 1, 2017". Newsroom.united.com. Retrieved July 27, 2017. 
  66. ^ "United adds Los Angeles - Singapore nonstop service from Oct 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved July 27, 2017. 
  67. ^ a b c d "United continues domestic routes expansion in 2018". RoutesOnline. November 20, 2017. Retrieved November 20, 2017. 
  68. ^ "VivaAerobus open new route Guadalajara-Los Angeles" (in Spanish). El Financiero. June 2017. Retrieved June 21, 2017. 
  69. ^ "Volaris opens a flight Los Angeles-Acapulco: Astudillo" (in Spanish). Digital Guerrero. October 2017. Retrieved October 13, 2017. 
  70. ^ "Puerto Vallarta and Los Angeles will expand connections, inaugurate flight in November" (in Spanish). Generación Online. August 2017. Retrieved August 18, 2017. 
  71. ^ "Xiamen Airlines opens Qingdao – Los Angeles bookings from Dec 2017". routesonline. Retrieved June 19, 2017. 
  72. ^ "Our Stations «  AeroUnion". AeroUnion. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  73. ^ "News Content". Lawa.org. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  74. ^ "Air China Cargo Co., Ltd". Air China Cargo. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  75. ^ "Air China Cargo Co., Ltd". Air China Cargo. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  76. ^ a b "Aloha Air Cargo leasing an ABX Air freighter for LAX flights". ch-aviation. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  77. ^ "Welcome To Asiana Cargo". Asiana Cargo. 
  78. ^ "CARGOLUX AIRLINE Los Angeles CA, 90045 – Cortera Company Profile". Cortera. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  79. ^ "Cargolux Airlines International". Airport-LA. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  80. ^ "Cathay Pacific expands cargo presence in the Americas with new freighter service to Portland". Cathay Pacific. 
  81. ^ "Network – Cathay Pacific Cargo". Cathay Pacific Cargo. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  82. ^ "Centurion Cargo". Centurion Air Cargo. 
  83. ^ "China Airlines Cargo Services". China Airlines. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  84. ^ "China Airlines Cargo Services". China Airlines. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  85. ^ "China Airlines Service". China Airlines Cargo. 
  86. ^ "China Cargo Airlines in Los Angeles , CA". Yellow Pages. 
  87. ^ "China Southern Airline Cargo". Citysearch. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  88. ^ "Cargo-China Southern Airlines Co. Ltd csair.com". China Southern Airlines. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  89. ^ "China Southern Cargo". Sky Team Cargo. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. 
  90. ^ "Atlas Air Worldwide Holdings". Atlasair.com. September 18, 2015. Retrieved April 28, 2016. 
  91. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 19, 2015. Retrieved November 19, 2015. 
  92. ^ "Polar Air Cargo". Polar Air Cargo. September 18, 2015. Retrieved April 28, 2016. 
  93. ^ "Polar Air Cargo". Polar Air Cargo. September 18, 2015. Archived from the original on April 26, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2016. 
  94. ^ "Polar Air Cargo" (PDF). Polaraircargo.com. September 18, 2015. Retrieved April 28, 2016. 
  95. ^ "Media". Emirates SkyCargo. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  96. ^ "A-Z Air Freighters Guide – Emirates SkyCargo (EK/UAE/176)". Azfreighters.com. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  97. ^ "EVA Air Cargo". Eva Air Cargo. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  98. ^ "Korean Air cargo LAX 6101 W Imperial Hwy Los Angeles, CA Airline Companies". MapQuest. September 18, 2015. Retrieved April 28, 2016. 
  99. ^ "▒▒ Korean Air Cargo - To be a respected leader in the world airline community ▒▒". Cargo.koreanair.com. September 18, 2015. Retrieved April 28, 2016. 
  100. ^ "LUFTHANSA CARGO AG Los Angeles CA, 90045 – Cortera Company Profile". Cortera. April 25, 2016. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  101. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 19, 2015. Retrieved November 19, 2015. 
  102. ^ "Statistical Data - Air Cargo - Chubu Centrair International Airport, Nagoya". Centrair. 
