Kyrgyz Braille

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Kyrgyz Braille
Type
alphabet
Languages Kyrgyz
Parent systems
Braille
Print basis
Kyrgyz alphabet

The braille alphabet used for the Kyrgyz language is based on Russian Braille, with a few additional letters found in the print Kyrgyz alphabet.

Alphabet

Kyrgyz Braille uses the entire Russian Braille alphabet, though some letters are only found in loans, and in addition has the letters ң, ө, ү.

Print а a б b в v г g д d е ye ё yo ж j з z и i[1] й y к k
Braille ⠁ (braille pattern dots-1) ⠃ (braille pattern dots-12) ⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456) ⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245) ⠙ (braille pattern dots-145) ⠑ (braille pattern dots-15) ⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠚ (braille pattern dots-245) ⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356) ⠊ (braille pattern dots-24) ⠯ (braille pattern dots-12346) ⠅ (braille pattern dots-13)
Print л l м m н n ң ng о o ө ö п p р r с s т t у u ү ü
Braille ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123) ⠍ (braille pattern dots-134) ⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456) ⠕ (braille pattern dots-135) ⠌ (braille pattern dots-34) ⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234) ⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235) ⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236)
Print ф f х kh ц ts ч ch ш sh щ shch ъ ы ı ь э e ю yu я ya
Braille ⠋ (braille pattern dots-124) ⠓ (braille pattern dots-125) ⠉ (braille pattern dots-14) ⠟ (braille pattern dots-12345) ⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠷ (braille pattern dots-12356) ⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346) ⠾ (braille pattern dots-23456) ⠪ (braille pattern dots-246) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠫ (braille pattern dots-1246)

Although the non-Russian letters ң ө ү are found in many other Cyrillic alphabets, their braille assignments are unrelated to those or with international norms.[2] Compare the ң, ө, ү of Kazakh Braille, for example.

Punctuation

The question mark differs from Russian Braille.

Single punctuation:

Print , . ? ! ; : -
Braille ⠂ (braille pattern dots-2) ⠲ (braille pattern dots-256) ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠖ (braille pattern dots-235) ⠆ (braille pattern dots-23) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠤ (braille pattern dots-36)

Paired punctuation:

Print « ...... » ( ...... )
Braille ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236)⠀ (braille pattern blank)⠴ (braille pattern dots-356) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356)⠀ (braille pattern blank)⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356)

Formatting

italics capital number
⠸ (braille pattern dots-456) ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46) ⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456)

See also

References

  1. ^ Unesco (2013) has an apparent copy error for и, , which duplicates the Kyrgyz Braille colon.
  2. ^ Though perhaps just coincidence, the letter ү may be an exception, as it somewhat resembles a Latin v and is written as a v in braille.
  • UNESCO (2013) World Braille Usage, 3rd edition.
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