Kronos Quartet discography

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Kronos Quartet discography
Kronos quartet in warszawa.jpg
Kronos Quartet live in Warsaw, Poland. Photograph by Henryk Kotowski.
Studio albums 43
Compilation albums 2
Video albums 3
Soundtrack albums 5
Contributions 29

The discography of the Kronos Quartet includes 43 studio albums, two compilations, five soundtracks, and 29 contributions to other artists' records. The Kronos Quartet plays classical, pop, rock, jazz, folk, world and contemporary classical music (often written especially for them by for instance Philip Glass, Terry Riley, Alexandra Vrebalov, ...) and was founded in 1973 by violinist David Harrington. Since 1978, they are based in San Francisco, California. Since 1985, the quartet's music has been released on Nonesuch Records.

Early recordings by the quartet contain contemporary classical music and adaptations of more popular music, such as jazz and rock and roll. Since the 1980s, and especially with the release of Cadenza on the Night Plain, written as a collaboration between composer Terry Riley and the quartet, much of the quartet's repertoire and album releases contain music written especially for them, by composers such as Terry Riley, Kevin Volans, Henryk Górecki, and Ástor Piazzolla. Their music "covers a who's who of 20th century-composers", as one critic noted in 1998.[1]

Kronos has recorded five soundtracks including the 1998 score by Philip Glass for the 1931 silent movie Dracula, and has contributed to the soundtracks of five other movies, including Heat and 21 Grams. Outside the genre of classical music, Kronos has collaborated with a great number of other artists, especially pop artists, such as Joan Armatrading, Dave Matthews Band, Andy Summers, Nelly Furtado, and Nine Inch Nails.

The quartet has achieved considerable commercial and critical success and by 1998 (the year of the quartet's 25th anniversary) had sold more than 1.5 million albums.[2] Many of Kronos' albums have ranked on various Billboard charts;[3] the 1992 album Pieces of Africa reached #1 in the Top World Albums chart.[4] The quartet won a Grammy for the 2003 album Lyric Suite.