  103. ^ "NCA – Nippon Cargo Airlines – Contact Us". Nippon Cargo Airlines. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  104. ^ "NCA – Nippon Cargo Airlines – Flight Schedule". Nippon Cargo Airlines. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  105. ^ "Qantas : Los Angeles Freight Terminal : Restrictions" (PDF). Qantas.org. September 18, 2015. Retrieved April 28, 2016. 
  106. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 2, 2015. Retrieved November 19, 2015. 
  107. ^ "Qatar Airways Cargo to launch service to Los Angeles". Air Logistics Group USA. July 6, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  108. ^ "Qatar Airways to launch freighter service to Los Angeles". joc.com. July 6, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  109. ^ "Qatar Airways Cargo to launch freighter services to LAX". L.A. Biz. March 18, 2015. 
  110. ^ "SINGAPORE AIRLINES CARGO FLIGHT SCHEDULES". 
  111. ^ "North Carolina's SkyLease Cargo applies for Hong Kong rights". ch-aviation. July 6, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  112. ^ "LAX Airport Information: General Information". Los Angeles World Airports. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  113. ^ Fine, Howard (November 26, 2001). "LAX Emerges As Worst U.S.: Airport Design Ill-Suited for New Security Screenings". Los Angeles Business Journal. Archived from the original on March 10, 2010. Retrieved September 26, 2010. 
  114. ^ "Calendar Year 2008 Commercial Service Airports Enplanement Statistics" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Retrieved February 28, 2010. 
  115. ^ "Passenger Traffic 2006 FINAL". Airports Council International. July 18, 2007. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved February 24, 2008. 
  116. ^ "Cargo Traffic 2006 FINAL". Airports Council International. July 18, 2007. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved February 24, 2008. 
  117. ^ Passenger Traffic 2006 FINAL from Airports Council International Archived April 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  118. ^ "U.S. International Travel and Transportation Trends, September 2006" (PDF). U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics. 2006. Retrieved February 24, 2008. 
  119. ^ "Year to date International Passenger Traffic". Airports Council International. July 12, 2010. Archived from the original on December 6, 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  120. ^ "LOS ANGELES INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT REPORTS 2011 PASSENGER LEVEL UP 4.7 PERCENT OVER 2010; AIR CARGO DOWN 3.8 PERCENT". Los Angeles World Airports (Press release). January 24, 2012. 
  121. ^ "2013 final". Aci.aero. Retrieved April 25, 2016. 
  122. ^ "Airport Information – Statistics". Los Angeles World Airports. Retrieved February 12, 2015. 
  123. ^ a b "RITA | BTS | Transtats". transtats.bts.gov. Retrieved December 15, 2017. 
  124. ^ "Bureau of Transportation Statistics". U.S. Department of Transportation. January 2017. Retrieved May 1, 2017. 
  125. ^ Nguyen, John (February 25, 2015). "LAX Just Got Better: Airside Connector to International Terminal Opens (Video)". Airline Reporter. Retrieved April 10, 2016. 
  126. ^ "Airport Shuttle Bus". China Airlines. March 15, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2016. 
  127. ^ "Airport Metro Connector" (PDF). LACMTA. August 2015. Retrieved February 2, 2016. 
  128. ^ Nelson, Laura J. (June 26, 2014). "Train station to connect Metro rail lines with LAX approved". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  129. ^ Weikel, Dan. "Light rail plan for Los Angeles International Airport advances". LA Times. LA Times. Retrieved December 18, 2012. 
  130. ^ LAWA Contract Manager
  131. ^ "Coast Guard's move to Point Mugu now permanent". 
  132. ^ Parker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, pp. 6, 17, 19, 26, 34, 48, 80, 91, 92, Cypress, CA, 2013. ISBN 978-0-9897906-0-4.
  133. ^ Parker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, pp. 11-25, Cypress, CA, 2013. ISBN 978-0-9897906-0-4.
  134. ^ "Flight Path Learning Center (official site)". Retrieved February 25, 2008. 
