Kuwait Air Force

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Kuwait Air Force
al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Kuwaitiya
Roundel of Kuwait.svg
Kuwait Air Force roundel
Active 1953; 64 years ago (1953)
Country  Kuwait
Branch Kuwait Armed Forces
Type Air force
Role Aerial warfare
Size Approx. 5,000 personnel
Garrison/HQ Abdullah Al-Mubarak Air Base
Motto(s) الله والوطن والامير
God, Country & The Emir
Colors Green & Red
Anniversaries National and Liberation Day (25 and 26 February)
Engagements
Commanders
Assistant Chief Combat Commander of Kuwait Air Force Kuwait Air Force Commander
Aircraft flown
Fighter F/A-18 Hornet
Helicopter AH-64 Apache
Aerospatiale SA-342
Trainer Short Tucano, BAE Hawk
Transport C-17 Globemaster III
Lockheed L-100 Hercules
Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma
KC-130J

The Kuwait Air Force (Arabic: القوات الجوية الكويتية Trans: al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Kuwaitiya) is the air arm of the Armed Forces of Kuwait. The Air Force headquarters is located at Abdullah Al-Mubarak Air Base, with the remaining forces stationed at Air Defense Brigades, Ali Al Salem Air Base and Ahmad al-Jaber Air Base. The Kuwait Air Force numbers approximately 5,000 officers and enlisted personnel.

History

The Kuwait Air Force was founded in 1953 by Field Marshal Sheikh Abdullah Mubarak Al-Sabah when the Directorate of Public Security Force split from the Kuwaiti Army; the new force was equipped with a number of Austers in different configurations and two de Havilland DH.104 Doves.[citation needed]

The Kuwait Air Force was expanded concurrently with the course of the British intervention during Operation Vantage that deterred Iraq from annexing Kuwait as one of its provinces. The first aircraft to enter KAF service were four Whirlwind helicopters and six BAC/Hunting Jet Provost T.51s. This support from the UK would remain in place for a long time and 1964 was known for the arrival of the first Hawker Hunters. These would later be joined by more examples in 1969. Two de Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou transports arrived in 1963. The transport capacity would later be improved by the acquisition of an ex-RAF Armstrong Whitworth AW.660 Argosy in 1969 and later, in 1971, by two Lockheed L-100-20 Hercules.

Kuwait Air Force English Electric Lightning F.53 before delivery in June 1969

In the meantime the fighter force was given a boost by the procurement of 14 English Electric Lightnings that were delivered in the late 1960s. Twelve BAC Strikemasters were delivered in 1969.

Between 1968 and 1977 two Bell 206s operated in KAF service and from November 1969, eight Augusta Bell 205s were delivered, replacing the aging Whirlwinds. Only five years after the delivery of the Lightnings, the KAF decided it needed an aircraft with better serviceability; it had been using the Hunters and the Strikemasters in the interceptor and ground strike role, rather than the Lightnings. Finally in 1974 the Mirage F1 was selected as the new air defence fighter and a total of 27 Mirage F1CKs and seven Mirage F1BKs were ordered and delivered in two separate batches until 1983. The ground strike role would be filled in by the total of 36 Douglas (T)A-4KU Skyhawks that were ordered in 1974 and delivered during 1977. In addition, 24 SNIAS SA-342K Gazelles were delivered during the mid-1970s and 4 were subsequently passed on to the Police Air Wing. Four L-100-30 Hercules transport aircraft were delivered in 1983, replacing the shorter L-100-20 version of which only one survived (the other crashed in France). Also in 1983, twelve Hawk T64s were ordered to fill the gap that the KAF had in training capacity. In 1988 the Air Force was named al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Kuwaitiya (Kuwait Air Force). The lead-in-fighter-trainer that was selected, the Shorts Tucano T.52, would only be delivered in 1995. They were earmarked for delivery in 1990 but due to the outbreak of the Gulf War, deliveries were postponed.

