László Kovács (cinematographer)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
László Kovács
László Kovács.jpg
Kovács in 2006
Born (1933-05-14)14 May 1933
Cece, Hungary
Died 22 July 2007(2007-07-22) (aged 74)
Beverly Hills, United States
Occupation Cinematographer
Years active 1964–2007

László Kovács A.S.C. (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈkovaːt͡ʃ ˈlaːsloː]; 14 May 1933 – 22 July 2007) was a Hungarian cinematographer who was influential in the development of American New Wave films in the 1970s, collaborating with directors like Peter Bogdanovich, Richard Rush, Dennis Hopper, Norman Jewison, and Martin Scorsese. Most famous for his award-winning work on Easy Rider (1969) and Five Easy Pieces (1970), Kovács was the recipient of numerous awards, including three Lifetime Achievement Awards. He was an active member of the American Society of Cinematographers and was member of the organization's board of directors.

Early life

Born in Cece, Hungary to Juliana and Imre Kovács,[1] Kovács studied cinema at the Academy of Drama and Film in Budapest between 1952 and 1956.[2] Together with Vilmos Zsigmond, a fellow student and lifelong friend, Kovács secretly filmed the day-to-day development of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 on black and white 35mm film, using an Arriflex camera borrowed from their school.[2][3] In November that year, they smuggled the 30,000 feet (9,100 m) of film into Austria to have it developed, and they arrived in the United States in March 1957 to sell the footage.[2][3] By that time, however, the revolution was no longer considered newsworthy and it was not until some years later, in 1961, that it was screened on the CBS television network, in a documentary narrated by Walter Cronkite.

Kovács decided to settle in the United States, becoming a naturalized citizen in 1963. He worked at several manual labor jobs, including making maple syrup and printing microfilm documents in an insurance office, before making several "no-budget" and "low-budget" films with Vilmos Zsigmond, including The Incredibly Strange Creatures Who Stopped Living and Became Mixed-Up Zombies.[4] At the time Kovács would be credited as Leslie Kovacs and Zsigmond as William Zsigmond.

Film career

Kovács' breakthrough came with the 1969 film Easy Rider, starring and directed by Dennis Hopper. Kovács was reluctant to work on this film at first, having already worked on a number of B movie biker films, such as Hells Angels on Wheels. Hopper ultimately convinced Kovács that this film would be different and Kovács signed on as the film's director of photography. He earned second place for the Best Cinematographer Golden Laurel at the 1970 Laurel Awards. In 1970, he again worked with Hopper on the film The Last Movie. That same year, Kovács filmed Five Easy Pieces, for which he received the third place Golden Laurel for Best Cinematographer.

Kovács filmed more than 70 motion pictures. Among these were six films for director Peter Bogdanovich: Targets, What's Up, Doc?, Paper Moon, At Long Last Love, Nickelodeon, and Mask. Bogdanovich worked with Kovács more times than any other cinematographer.[5]

Other notable films Kovács photographed include For Pete's Sake, Shampoo, New York, New York, Ghostbusters, Ruby Cairo, Say Anything, Radio Flyer, My Best Friend's Wedding, and Miss Congeniality. He also did additional photography on acclaimed, classic films like Close Encounters of the Third Kind and The Last Waltz.

When working on The Last Waltz, camera operators were instructed to turn their cameras off on different intervals, in order to save battery life. One of these instances was during Muddy Waters' set, but Waters's outstanding performance led director Martin Scorsese to spontaneously change his mind, and ordered all cameras to be turned on. Because the cameras took several minutes to fully warm up, most caught only the last few bars of Waters' performance. Kovács, however, either did not hear or disregarded orders to shut down his camera, and was the only cameraperson on set who managed to film Waters' entire performance.

Kovács' final work appears in Torn from the Flag, a 2006 feature documentary about the 1956 Hungarian Revolution which incorporates original footage he and Zsigmond shot as film students before fleeing to the United States.

Personal life

In July 2007, Kovács died in his sleep at his home in Beverly Hills, California. At the time, Kovacs had been married for 23 years to his wife, Audrey. He had two daughters, Julianna and Nadia, and a granddaughter, Mia.[5]

Awards and honors

In 1995 he was a member of the jury at the 19th Moscow International Film Festival.[6]

Kovács was honored with Lifetime Achievement Awards from Camerimage (1998), WorldFest (1999), and the American Society of Cinematographers (2002). The Lifetime Achievement Award from the ASC is the organization's highest honor. In addition, Kovács received an Excellence in Cinematography Award from the 1999 Hawaii International Film Festival and a Hollywood Film Award at the 2001 Hollywood Film Festival.