Studio albums

Year Album details Notes
1979 Music of Dane Rudhyar
  • Their first release; includes two string quartets, "Advent" and "Crisis and Overcoming"
1982 In Formation
  • Released: 1982
  • Label: Reference (#9)
  • Format: LP; CD
  • "In imaging, transient accuracy and timbre, one of the finest string quartet discs ever issued."[5]
1985 Monk Suite: Kronos Quartet Plays Music of Thelonious Monk
  • Released: 1985
  • Label: Landmark (#1505)
  • Format: LP, CD, MP3
1985 Terry Riley: Cadenza on the Night Plain
  • Released: 1985
  • Label: Gramavision R2 79444
  • Format: 2LP, CD
  • Collaboration between composer Terry Riley and the Quartet.[9] "Charming music that grows on one, in really committed performances."[10] Rereleased on CD (Gramavision #18-7014-2), August 1, 1992; rereleased on CD (Hanibal #1509), January 31, 2006.
1986 Music of Bill Evans
  • Released: 1986
  • Label: Landmark (#1510), Savoy (#17405)
  • Format: LP, CD
1986 Kronos Quartet
  • Released: August 15, 1986
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79111)
  • Format: LP, CD, MP3
1987 White Man Sleeps
  • Released: July 15, 1987
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79163)
  • Format: LP, CD, MP3
1988 Winter Was Hard
  • Released: September 30, 1988
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79181)
  • Format: LP, CD, MP3
1989 Steve Reich: Different Trains/Electric Counterpoint
  • Released: March 3, 1989
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79176)
  • Format: LP, CD, MP3
  • Two Steve Reich compositions. Kronos Quartet play tracks 1–3 (Different Trains); Pat Metheny (guitar) plays tracks 4–6 (Electric Counterpoint). Different Trains written for the quartet.[18] Listed at #16 in the Los Angeles Times Classical Top 25 of 1989.[17] Reich won the Grammy for Best Contemporary Composition, with Kronos Quartet as performing artist.[19]
1989 Kronos Quartet Plays Terry Riley: Salome Dances for Peace
  • Released: October 27, 1989
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79127)
  • Format: 2LP, 2CD, MP3
  • Collaboration between the composer and the quartet,[9] nominated for a Grammy.[20]
1990 Black Angels
  • Released: June 29, 1990
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79242)
  • Format: LP, CD, MP3
1991 Witold Lutosławski: String Quartet
  • Released: January 25, 1991
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79255)
  • Format: CD single, MP3
1991 Kevin Volans: Hunting:Gathering
  • Released: January 27, 1991
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79253)
  • Format: CD single, MP3
1991 Five Tango Sensations
  • Released: January 25, 1991
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79254)
  • Format: CD, MP3
1991 Henryk Mikolaj Górecki: Already It Is Dusk/"Lerchenmusik"
  • Released: May 28, 1991
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79257)
  • Format: CD
  • Two compositions by Polish composer Henryk Mikolaj Górecki. "Already It Is Dusk" (String Quartet No. 1, Op. 62, 1988) played by Kronos Quartet; "Lerchenmusik" (Recitatives & Ariosos, Op. 53, for Clarinet, Cello, and Piano, 1984) by the London Sinfonietta.
1991 Music of Claude Ballif
  • Released: 1991
  • Label: Adda MFA 581283
  • Format: CD
  • Quatuor a cordes No. 3
1992 Pieces of Africa
  • Released: February 21, 1992
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79275)
  • Format: CD, MP3
  • Music written for the quartet by seven African composers.[7][27][28] Reached #1 in Billboard's "Top World Albums", and spent 29 weeks on the chart.[4]
1993 Short Stories
  • Released: March 5, 1993
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79310)
  • Format: CD, MP3
1993 Henryk Górecki: String Quartets Nos. 1 and 2
  • Released: June 25, 1993
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79319)
  • Format: CD, MP3
1993 At the Grave of Richard Wagner
  • Released: September 24, 1993
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79318)
  • Format: CD, MP3
1993 Morton Feldman: Piano and String Quartet
  • Released: September 24, 1993
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79320)
  • Format: CD, MP3
1993 Bob Ostertag: All the Rage
  • Released: October 22, 1993
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79332)
  • Format: CD single, MP3
1994 Night Prayers
  • Released: September 2, 1994
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79346)
  • Format: CD, MP3
1995 Kronos Quartet Performs Philip Glass
  • Released: February 3, 1995
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79356)
  • Format: CD, MP3
  • "An ideal combination of composer and performers."[37] Reached #9 in Billboard's "Top Classical Albums,"[38] and spent 12 weeks on the "Billboard Classical 50" chart.[39]
1996 Howl, USA
  • Released: May 31, 1996
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79372)
  • Format: CD, MP3
1997 Osvaldo Golijov: The Dreams and Prayers of Isaac the Blind
  • Released: March 14, 1997
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79444)
  • Format: CD, MP3
1997 Tan Dun: Ghost Opera
  • Released: March 14, 1997
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79445)
  • Format: CD, MP3
1997 Early Music (Lachrymæ Antiquæ)
  • Released: September 12, 1997
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79457)
  • Format: CD, MP3
1998 Kronos Quartet Performs Alfred Schnittke: The Complete String Quartets
  • Released: May 15, 1998
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79500)
  • Format: 2CD, MP3
  • "Kronos can play like demons."[44]
1998 John Adams: John's Book of Alleged Dances
  • Released: April 21, 1998
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79465)
  • Format: CD, MP3
2000 Caravan
  • Released: April 7, 2000
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79490)
  • Format: CD, MP3
2001 Terry Riley: Requiem for Adam
  • Released: September 4, 2001
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79639)
  • Format: CD, MP3
  • Written by Terry Riley in memory of Adam Harrington, David Harrington's son. Also includes "The Philosopher's Hand", piano improvisation by Riley.
2001 Steve Reich: Triple Quartet
  • Released: October 16, 2001
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79546)
  • Format: CD, MP3
2002 Nuevo
  • Released: April 9, 2002
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79649)
  • Format: CD, MP3
  • Music by Mexican composers: "A full-throttled celebration of the multitextured sounds of Mexico."[47] Reached #8 in Billboard's "Top Classical Crossover Albums" and stayed on the chart for 14 weeks.[48]
2003 Pēteris Vasks: String Quartet No. 4
  • Released: August 19, 2003
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79695)
  • Format: CD single, MP3
  • Written by Latvian composer Pēteris Vasks for the quartet;[49][50][51] achieves "both feverish intensity and active rumination as the piece requires."[52]
2003 Alban Berg: Lyric Suite
  • Released: August 19, 2003
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79696)
  • Format: CD single, MP3
2003 Harry Partch: U.S. Highball
  • Released: August 19, 2003
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79697)
  • Format: CD single, MP3
2005 Mugam Sayagi: Music of Franghiz Ali-Zadeh
  • Released: January 11, 2005
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79804)
  • Format: CD, MP3
  • Four works by the Azerbaijani composer Franghiz Ali-Zadeh, three of which ("Oasis" (1998), "Apsheron Quintet" (2001), and "Mugam Sayagi" (1993)) commissioned by the Quartet. Fourth track is Ali-Zadeh's "Music for Piano", which is performed by the composer, who also plays piano on "Apsheron Quintet." Reached #14 in Billboard's "Top Classical Albums."[55]
2005 You've Stolen My Heart: Songs From R.D. Burman's Bollywood with Asha Bhosle
  • Released: August 23, 2005
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79856)
  • Format: CD, MP3
2007 Henryk Górecki: String Quartet No. 3 ('...songs are sung')
  • Released: March 20, 2007
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79993)
  • Format: CD, MP3
  • "Editor's Choice" for Strings magazine: "a solemn, spiritual, and revolutionary work."[60] Entered at #6 in Billboard's "Top Classical Albums" on March 30, 2007.[61]
2007 Kronos Quartet Plays Sigur Rós
  • Released: September 4, 2007
  • Label: Nonesuch (#307452)
  • Format: MP3
2008 Terry Riley: The Cusp of Magic
  • Released: February 4, 2008
  • Label: Nonesuch (#360508)
  • Format: CD, MP3
*Written for the quartet, with Wu Man (pipa).[63] Reached #3 in Billboard's "Top Classical Albums" and stayed on the chart for 10 weeks.[64]
2008 Kronos plays Pelle Gudmundsen-Holmgreen
  • Released: 2008
  • Label: Dacapo #6.220548
  • Format: CD
  • Concerto Grosso, for string quartet and symphonic ensemble
  • Moving Still, for baritone and string quartet
  • String Quartet No. 9, Last Ground, for string quartet and ocean
2009 Floodplain
  • Released: May 19, 2009
  • Label: Nonesuch (#518349)
  • Format: CD, MP3
Music written or arranged for the quartet, "from cultures based in areas surrounded by water and prone to catastrophic flooding."[65] Includes long piece by Serbian composer Aleksandra Vrebalov.
2010 Rainbow: Music of Central Asia Vol. 8
  • Released: 2010
  • Label: Smithsonian Folkways 40527
  • Format: CD, MP3
With Alim and Fargana Qasimov (tracks 2-6) and Homayun Sakhi (track 1)
2011 Uniko
  • Released: February 1, 2011
  • Label: Ondine (ODE 1185-2)
  • Format: CD, MP3
Features Kronos Quartet, Finnish accordionist Kimmo Pohjonen and Samuli Kosminen (live electronics).[66] Seven-part suite for string quartet, accordion and live electronics composed by Pohjonen and Kosminen.
2012 Music of Vladimir Martynov
  • Released: 2012
  • Label: Nonesuch #529776-2
  • Format: CD
  • The Beatitudes (1998; rescored for Kronos 2006
  • Schubert-Quintet (Unfinished) (2009), with special guest, Joan Jeanrenaud
  • Der Abschied (2006)
2013 Under 30 Project: 1-4
  • Released: April 24, 2013
  • Label: Digital only #KR 2013-01
Part of the Kronos' "Under 30 Project", presenting the first four commissions by: Alexandra du Bois (USA), Felipe Pérez Santiago (Mexico), Dan Visconti (USA), and Aviya Kopelman (Israel).
2013 Aheym - Music by Bryce Dessner
  • Released: November 5, 2013
  • Label: Anti #87296-2
2015 Sunrise of the Planetary Dream Collector: Music of Terry Riley
  • Released: June 23, 2015
  • Label: Nonesuch #549523
Originally released as part of the 2015 compilation "One Earth, One People, One Love: Kronos Plays Terry Riley".
2015 Tundra Songs
  • Released: 2015
  • Label: Centrediscs
Music by Derek Charke. Featuring Tanya Tagaq and Laakkuluk Williamson Bathory.
2016 Pelle Gudmundsen-Holmgreen: Green Ground
  • Released: 2016
  • Label: Dacapo #8.226153
  • Format: CD