Iraqi invasion

The delay in Iraqi air attacks allowed the Kuwaiti planes to get airborne. Kuwaiti A-4 attacked Republican Guard divisions still moving toward Kuwait City.

The initial Iraqi attack on al-Jaber closed the runways due to presence of air scattered mines. The returning Mirage F-1 and A-4 landed and were serviced on the perimeter fence road. Only when Iraqi troops were right next to the base did attack sorties stop.

Coalition forces heavily bombed the two Kuwait air bases, reducing most of the facilities to rubble and destroying nearly all of the 50 hardened aircraft shelters. Coalition cluster bombs cratered the taxiways and the Iraqis had run a ripper across the runways every 200 feet to make them unusable.

Post Gulf War

In the immediate postwar air force staff was 1,000, with 34 combat aircraft and 12 armed helicopters. In two years staff numbered about 2,500, with 74 combat aircraft, including McDonnell Douglas A-4s and F-18s, and 20 armed helicopters. Four batteries of I-Hawk medium-range SAMs and most of the fleet of transport aircraft had been impounded by Iraq

After the Gulf War, the KAF underwent a reorganization, growing in quantity and quality:

  • Douglas A-4 Skyhawks and Dassault Mirage F1s were soon phased out in favour of the McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet. Forty Hornets, 32 F/A-18Cs and 8 F/A-18Ds, ordered before the Iraqi invasion, joined 9th Squadron and 25th Squadron from Ahmad al-Jaber.
  • The first six of sixteen AH-64D Apache Longbow attack helicopters were handed over to the Kuwait Air Force on 3 February 2006. The remaining ten aircraft were delivered thereafter. All the helicopters are pre-configured to carry the AN/APG-78 Longbow radar kits.
  • Six Patriot antiballistic missile SAM firing units and six batteries of Hawk SAMs were purchased.
  • Air force engaged in extensive joint training with allies.

Tanker and cargo plane programs

Lockheed Martin has received a $245 million contract from the U.S. Government for the Foreign Military Sale of 3 KC-130J tanker aircraft to Kuwait with an option for 3 more. The program will be managed by the U.S. Navy. The Kuwait Air Force's new KC-130Js will provide aerial refueling for its F/A-18 fleet and augment its current airlift fleet of three Lockheed Martin L-100s. Kuwait's KC-130Js also will perform air mobility, disaster relief and humanitarian missions throughout the world. Kuwait's first KC-130J delivery is scheduled for late 2013, with deliveries completed in early 2014. Using only wing and external tanks.[1] In September 2010, Kuwait requested to purchase one Boeing C-17 followed shortly with an order for one more.[2]

Air Defense program

The U.S. approved the foreign sale of (PAC-3) missiles, 20 launching stations, four radar systems and control stations, personnel training and training equipment, and spare parts to Kuwait in a deal worth an estimated $4.2 billion, The U.S. Department of Defense awarded Raytheon a $655.4 million, took the form of a firm-fixed-price, sole-source, foreign military sales contract to supply to the Kuwaiti military two PATRIOT fire units, plus associated spare parts. Delivery of the units is expected to take place by April 30, 2018, in June 23, 2016 Raytheon was awarded a $523 million fixed-price-incentive contract to modernize six Patriot fire units in Kuwait, the Defense Department spokesman said.

Transport and Attack helicopter program

Kuwait purchased 16 AH-64D Apache Longbow attack helicopters and 30 EC725 Caracal transport helicopters, 24 for the Air Force and 6 for the National Guard. The purchase is motivated by concerns about potential terrorist or foreign attacks. EC725 Caracal fleet will be used for combat search-and-rescue, naval operations, medical evacuation and military transportation and will be operated by the Kuwait Air Force and National Guard.

New combat fighters

On September 12, 2015, the Eurofighter consortium revealed that the Eurofighter Typhoon had been selected by Kuwait to update its fleet with 28 new fighter jets. On September 2016, it was also announced that the sale of up to 40 Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet had been submitted to the US Congress for approval.[3] Deal for 40 planes valued at $10.1 billion (USD) was signed off on November 2016.[4] It seems there is closed order for 28 Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornets to Kuwait, with an option of up to 16 more.

