Kuhl's lorikeet

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Kuhl's lorikeet
Vini kuhlii -painting by Edward Lear-4c.jpg
A lithograph by Edward Lear
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Superfamily: Psittacoidea
Family: Psittaculidae
Subfamily: Loriinae
Tribe: Loriini
Genus: Vini
Species: V. kuhlii
Binomial name
Vini kuhlii
(Vigors, 1824)
Synonyms

Coriphilus kuhli (lapsus)
Coriphilus kuhlii

Kuhl's lorikeet (Vini kuhlii), also called Rimatara lorikeet, Rimitara lorikeet, Kuhl's lory, or kura, is a species of lorikeet in the family Psittaculidae. It is one of several species of Vini lorikeets found in islands ranging across the South Pacific. The Kuhl for whom Nicholas Aylward Vigors named the bird in 1824 was Heinrich Kuhl, a German ornithologist whose survey of the parrots, Conspectus psittacorum, had appeared in 1819.

Description

It is a fast flying lorikeet with vibrant plumage; a green back, wings and crown, a blue nape and legs and bright red undersides and cheeks.

Habitat

The Kuhl's lorikeet's habitat is natural tropical moist lowland forests and plantations. Like all Vini lorikeets it is a nectarivore, and has a brushy tongue to acquire the nectar. In islands denuded of native forests and covered with extensive coconut plantations it is found exclusively in those areas. It was once present in the Cook Islands but is now restricted to islands of French Polynesia (Tubuai and Rimatara) and has been introduced in Kiribati.

Status and conservation

Studies of fossils have shown that it once had a widespread distribution from the Cook Islands to French Polynesia. Its range contracted greatly after the arrival of humans, until the only surviving natural population was on Rimatara in the Tubuai Islands. Like many island species, Kuhl's lorikeet is threatened by introduced black rats. Its colourful feathers have also meant that the species was regularly hunted. The species was also introduced to several islands in Kiribati. The last native population was protected by a tapu or taboo by Queen Tamaeva V of Rimatara around 1900. In 2007 a population was reintroduced to the black-rat-free island of Atiu in the Cook Islands by the Cook Islands Natural Heritage Trust and numerous conservation bodies, including the San Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research. In 2008, the introduced population was found to be reproducing.

References

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Vini kuhlii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T22684630A93038207. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22684630A93038207.en. Retrieved 16 April 2017. 
  • Birdlife International 2007. Saved by one Queen and brought home by another: Rimatara Lorikeet returns to the Cook Islands Downloaded on 27 September 2007
  • Chong F, Kape J. (2010). "'Ia ora te 'Ura! Vive le 'Ura! 'Ura, un tres bel oiseau endemique de Rimatara menace", Bulletin de la Societe des Etudes oceaniennes, (319): 10-33.
  • McCormack, G. (2008). "The Rimatara Lorikeet or Kura in Atiu (Cook Islands): First Annual Report". pdf.
  • Steadman, David W. (15 October 2006). Extinction and Biogeography of Tropical Pacific Birds. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-77142-7. 

External links

  • BirdLife Species Factsheet.
  • Photograph of a Rimatara Lorikeet
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