The American Society of Cinematographers dedicated the 2008 Heritage Award for top student filmmakers in memory of Kovács.[7]

The 2008 documentary film No Subtitles Necessary: Laszlo & Vilmos explores the 50-year friendship between Kovács and Zsigmond and their influence on filmmaking. Film critic Leonard Maltin said that, without Kovács and fellow cinematographer Zsigmond, "the American New Wave of the late 1960s and early ‘70s wouldn’t have flowered as it did."[8]

Filmography

1960s

Year Title Notes
1964 Kiss Me Quick! as Lester Kovacs
1965 The Wonderful World of Girls as Art Radford
National Geographic Specials Television documentary series
The March of Time Television documentary series
1966 Single Room Furnished as Leslie Kovacs
A Smell of Honey, a Swallow of Brine as Art Radford
The Notorious Daughter of Fanny Hill as Art Radford
1967 Hells Angels on Wheels
Mondo Mod Documentary film
1968 A Man Called Dagger
The Savage Seven
Psych-Out
Targets
Mantis in Lace as Leslie Kovacs
1969 Mark of the Gun
Blood of Dracula's Castle
Easy Rider Won
That Cold Day in the Park

1970s

Year Title Notes
1970 The Rebel Rousers
Getting Straight
Five Easy Pieces Won
Alex in Wonderland
1971 The Marriage of a Young Stockbroker
The Last Movie
Directed by John Ford Documentary film
1972 What's Up, Doc?
The King of Marvin Gardens
A Reflection of Fear
1973 Steelyard Blues
Slither
Paper Moon
1974 Huckleberry Finn
For Pete's Sake
Freebie and the Bean
1975 Shampoo
At Long Last Love
1976 Baby Blue Marine
Harry and Walter Go to New York
Nickelodeon
1977 New York, New York
1978 F.I.S.T.
Paradise Alley
1979 Butch and Sundance: The Early Days
1979 The Runner Stumbles

1980s

Year Title Notes
1980 Heart Beat
Inside Moves
1981 The Legend of the Lone Ranger
1982 Frances
The Toy
1984 Crackers
Ghostbusters
1985 Mask
1986 Legal Eagles
1988 Little Nikita
1989 Say Anything…

1990s

Year Title Notes
1991 Shattered
1992 Radio Flyer
Ruby Cairo
1994 The Next Karate Kid
The Scout
1995 Free Willy 2: The Adventure Home
Copycat
1996 Multiplicity
1997 My Best Friend's Wedding
1998 Jack Frost

2000s

Year Title Notes
2000 Return to Me
Miss Congeniality
2002 Two Weeks Notice
2007 Torn from the Flag Documentary film


References

  1. ^ "Laszlo Kovacs Biography (1933?-)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 2013-06-11. 
  2. ^ a b c Bob Fisher, "Laszlo Kovacs, ASC... It’s a Wonderful Life", ICG Magazine, International Cinemaographers Guils, December 1998
  3. ^ a b Schaefer, Dennis; Larry Salvato (1986). "Vilmos Zsigmond". Masters of Light: Conversations with Contemporary Cinematographers. University of California Press. p. 311. ISBN 978-0-520-05336-6. 
  4. ^ Ray Zone, New Wave King: The Cinematography of Laszlo Kovacs, ASC, ASC Holding Corp (2002), pp9-11, ISBN 0-935578-19-6
  5. ^ a b Dennis Mclellan (2007-07-24). "Laszlo Kovacs, 74; cinematographer shot key New Hollywood films such as `Easy Rider’". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. Archived from the original on 2013-01-27. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  6. ^ "19th Moscow International Film Festival (1995)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-03-22. Retrieved 2013-03-16. 
  7. ^ "ASC Dedicates 2008 Heritage Award to Kovacs", The American Society of Cinematographers Magazine, September 20, 2007, retrieved 2009-02-27
  8. ^ "Documentary About Kovacs And Zsigmond To Premiere At Cannes", The American Society of Cinematographers Magazine, May 8, 2008, retrieved 2009-02-27

Further reading

  • Ray Zone, New Wave King, The Cinematography of Laszlo Kovacs, ASC (2002), ASC Holding Corp., ISBN 0-935578-19-6
  • Masters of Light - Conversations with cinematographers (1984) Schaefer, S & Salvato, L., ISBN 0-520-05336-2

External links

  • László Kovács on IMDb
  • Brief biography and credits
  • László Kovács' work on Easy Rider
  • Cinematographer Laszlo Kovacs dies at 74 (2007) Carolyn Giardina, The Hollywood Reporter
  • László Kovács at the Internet Encyclopedia of Cinematographers
  • International Cinematographers' Guild Biography
  • No Subtitles Necessary: Laszlo & Vilmos. Independent Lens, PBS broadcast November 17, 2009.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=László_Kovács_(cinematographer)&oldid=798851865"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/László_Kovács_(cinematographer)
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "László Kovács (cinematographer)"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA