Kyritz

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Saint Mary’s church
Kyritz
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Kyritz
Coat of arms
Kyritz is located in Germany
Kyritz
Kyritz
Location of Kyritz within Ostprignitz-Ruppin district
Kyritz in OPR.png
Coordinates: 52°57′00″N 12°24′00″E / 52.95000°N 12.40000°E / 52.95000; 12.40000Coordinates: 52°57′00″N 12°24′00″E / 52.95000°N 12.40000°E / 52.95000; 12.40000
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Ostprignitz-Ruppin
Government
 • Mayor Nora Görke (Ind.)
Area
 • Total 156.09 km2 (60.27 sq mi)
Elevation 42 m (138 ft)
Population (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total 9,375
 • Density 60/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 16866
Dialling codes 03 39 71
Vehicle registration OPR, KY, NP, WK
Website www.kyritz.de

Kyritz (German pronunciation: [ˈkyːʁɪts]) is a town in the Ostprignitz-Ruppin district, in Brandenburg, Germany. It is situated 28 km west of Neuruppin and 28 km southeast of Pritzwalk.

There are 9,900 inhabitants (2007).

Overview

The town is situated near the Kyritzer Seenkette, a chain of lakes. The town is nicknamed "Kyritz an der Knatter" (Kyritz at the Rattle). The noise of numerous water mills along a stream parallel to the river Jäglitz was the reason for this nickname. This river channel does not exist anymore.

The town includes the districts Berlitt, Bork, Drewen, Gantikow, Ganz, Holzhausen, Kötzlin, Lellichow, Mechow, Rehfeld and Teetz.

History

  • In the year 946 Kyritz was first mentioned in writing.
  • In the year 1225 a Franciscan friary was established here (dissolved in 1552)
  • In the year 1237 Kyritz (originally Chorizi) received the Stendal town right. The town is situated in the area Prignitz, Slavic pregynica (means "inaccessible woods").
  • In the 14th century Kyritz became a member of the Hanse. At this time the parish church St. Marien and the city wall were built. The church and rests of the city wall are still existing today.
  • In the year 1488 the first Kyritzer Beer named "Mord und Totschlag" (Murder and Manslaughter) was brewed. The Beer is still brewed in Neuzelle.
  • In 1600 count Hans Christoff von Königsmarck was born, a leading Swedish general in the Thirty Years' War who is most famous for conquering Prague in 1648.
  • In the year 1626 800 Kyritzer people died due to the bubonic plague.
  • In the 17th and 18th century half-timbered houses were built which still dominate the town center.
  • From 1806 to 1814 French occupation. In 1814 the "Peace oak" was planted which is still on the market place in front of the town hall.

Demography

Kyritz: Population development
within the current boundaries (2017)[2]
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1875 7,639 —    
1890 7,911 +0.23%
1910 7,960 +0.03%
1925 8,656 +0.56%
1933 8,820 +0.23%
1939 8,839 +0.04%
1946 13,437 +6.17%
1950 13,575 +0.26%
1964 11,653 −1.08%
1971 12,477 +0.98%
1981 12,076 −0.33%
1985 12,085 +0.02%
1989 11,885 −0.42%
1990 11,727 −1.33%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1991 11,477 −2.13%
1992 11,421 −0.49%
1993 11,612 +1.67%
1994 11,537 −0.65%
1995 11,442 −0.82%
1996 11,473 +0.27%
1997 11,407 −0.58%
1998 11,118 −2.53%
1999 11,077 −0.37%
2000 10,847 −2.08%
2001 10,721 −1.16%
2002 10,579 −1.32%
2003 10,427 −1.44%
2004 10,259 −1.61%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2005 10,158 −0.98%
2006 10,018 −1.38%
2007 9,901 −1.17%
2008 9,793 −1.09%
2009 9,681 −1.14%
2010 9,537 −1.49%
2011 9,303 −2.45%
2012 9,236 −0.72%
2013 9,152 −0.91%
2014 9,140 −0.13%
2015 9,100 −0.44%
2016 9,192 +1.01%
2017 9,375 +1.99%

Photogallery

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2017 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External links

Media related to Kyritz at Wikimedia Commons

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