Includes:

  • New Ground (String Quartet No. 10 (2011))
  • No Ground (String Quartet No. 11 (2011))

(Also features Theatre of Voices)

2016 Alexandra Vrebalov: the Sea Ranch Songs
  • Released: September 30, 2016
  • Label: Cantaloupe Music #CA21122
Video and animation by Andrew Lyndon, on bonus DVD.
2017 Folk Songs
  • Released June 9, 2017
  • Label: Nonesuch #559151
Featuring Sam Amidon, Olivia Chaney, Rhiannon Giddens, and Natalie Merchant. Originally performed for Nonesuch Records 50th anniversary in 2014.
2017 Ladilikan
  • Released 2017
  • Label: World Circuit #wcv093
With Trio Da Kali.
2017 Destiny 2
  • Released September 5, 2017 (one day before the release of Destiny 2)
  • Name: "Destiny 2 Original Soundtrack"
  • Written by Michael Salvatori, Skye Lewin, C Paul Johnson, Rotem Moav, and Pieter Schlosser.
The Kronos Quartet only recorded these two tracks: Lost Light (Track 6) and Journey (Track 11).

Compilation albums

Year Album details Notes
1995 Released: 1985–1995
  • Released: October 20, 1995
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79394)
  • Format: CD, MP3
  • 2-disc set.
1998 Kronos Quartet: 25 Years
  • Released: October 16, 1998
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79504)
  • Format: CD, MP3
  • 10-CD box set retrospective.[7] Recorded "with virtuosity, vigor, and astonishing stylistic dexterity."[67]
2014 Kronos Explorer Series
  • Released: April 8, 2014
  • Label: Nonesuch #536951
5-CD box of five previously released albums from five different parts of the world: Pieces of Africa, Night Prayers, Caravan, Nuevo, and Floodplain. Includes interview with David Harrington by author Jonathan Cott.
2014 A Thousand Thoughts
  • Released: 2014
  • Label: Nonesuch #536952-2
Featuring Asha Bhosle, Zakir Hussain, Tony MacMahon, Le Mystère des Voix Bulgares, Astor Piazzolla, Homayun Sakhi, Vân-Ánh Vanessa Võ, Don Walser, Wu Man.


2015 One Earth, One People, One Love: Kronos Plays Terry Riley
  • Released June 23, 2015
  • Label: Nonesuch #548925
5-CD box of four albums in honor of American composer Terry Riley’s 80th birthday. Includes three albums previously released by Nonesuch and a new record, "Sunrise of the Planetary Dream Collector".

Video albums

Year Video details Notes
2000 In Accord
2002 Kronos on Stage
  • Released: September 5, 2000
  • Label: Image Entertainment
  • Format: DVD
2007 Polish Quartets (Kwartety polskie)
  • Released: 2007
  • Label: Polskie Wydawnictwo Audiowizualne
  • Format: DVD

Soundtracks

Year Soundtrack details Notes
1985 Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters
1999 Dracula
  • Released: August 27, 1999
  • Label: Nonesuch (#97542)
  • Format: CD, MP3
2000 Requiem for a Dream
  • Released: September 29, 2000
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79611)
  • Format: CD, MP3
2006 The Fountain
  • Released: November 27, 2006
  • Label: Nonesuch (#79901)
  • Format: CD, MP3
2009 2081
  • Released: forthcoming
  • Label: Nonesuch
  • Format: CD, MP3


2014 Noah: Music from the Motion Picture
  • Soundtrack by Clint Mansell
2015 Beyond Zero: 1914-1918
  • A film by Bill Morrison. Soundtrack by Aleksandra Vrebalov.

Contributions

Year Album details Notes
1984 Dahl, Ivey, Kingman
  • Kronos plays Daniel Kingman: String Quartet No. 2, "Joyful"
1985 John Anthony Lennon/Sheila Silver
  • John Anthony Lennon: Voices for string quartet (also a work by Sheila Silver)
1986 Philip Glass, Songs from Liquid Days
  • Released: 1986
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays "Freezing" and "Forgetting." Vocals by Linda Ronstadt (both tracks), backing vocals by The Roches ("Forgetting").
1987 John Zorn, Spillane
  • Released: 1987
  • Label: Elecktra/Nonesuch
  • Format: LP & CD
1990 Rubáiyát: Elektra's 40th Anniversary
  • Released: 1990
  • Label: Elektra
  • Format: CD
1993 Chance Operation: The John Cage Tribute
  • Released: 1993
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
  • Tribute to John Cage; Kronos plays "Thirty Pieces for String Quartet Excerpt."
1995 In C: 25th Anniversary Concert
  • Released: February 9, 1995
  • Label: New Albion NA 071
  • Format: CD
1995 Joan Armatrading, What's Inside
  • Released: October 10, 1995
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays on "Shapes and Sizes."
1995 Heat
  • Released: December 19, 1995
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
1996 David Grisman Quintet, DGQ-20
  • Released: July 16, 1996
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays on "Mondo Mando."
1998 Dave Matthews Band, Before These Crowded Streets
  • Released: April 28, 1998
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays on "The Stone."
1999 Jay Cloidt, Kole Kat Krush
  • Released: 1999
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays on "Kole Kat Krush."
1999 Café Tacuba, Reves/Yosoy
  • Released: July 20, 1999
  • Label:
  • Format: 2CD
  • Kronos plays "M.C." on the "Reves" disc of the double album, a cover of "La Muerte Chiquita" from the "Yosoy" disc.
2000 Andy Summers, Peggy's Blue Skylight
  • Released: September 26, 2000
  • Label:
  • Format: 2CD
2001 Osvaldo Golijov,[69] The Man Who Cried
  • Released: May 22, 2001
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays "Close Your Eyes (instrumental)", "Ceasar's Song", "Without A Word", "Close Your Eyes (vocal)." Other tracks by Salvatore Licitra, Taraf de Haïdouks, and others.[70][71]
2001 Ingram Marshall, Kingdom Come
  • Released: July 17, 2001
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays "Fog Tropes II for String Quartet and Tape", originally written for brass sextet and rearranged for Kronos Quartet.
2002 Big Bad Love (soundtrack)
  • Released: February 19, 2002
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos Quartet plays "Spiritual" (with Tom Verlaine); "a once-in-a-lifetime teaming of guitarist Tom Verlaine with the Kronos Quartet."[72]
2003 Wesla Whitfield, September Songs: The Music of Wilder, Weill and Warren
  • Released: May 13, 2003
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
2003 Tiger Lillies, The Gorey End
  • Released: September 16, 2003
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos contribute to 9 of the 13 songs inspired by Edward Gorey.
2003 Bird Up: The Charlie Parker Remix Project
  • Released: October 21, 2003
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
2003 Nelly Furtado, Folklore
  • Released: November 25, 2003
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays on "One-Trick Pony."
2003 The Company (soundtrack)
  • Released: December 9, 2003
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
2003 Gustavo Santaolalla,[74] 21 Grams (soundtrack)
  • Released: December 9, 2003
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays "When Our Wings Are Cut, Can We Still Fly."
2004 Rokia Traoré, Bowmboï
  • Released: August 31, 2004
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays "Manian", "Bowmboï."
2006 Dan Zanes, Catch that Train
  • Released: May 16, 2006
  • Label: Festival Five Records #009
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays on "Grey Goose."
2006 Matmos, The Rose Has Teeth in the Mouth of a Beast
  • Released: May 9, 2006
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays "Solo Buttons for Joe Meek."
2007 Healing the Divide: A Concert for Peace and Reconciliation
  • Released: July 8, 2007
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays on "Way Down in the Hole", "God's Away on Business", "Lost In The Harbor", and "Diamond In Your Mind", four songs with Tom Waits (vocals) and Greg Cohen (bass). "Thanks to Waits' complex sense of the human condition, these are among Kronos' most powerful, satisfying performances. Highly recommended."[75]
2007 Osvaldo Golijov, Oceana
  • Released: July 10, 2007
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays "Tenebrae 1", "Tenebrae 2." "This is Kronos far afield from pop flirtations, spiritually resplendent and leaving you wanting more at the same time."[76]
2007 Nine Inch Nails, Year Zero Remixed
  • Released: December 20, 2007
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays "Another Version of the Truth" with Enrique Gonzalez Müller.
2008 Philip Glass, Glass Box: A Nonesuch Retrospective
  • Released: September 30, 2008
  • Label: Nonesuch
  • Format: CD
  • 10-CD collection of the work of Philip Glass on Nonesuch.
2008 Kronos Quartet, Danish National Symphony Orchestra, Kronos plays Holmgreen
  • Released: October 28, 2008
  • Label:
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays "Concerto Grosso" with Danish National Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Thomas Dausgaard.
2009 Dark Was The Night
  • Released: February 16, 2009
  • Label: 4AD
  • Format: CD
2011 Hazmat Modine, Cicada
  • Released: May 17, 2011
  • Label: Barbès Records
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays "Dead Crow".
2012 Michael Hearst, Songs for Unusual Creatures
  • Released: May 8, 2012
  • Label: Urban Geek Records
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays "Aye-aye", and "Weddell Seal".
2014 The Great Beauty
  • Released: February 19, 2014
  • Label: Decca International
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays "The Beatitudes".
2016 Darmstadt Aural Documents · Box 3 · Ensembles
  • Released: March 14, 2016
  • Label: Neos NEOS 11230
  • Format: CD
  • Kronos plays John Cage: "Thirty Pieces for String Quartet" (1982) (World premiere · Recording: July 27, 1984 – Darmstadt, Orangerie)

References

General
  • Catalog information from "Kronos Quartet" at Nonesuch Records (retrieved April 21, 2009) for Nonesuch releases and from Amazon.com for others, except where indicated.
Specific
  1. ^ Stack, Peter (October 18, 1998). "Kronos Quartet Celebrates 25 Years: World-renowned group's music a marriage of sound and style". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved April 7, 2009. 
  2. ^ Richardson, Derk (Jan 1999). "Portrait of a Quartet: The Kronos reaps the rewards of 25 years of not fitting the mold". Strings. String Letter Publishing. 13 (5): 49–57. 
  3. ^ "The Kronos Quartet". Allmusic. Retrieved April 7, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b "Top World Albums: Pieces Of Africa". Billboard. October 31, 1992. Retrieved April 4, 2009. [dead link]
  5. ^ Flegler, Joel (1984). "Rev. of Kronos Quartet, In Formation". Fanfare Magazine. 7 (3–4): 77. ISSN 0148-9364. Retrieved January 25, 2009. 
  6. ^ Solis, Gabriel (2007). Monk's music: Thelonious Monk and Jazz History in the Making. U of California P. p. 202. ISBN 978-0-520-25201-1. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f Bogdanov, Vladimir; Chris Woodstra; Stephen Thomas Erlewine (2002). "Kronos Quartet". All Music Guide to Jazz: The Definitive Guide to Jazz Music. Backbeat. p. 300. ISBN 978-0-87930-717-2. Retrieved January 28, 2009. 
  8. ^ Tracy, Steven Carl (1999). Write me a few of your lines: a blues reader. U of Massachusetts P. p. 568. ISBN 978-1-55849-206-6. 
  9. ^ a b Schwarz, K. Robert (May 6, 1990). "Music; A New Look at a Major Minimalist". New York Times. Retrieved January 26, 2009. 
  10. ^ Rockwell, John (May 6, 1990). "A Selective Guide To 50 New Classical CD Releases". New York Times. Retrieved January 26, 2009. 
  11. ^ Kohlhaase, Bill (April 20, 1990). "MJQ, Kronos: 2 Sides of the Same Mirror. Jazz: Younger quartet says that in watching the four older masters, it is 'almost seeing ourselves in 30 years' time.' They play in Orange County Sunday". Los Angeles Times. 
  12. ^ Feathers, Leonard (August 31, 1986). "An Era of Pickiness: A Guitar LP Sampler". Los Angeles Times. 
  13. ^ Holden, Stephen (August 8, 1986). "Pop and Jazz Guide". New York Times. Retrieved January 27, 2009. 
  14. ^ Gann, Kyle (2006). The Music of Conlon Nancarrow. Cambridge UP. pp. 48, 296. ISBN 978-0-521-02807-3. 
  15. ^ Rockwell, John (June 7, 1987). "50 More Top CDs to Tickle Your Laser". New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2009. 
  16. ^ McCalla, James (2003). Twentieth-century Chamber Music: Routledge Studies in Musical Genres. Routledge. p. 259. ISBN 978-0-415-96695-5. 
  17. ^ a b "By The Numbers: Top 25 Classical Albums of 1989". Los Angeles Times. December 26, 1989. 
  18. ^ Todes, Ariana (2006). "On the Reich Tracks". The Strad. 117 (1398): 42–46. 
  19. ^ Marsh, Robert C. (April 3, 1990). "Passion is lacking in Part's Passio". Chicago Sun-Times. 
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Published music

  • Kronos Collection, Vol. 1. Boosey and Hawkes. 2007. 

Bibliography

  • Parker, Mara (2005). String quartets: a research and information guide. Routledge. p. 318. ISBN 978-0-415-94176-1. 
  • Richardson, Derk (Jan 1999). "Portrait of a Quartet: The Kronos reaps the rewards of 25 years of not fitting the mold". Strings. String Letter Publishing. 13 (5): 49–57. 
  • Wynn, Ron. "Kronos Quartet", in Woodstra, Chris; Gerald Brennan; Allen Schrott (2005). All music guide to classical music. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 709. ISBN 978-0-87930-865-0. 

External links

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