Structure

Base Name Function Subsidiary Components Note
Abdullah Al-Mubarak Air Base 41st Transport Sqd L-100-30 Hercules

42nd Transport Sqd Lockheed Martin KC-130J

42nd Transport Sqd Boeing C-17 Globemaster III

Ali Al Salem Air Base Flying School
Air Search and Rescue Combat Wing
12th Training Sqd BAE Hawk MK.64
19th Training Sqd Shorts Tucano MK.52
88th Training Sqd SA-342K Gazelle
62nd Helicopter Sqd SA-330H Puma
32nd Helicopter Sqd AS-332M Super Puma
33rd Helicopter Sqd SA-342K Gazelle
17th Attack Sqd″Night Wolf″ AH-64D Longbow Apache
20th "The Dark Knights" Attack Sqd AH-64D Longbow Apache
Ahmad al-Jaber Air Base Air Combat Squadrons 9th Fighter Sqd F/A-18 Hornet C/D
25th Fighter Sqd F/A-18 Hornet C/D

61st Training Sqd F/A-18 Hornet C/D

Air Defense Brigades Air Combat

Aircraft

Current inventory

A Kuwaiti F/A-18C Hornet in 1993
A Super Puma, helicopter drops off troops during Operation Eagle
Kuwait Air Force Lockheed Hercules transport aircraft in 1999
Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes
Combat Aircraft
Boeing F/A-18 United States multirole F/A-18C 27[5]
Eurofighter Typhoon European Union multirole Tranche 3A 22 on order[6]
Tanker
KC-130 Hercules United States aerial refueling / transport KC-130J 3[5]
Transport
Boeing C-17A United States heavy transport 2[5]
L-100 Hercules United States tactical transport 3[5]
Helicopters
Sikorsky S-92 United States VIP 2[5]
Boeing AH-64 United States attack AH-64D 16[5]
Eurocopter AS332 France transport / utility 5[5]
Aérospatiale SA330 France transport / utility 6[5]
Aérospatiale SA342 France scout / anti-armor 14[5]
Airbus H225M France utility / transport 30 on order[5]
Trainer Aircraft
F/A-18 United States conversion trainer F/A-18D 7[5]
BAE Hawk United Kingdom primary trainer Hawk 64 9[5]
Short Tucano United Kingdom trainer Tucano 52 12[5] licence-built variant of the EMB-312
Eurofighter Typhoon European Union conversion trainer Tranche 3A 6 on order[5]

Air Defence

Name Origin Type In service[7] Notes
Air Defence Systems
MIM-104 Patriot United States SAM system 6 bty + 2 Kuwait operates 6 Patriot batteries, using the GEM-T missiles.

in 2014 Kuwait ordered 2 extra PAC-3 fire unit systems, contract to be executed by April 2018.

in 2016 Kuwait signed a $523 million contract for the modernization of six fire units to Configuration 3+ standard, with a completion date set for around March 2022.

Improved Hawk United States SAM system 24
Skyguard Germany/

Italy

SAM system 6 bty Each battery consists of, two to three 4-cell missile launchers and two twin-barrel 35mm guns. Kuwaiti Skyguard battery fires Aspide-2000 missiles
KLASS aerostat United States air surveilance system 1 Kuwait uses a specially modified TCOM Strategic Class of aerostat system named KLASS
Starburst United Kingdom SAM system 42
GDF-005 amoun Germany/

Switzerland

anti-aircraft gun 12

Part of Munitions

Name Type Versions Notes
AGM-65 Maverick Air-to-surface missile Precision-guided munition AGM-65G in service
AGM-88 HARM Air-to-surface missile Anti-radiation missile in service
AGM-84 Air-to-surface missile Anti-ship missile in service
Mark 80 series General-purpose bomb / Laser-guided bomb mostly fitted with JDAM kits
Paveway II Laser-guided bomb Various sizes mostly 500lb GBU-12 Paveway II
AIM-9 Sidewinder Short-range Air-to-air missile AIM-9L / AIM-9M / AIM-9X / AIM-9X Block II in service
AIM-7 Sparrow Medium-range Air-to-air missile AIM-7F in service
AIM-120 AMRAAM AMRAAM Air-to-air missile AIM-120C-5 / AIM-120C-7 in service
HOT (missile) Guided Anti-tank missile HOT / HOT-2 in service
AGM-114 Hellfire Guided Anti-tank missile AGM-114K / AGM-114L in service
Exocet Anti-ship missile AM39 in service, more on order
Meteor (missile) BVRAAM Air-to-air missile on order ( Typhoon Package )
ASRAAM Short-range Air-to-air missile on order ( Typhoon Package )
IRIS-T Short-range Air-to-air missile on order ( Typhoon Package )
Paveway IV Precision-guided munition on order ( Typhoon Package )
Brimstone 2 Air-to-surface missile Precision-guided munition on order ( Typhoon Package )
Matra Super 530 short to medium-range air-to-air missile. retired with Mirage F1
R.550 Magic short-range air-to-air missile. Magic I / Magic II retired with Mirage F1

Ranks of the Kuwait Air Force

Air Officer Corps

Company-grade officers Field-grade officers General officers
Lieutenant
(LT)
First Lieutenant
(1st LT)
Captain
(CAPT)
Major
(MAJ)
Lieutenant Colonel
(LT.COL)
Colonel
(COL)
Brigadier general
(B.GEN)
Major general
(MAJ.GEN)
Lieutenant general
(LT.GEN)
General
(GEN)
O-1 O-2 O-3 O-4 O-5 O-6 O-7 O-8 O-9 O-10
One Star
(Arabic: ملازم‎)
Two Stars
(Arabic: ملازم أول‎)
Three Stars
(Arabic: نقيب‎)
Crown
(Arabic: رائد‎)
Crown & Star
(Arabic: مقدم‎)
Crown & Two Stars
(Arabic: عقيد‎)
Crown & Three Stars
(Arabic: عميد‎)
Crown & Two Crossed Arabian Swords
(Arabic: لواء‎)
Crown, Star & Two Crossed Arabian Swords
(Arabic: فريق‎)
Crown, Two Stars & Two Crossed Arabian Swords
(Arabic: فريق أول‎)

Air Enlisted Corps

Junior enlisted Non-commissioned Officers (NCOs) Warrant Officers (WOs)
Private
(PVT)
Private first class
(PFC)
Corporal
(CPL)
Sergeant
(SGT)
Staff Sergeant
(SSGT)
Warrant Officer
(WO)
Chief Warrant Officer
(CWO)
E-1 E-2 E-3 E-4 E-5 WO CWO
No Chevron
Regular Airman
One Chevron
(Arabic: وكيل عريف ‎)
Two Chevrons
(Arabic: عريف‎)
Three Chevrons
(Arabic: رقيب‎)
Three Chevrons with circle closing stripe
(Arabic: رقيب أول‎)
One Star centered with Coat of Arms of the Emir of Kuwait
(Arabic: وكيل ضابط ‎)
Two Stars centered with Coat of Arms of the Emir of Kuwait
(Arabic: وكيل أول ضابط‎)

See also

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 July 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  2. ^ Trimble, Stephen (28 September 2010). "Kuwait requests possible C-17 buy". Flight International. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  3. ^ "Fighter Jet Sales to Gulf Allies Backed by U.S. After a Wait". Bloomberg. 29 September 2016. Retrieved 29 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "Qatar and Kuwait fighter deals signed off". Combat Aircraft. 18 November 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "World Air Forces 2017". Flightglobal Insight. 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  6. ^ "Kuwait places order for 28 Typhoons". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  7. ^ "Arms Transfers Database". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Retrieved 12 April 2016. 

External links

  • UNIKOM
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