Kyuichi Tokuda

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Kyuichi Tokuda
TOKUDA Kyuichi.jpg
Portrait of Kyuichi Tokuda (ca. 1952)
Chair of the Japanese Communist Party
In office
1945–1953
Preceded by Toshihiko Sakai
Succeeded by Sanzo Nosaka
Personal details
Born (1894-09-12)September 12, 1894
Okinawa
Died October 14, 1953(1953-10-14) (aged 59)
China
Political party Japanese Communist Party

Kyuichi Tokuda (徳田 球一, Tokuda Kyūichi, September 12, 1894 - October 14, 1953)[1] was a Japanese politician and first chairman of the Japanese Communist Party from 1945 until his death in 1953.

Biography

Kyuichi Tokuda was born in 1894 in Okinawa. He became a lawyer following graduation from Nihon University in 1920.[1] He joined the Japanese Communist Party in 1922 and became a member of its Central Committee.[2]

He was arrested in March 1928 on suspicion of violating the Peace Preservation Law, and spent 18 years in prison. He was released in October 1945.[1][2] While in prison, he occupied a cell adjacent to fellow Communist leader Yoshio Shiga.[3] Upon his release, he was reportedly hoisted to the shoulders of a crowd of Communists and Koreans chanting anti-imperial messages.[4]

After World War II, he was elected to the House of Representatives in the general election of 1946. In 1948, he survived an assassination attempt by a dynamite-laden soda bottle thrown at his feet while he was giving a speech.[5] By 1950 he was considered the second-in-command of the JCP and a key supporter of party leader Sanzo Nosaka.[3] Along with other JCP leaders, he was purged from politics under the Allied occupation. He was later exiled to China, where he died in 1953.[1] During his last years in China, he led a "mainstream" faction of the JCP and organized violent operations in Japan.[6]

Works

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Tokuda, Kyuichi". www.ndl.go.jp. Retrieved 2017-04-17. 
  2. ^ a b Milorad M. Drachkovitch (December 1, 1986). Biographical Dictionary of the Comintern. Hoover Institution Press. pp. 472–473. 
  3. ^ a b "JAPAN: Red Schism". Time. 1950-05-08. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 2017-04-17. 
  4. ^ ""Remove Hirohito" Is Cry Of Freed Jap Communists". Toronto Daily Star. 1945-10-10. Retrieved 2017-04-17. 
  5. ^ "Pressure From Left Increases in Japan". The Lewiston Daily Sun. 1948-07-20. Retrieved 2017-04-17. 
  6. ^ Masaki, Nobuaki (2016-04-07). "Red-Baiting in 2016 – SNA Japan". shingetsunewsagency.com. Retrieved 2017-04-17. 

External links

  • Kyuichi Tokuda at Find a Grave
  • Fuchu Prison Exterior Shiga Yoshio previous release 球一 Tokuda 球一 addressed Tokuda (in Japanese). Wazee Digital Commerce. 10 October 1945. 
  • Fuchu Prison inmate Kyuichi Tokuda expresses joy at his release while former inmate Tosaji Obara, finance director of the Japan Holiness Church, says his religious beliefs were suppressed while he was incarcerated. (in Japanese). NHK. 7 November 1945. 
  • Leader of the Japanese Communist Party Kyuichi Tokuda appeals for the democratization of Japan. (in Japanese). NHK. November 22, 1945. 
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