  135. ^ "About LAWA". Los Angeles World Airports. Retrieved on September 28, 2011. "Los Angeles International Airport 1 World Way, Los Angeles, CA 90045"
  136. ^ "Continental Airlines to Move Its Main Offices Here From Denver". Los Angeles Times. August 16, 1962. B11. Retrieved on January 24, 2010.
  137. ^ "AIRLINE OCCUPIES NEW HEADQUARTERS IN L.A." Los Angeles Times. September 15, 1963. Section J, page N6. Retrieved on January 24, 2010.
  138. ^ "Westchester – Mapping L.A." Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on March 19, 2010.
  139. ^ "The Company" (). Continental Airlines Magazine. July 2009. Retrieved on February 8, 2010.
  140. ^ "Insurer to Buy Continental Stock". Associated Press at Toledo Blade. Wednesday March 16, 1983. Page 4. Google News 3 of 52. Retrieved on August 22, 2009.
  141. ^ "World Airline Directory". Flight International. March 30, 1985. 131". Retrieved on June 17, 2009. "Head Office: PO Box 92005, World Way Postal Center, Los Angeles International Airport, Los Angeles 90009, United States".
  142. ^ "World Airline Directory". Flight International. March 30, 1985. 83". Retrieved on July 23, 2009. "7401 World Way West, Los Angeles International Airport, California 90009, United States"
  143. ^ All incidents listed here are in the Aviation Safety Network LAX database, unless otherwise noted.
  144. ^ Huston, John W., Major General, USAF, Ret., editor, "American Airpower Comes of Age: General Henry H. "Hap" Arnold's World War II Diaries; Volume 1", Air University Press, Maxwell AFB, Alabama, January 2002, Library of Congress card number 2001041259, ISBN 1-58566-093-0, page 88.
  145. ^ Matthews, Birch, "Cobra!: Bell Aircraft Corporation 1934–1946", Schiffer Publishing Limited, Atglen, Pennsylvania, 1996, Library of Congress card number 95-72357, ISBN 0-88740-911-3, pp.112–113.
  146. ^ Swanborough, Gordon, and Bowers, Peter M., "United States Navy Aircraft since 1911", Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, Maryland, 1976, Library of Congress card number 90-60097, ISBN 978-0-87021-792-0, pp.487.
  147. ^ Waag, Robert, "NA 73 – The Forgotten Mustang", Airpower, Granada Hills, California, November 1971, Volume 1, Number 2, p. 9.
  148. ^ Editors, "Mustang", Airpower, Granada Hills, California, July 1985, Volume 15, Number 4, p. 12.
  149. ^ Mizrahi, Joseph V., "Airmail", Wings, Granada Hills, California, December 1985, Volume 15, Number 6, p. 5.
  150. ^ "October 1944 USAAF Stateside Accident Reports". Aviationarchaeology.com. Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  151. ^ "P-51 Mustang". Ub88.org. Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  152. ^ Jonathan B. Tucker (2000). Toxic Terror: Assessing Terrorist Use of Chemical and Biological Weapons. MIT Press. p. 77. ISBN 978-0-262-70071-9. 
  153. ^ Federal Aviation Administration (February 1, 1991). "Lessons Learned". Lessonslearned.faa.gov. Retrieved February 28, 2017. 
  154. ^ "Runway collision of USAir Flight 1493, Boeing 737 and Skywest Flight 5569 FairChild Metroliner, Los Angeles International Airport, Los Angeles, California, February 1, 1991" (PDF). Fss.aero/accident-reports. Retrieved February 28, 2017. 
  155. ^ U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (February 2, 2010). "U.S. v. Ressam" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 4, 2012. Retrieved February 27, 2010. 
  156. ^ "Complaint; U.S. v. Ressam" (PDF). NEFA Foundation. December 1999. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 1, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2010. 
  157. ^ "Ressam Testimony in Mokhtar Haouari Trial". Southern District of New York. July 2001. Retrieved February 27, 2010. 
  158. ^ "Ahmed Ressam's Millennium Plot". Frontline. PBS. Retrieved February 28, 2010.  [sic]
  159. ^ "'Millennium bomber' sentence overturned; feds seek longer one – CNN.com". CNN. February 2, 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2010. 
