Krais of Russia

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Krais of Russia.png
Category Federated state
Location Russian Federation
Number 9
Populations 563,626 (Kamchatka Krai) – 5,404,300 (Krasnodar Krai)
Areas 789,000 km2 (304,500 sq mi) (Khabarovsk Krai) – 2,340,000 km2 (903,400 sq mi) (Krasnoyarsk Krai)[1]
Government Krai Government
Subdivisions Raion, urban-type settlements, Selsovet, Closed City

The Russian Federation is divided into 85 subjects, of which nine are krais (Russian: кра́й [kraj], plural края́, kraya; "edges" or "frontiers"). There is no difference between oblasts and krais, both are first-level administrative divisions equivalent in legal status in Russia with representation in the Federation Council. The usage of the term is purely traditional, similar to commonwealths in the United States. During the Soviet era, the autonomous oblasts could be subordinated to republics or krais, but not to oblasts.

The largest krai by population is Krasnodar Krai at 5,404,300 (2010 Census), and the largest by area is Krasnoyarsk Krai at 2,340,000 km2 (903,400 sq mi).[2][3] Krasnodar Krai is the westernmost krai, located in the North Caucasus region along the Black Sea, and Kamchatka Krai is the easternmost, located in the Far East region along the Pacific Ocean. The newest krai is Zabaykalsky Krai, created on March 1, 2008 as a result of a merger of Chita Oblast and Agin-Buryat Autonomous Okrug, after a referendum held on the issue on March 11, 2007.

See also


  1. ^ "United States Summary: 2000" (PDF). U.S. Census 2000. U. S. Census Bureau. April 2004. Retrieved September 15, 2013. 
  2. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  3. ^ "United States Summary: 2000" (PDF). U.S. Census 2000. U. S. Census Bureau. April 2004. Retrieved September 15, 2013. 
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