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Total population
Extinct as a tribe
Regions with significant populations
United States Mississippi
Native tribal religion
Related ethnic groups
Tunica, Yazoo, Tioux

The Koroa were one of the groups of indigenous people who lived in the Mississippi Valley prior to the European settlement of the region. They lived in the northwest of present-day Mississippi in the Yazoo River basin.


The Koroa are believed to have spoken a dialect of Tunica. However, French missionaries described the Koroa (which they spelled Courouais) as speaking the same language as the Yazoo but a different tongue from the Tunica. This may be describing a distinct dialect or a related Tunican language.[1]


The Koroa may be the tribe identified by Hernando de Soto's expedition as the Coligua or Cologoa. They were met by Soto's company in the area of what is today Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1541.[2]

Jacques Marquette referred to this tribe by the name Akoroa.[3] The Koroa lived on both sides of the Mississippi River when the French encountered them in the late 17th century. At least one of their villages was on the east bank of the river.[4] In 1682, La Salle visited a Koroa village on the Western side of the Mississippi twice, both on the descent and the return journey. His party was feasted there, and saw Quinipissas, whom they described as the Koroa's allies, living in the village.[5]

A 1698 French missionary expedition also found them living in the same area as the Tunica, Yazoo, and Houspé, and Father Antoine Davion was assigned to missionize them.[1]

In 1702, a French Catholic missionary named Nicolas Foucault was killed while serving among the Koroa. The tribe's leaders had the murderers executed.[4] Many members of the Koroa tribe joined with the Tunica, Chickasaw, or Natchez tribes after European diseases had severely depleted their population.[6]

See also

List of sites and peoples visited by the Hernando de Soto Expedition


  • Gibson, Arrell M. "The Indians of Mississippi," in McLemore, Richard Aubrey, ed. A History of Mississippi (Hattiesburg: University and College Press of Mississippi, 1973) vol. 1


  1. ^ a b Gallay, Alan (2002-01-01). The Indian Slave Trade: The Rise of the English Empire in the American South, 1670-1717. Yale University Press. pp. 115, 150. ISBN 0300101937.
  2. ^ Swanton, John R. The Indians of the Southeastern United States. (United States Government Printing Office: Washington, 1946) p. 147
  3. ^ Swanton. Indians of the Southeastern United States p. 147
  4. ^ a b Swanton. Indians of the Southeastern United States. p. 147
  5. ^ Swanton, John Reed (1911-01-01). Indian Tribes of the Lower Mississippi Valley and Adjacent Coast of the Gulf of Mexico. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 327.
  6. ^ Sabo III, George. "Indians in Arkansas: The Tunica & Koroa" (PDF). Arkansas Archeological Survey. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
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