  160. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas MD-83 N963AS Anacapa Island, California". Aviation Safety Network. July 26, 2004. Retrieved March 13, 2008. 
  161. ^ Feldman, Charles (September 5, 2008). "Federal investigators: L.A. airport shooting a terrorist act". CNN.com. Archived from the original on February 1, 2008. Retrieved March 13, 2008. 
  162. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Airbus A320-232 N536JB Los Angeles International Airport, California". Aviation Safety Network. October 7, 2005. Archived from the original on October 20, 2007. Retrieved March 13, 2008. 
  163. ^ Stuart, Pfeifer; Garvey, Megan; Morin, Monte (September 22, 2005). "Disabled Airliner Creates a 3-Hour Drama in Skies". Los Angeles Times. p. A1. 
  164. ^ "Third Annual Archie League Medal of Safety Award Winners: Michael Darling". NATCA. Archived from the original on July 2, 2007. Retrieved March 13, 2008. 
  165. ^ "NTSB incident report. NTSB identification OPS07IA009A". National Transportation Safety Board. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved March 13, 2008. 
  166. ^ Staff (September 2007). "Outgoing FAA Administrator Marion Blakey: LAX Must Address Runway Safety". Metro Investment Report. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. 
  167. ^ a b Alsup, Dave (October 16, 2013). "Police: Arrest made in Los Angeles airport dry ice explosion". CNN. Retrieved October 16, 2013. 
  168. ^ Abdollah, Tami (October 16, 2013). "AP Newsbreak: Arrest in LA airport ice explosions". Associated Press. Archived from the original on October 16, 2013. Retrieved October 16, 2013. 
  169. ^ Winton, Richard (October 16, 2013). "LAX dry ice explosions: Airport employee arrested in case". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 16, 2013. 
  170. ^ Abdollah, Tami (October 18, 2013). "Official: 2nd LAX worker also set off dry ice bomb". Associated Press. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved October 19, 2013. 
  171. ^ "TSA Agent Reported Shot at LAX; Major Police Response". KTLA TV. Retrieved November 1, 2013. 
  172. ^ "Passengers evacuated from terminal at Los Angeles International Airport after reports of gunshots". Fox News. Retrieved November 1, 2013. 
  173. ^ Helsel, Phil. "False Reports of Gunfire Cause Chaos at Los Angeles Airport". nbcnews.com. NBC News. Retrieved August 29, 2016. 
  174. ^ "Aeromexico plane collides with utility truck at LAX, injuring 8". BNO News. May 20, 2017. Retrieved May 20, 2017. 
  175. ^ "LAX Specific Plan Amendment" (PDF). Retrieved December 6, 2010. 
  176. ^ Russell, Edward (December 19, 2014). "America's second busiest airport LAX plans $5bn expansion". Flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on December 24, 2014. 
  177. ^ Weikel, Dan; Elmahrek, Adam (December 29, 2016). "LAX had a nightmarish holiday season of delays and gridlock. It's likely a preview of the airport's growing pains". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 30, 2016. 
  178. ^ Tony Barboza (January 22, 2007). "L.A. airports fly high with film shoots". Los Angeles Times. 

Further reading

  • Bullock, Freddy. LAX: Los Angeles International Airport (1998)
  • Schoneberger, William A., Ethel Pattison, and Lee Nichols. Los Angeles International Airport (Arcadia Publishing, 2009.)

External links

  • Los Angeles International Airport official website
  • LAneXt website
  • LAX Noise Management Internet Flight Tracking System
  • LAX Airport webcams, flight timetables & pilot data
  • FAA Airport Diagram (PDF), effective December 7, 2017
  • Los Angeles International Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Resources for this airport:
    • AirNav airport information for KLAX
    • ASN accident history for LAX
    • FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker
    • NOAA/NWS latest weather observations
    • SkyVector aeronautical chart for KLAX
    • FAA current LAX delay information
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Los_Angeles_International_Airport&oldid=815622806"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LAX
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Los Angeles International Airport"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA