Korangal Valley

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Korangal Valley in 2009

Korengal Valley (alternatively spelled Korengal, Kurangal, Korangal; Pashto: کړنګل ;کوړنګل ;کوړينګل‎) is a valley in the Dara-I-Pech District of Kunar Province in eastern Afghanistan. It was the scene of fierce fighting between ISAF's Eastern Command consisting mostly of US forces and "Anti-Afghanistan Forces" (AAF) or "Anti-Coalition Militia" (ACM)—notably the Taliban.

Agriculture and forestry

Illegal tree chopping by timber mafia in the Korengal Valley (2003)

The valley is about 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) long and less than 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) wide.[1] The valley has rocky mountains with limited agricultural land. The Korangal valley is lushly forested with pine trees. Much of the valley's income is due to legal and illegal forestry and timber sales. In 2006, U.S. military and the government of Afghanistan reclaimed the Lumber Yard and established the first government presence in the valley since the 1980s. The Afghan government is working to find ways to boost the economy of the region so that illegal timbering can come to an end. In the meantime, the local people of Kunar province are being trained to plant new trees to prevent deforestation.[citation needed]

Tribes

The Korangalies are Pashai, and their native language is Pashayi but many are fluent in Pashto because the Safi tribe, a Pashtun tribe, live around them and they have some integration with this tribe.[citation needed]

Villages

The valley includes more than a dozen villages:

Ali Abad, Kunar (Elabat)
Ashat, Kunar
Bebiyal, Kunar
Darbat, Kunar
Donga, Kunar
Landigal, Kunar
Landigal, Kunar
Hendarok lower, Kunar
Hendarok upper, Kunar
Kandalik, Kunar
Chechal, Kunar
Dakalbat, Kunar
Seipale, Kunar
Yakha China, Kunar
Kandalam, Kunar
Old Korangal, Kunar

human casualties during 2006-2018 in the korangal valley

Name S/W/D vellige cast of date place
Haji mohammad sher Shuker dad donga A.Army
qari Haji mohmmad Norullah jan Donga A.Army K.O.P
Abullah Azizullah khan Lanyal A.Army Lanyal
Haji Qudrat Shah Ali Said Donga A.Bombard Chichal
Haji Alim Jan Ali Asghar Bibyal A.Bombard Chicahal
Abdul Ahad Mohammd Rafeeq Bibyal A.Bombard Chichal
Abullalh Ghulam Nabi Ali Abad A.Bombard Chichal
Abdul Wali Mommad Jamal Chichal A.Bombard Chichal
Mohammd Afzal Mir Afzal Donga A.Bombard Chichal
Said Afzal Mir Afzal donga A.Bombard Chichal
Bismillah Jan A.Bombard chichal
W/Norullah Jan donga A.Bombard Chocha
Rahmnuddin Hijran Bibyal A.Bombard Chichal
Mohammd Naaim Mustaqim Khan Hindarok A.Bombard Chichal
Tuha (kid)3 year Abdul Ahad Bibyal A.Bombard Chichal
Abdullah Mohmmad gul donga A.Bombard Chchal
Wali Mohammd Nur Salam Ali Abad A.Bombard Chichal
W/O Nizamuddin Bibyal A.Bombard Chichal
W/O Nasruddin Bibyal A.Bombard Chical
Haji Faqeer Mohammad hazrat Ali Ashaat Talibal/Alqaaida woch Now
Ahmad Shah Sam Khan Ashaat Talibal/Alqaaida woch Now
Noor Mohammad Hazrat Ali Ashaat Talibal/Alqaaida woch Now
Nasrullah Haji Faqeer Mohammah Ashaat Talibal/Alqaaida woch Now
??? Said Rasul Ashaat Talibal/Alqaaida Woch Now
Said Ghulam ??? Ashaat Talibal/Alqaaida Woch Now
Said Ali Shamsher Khan Ashaat Talibal/Alqaaida woch Now
??? Haji Faqeer Mohmaah Ashaat Talibal/Alqaaida Woch Now
??? Said Rasul Ashaat Talibal/Alqaaida woch Now
Shamsurrahman Nawsher Khan Ashaat Talibal/Alqaaida woch Now
Mohammad Ishaq Shamsulhaq Loi kalai Talibal Loi kalai
AbdulLatif Shamsulhaq Loi kalai Taliban Loi kalai
Shamsulhaq ?? Loi kalai Taliban Pashad
Waliullah Mohammad satar Lanyal taliban Lanyal
Mohammad Qadeer ?? Loi kalai Taliban Loi kalai
Khan said ?? ?/ A.Army ??
Said Gul ?? ?? A.Army ??
Tabuddin Rashdin Bar Obonow A.Army Bar Obonow
Faqirullah Wali Mohammad Bar Obonow A.Army Bar Obonow
Rasul Khan Said Ghafar Bar Obonow A.Bombard Ziarat topai
Rasul jan Said Ghafar Bar Obonow A.Bombard Ziarat topai
Izatullah Rashdin Bar Obonow drone Loi kalai
Inamuullah Mohammad Naim Obo Now A.Army Chichal
Mohammad Ali Mohammad Kalam Lanyal A.Army Mountain
Beram Khan Abduljalil Darbat A.Army Mountain
Abulmalik Faqirullah Bibyal A.Army Mountain
Aziz Khan Khyrrahman Darbat A.Army Mountain
??? D/O Azizullah khan Lanyal A.Bombard Landigal
Hazat Said hazrat Jan Lanyal A.Army Landigal
Ismail hazrat Jan Lanyal A.Army Landigal
Rahemullah Abdul Qayoum Ali Abad A.Bombard Landigal
Muhebullah Fazal Maula Ali Abad A.Bombard Landigal
Abdurrahim Mohammad Satar Lanyal A.Bombard Landigal
kid gril D/O Adurrabi Lanyal A.Bombard Lanyal
kid gril D/O Adurrabi Lanyal A.Bombard Lanyal
Abdul Basir Islamuddin Ali Abad A.Bombard Mountain
Abdurraman Islamuddin Ali Abad A.Bombard Mountain
Mohammad Bashar Islamuddin Ali Abad drone bibyal
Mohammad Ali Ahmad Ali Ali Abad A.Bombard Mountain
Nabiullah Mohammad Safdar Bibyal A.Bombard Mountain
Mohammad Safdar Abduljabar Bibyal A.mine Mountain
Najam Gul Amirullah Bibyal A.Ambush Mountain
Najeebullah Rahmuddin Bibyal A.Ambush Mountain
Ibraheem Yad Gul Bibyal A.Ambush Mountain
Said umar Qayoum Darbat A.Ambbush Mountain
Abdulbaqi Qayoum Darbat A.Ambush Mountain
Enayaturrahman Abdul Jameel Darbat A.Ambush Mountain
Mohammad Nabi Hazrat Kamal Darbat A.Ambush Mountain
Gul Ahmad Mohammad Amir Darbat A.Ambush Mountain
Abdullah Mohammad Bayz Darbat A.Ambush Mountain
Fazl Ilahi Faqir Din Darbat A.Ambush Mountain
Fazlullah Mir Agha Jan Darbat A.Ambush Mountain
Hamish Gul Abdul Haliq yaha China A.Ambush Mountain
?? S/O Abdul Haliq yaha China A.Ambush Mountain
Naqeebullah Mohammad Sadeeq yaha China A.Ambush Mountain
?? S/O Mohammad Sadeeq` yaha China A.Ambush Mountain
Mohammad Dawod ?? ?/ A.Army ?/
Shafeeullah Faqirullah jan Ashaat A.Army yaha china
Mohammad Dawod Mohammad Ashraf yaha China A,Bombard yaha china
Waliullah Abdulhadi . A.Army
Mohammad Rasool Mursaleen Loi kalai A.Army Loi kalai
Khayrullah Abdurrahman A.Army
Manaur Abdurrahman A.Army
Abdurrahim Abdulbasir ?? A.Army A.Army
Abdul Basir Mohammad Daim Dakalbat A.Army Dakalbat
Abdulmanan Abdulmteen Darbat A.Bombard Gatigal
Abdulmateen Abdul Jameel Darbat drone Gatigal
Mohammad Qabil Haidar Ali Khan Ashaat drone Gatigal
Nasrullah Abdul Shakoor donga drone Gatigal
Izatullah Mohammad Taheer donga drone Gatigal
Wahidullah Mohammad Rafeeq Bibyal A.Bombard Chichal
Ghulamullah Mohammad Rafeeq Bibyal A.Bombard Chichal
Muhebullah Abdul Malik Bibyal A.Army Chichal
Hayatullah Sahib zaman Loi kalai A.Army Loi kalai
Haji Shah Wali Khan Sabeel A.Army Mountain
Mohmmad jamal ??
Ibraheem Noor Mohammd donga A.Army Mountain
Rafeullah Noor Mohammd donga A.Army Mountain
Rahemullah Samandar Khan donga A.Bombard Zormandai
Ihsanullah Mohmmad Basheer Bibyal A.Bombard Zormandai
Ghulam Sahi Said Nabi Ali Abad A.Bombard Zormandai
?? Mohamamd Hakem Ali Abad A.Bombard Zormandai
Abdullah Noorullah Jan donga A.Army Bar Kandai
Faqeer Ali Ali Asghar Loi kalai A.Army Kandagal
Abdullah ?? Kandalik A.Army Kandalik
Khan Baz
Ibraheem Usman Jan Kandalik A.Army Kandalik
Abdurrahman Said Jan Kandalik A.Army Kandalik
Hanifullah Mohammadullah
Alimullah yahya khan donga A.Army kandagal
Mohammad raziq Jan Ali Loi kalai N.A.A Kandagal
Shafiullah Abdulmanan Bibyal N.A.A kandagal
Shahidullah Nizamuddin Loi kalai N.A.A Kandagal
Abdulghafar Khair Mohammahad yaha China N.A.A Kandai
Gul Akbbar Mir Akbar Ashaat Taliban kandai
Rahimullah Abdulmanan Bibyal A.N.A Kandagal
Abdurrahamab
Abdurrahman
Noor Mohammad Hazrat Jan Kandalik Taliban Kandalik
?? W/O Toor Kandalik Taliban Kandalik
?? W/O Gulab said landigal A.Bombard Landigal
Sifatuullah Gulab said Landiga A.Bombard Landigal
Aziz Mohammad Amirullah Bibyal Taliban Bibyal
Ghulam Ali ?? Bibyal A.Army Bibyal
?/ W/O Said ahmad din Loi kalai A.Bombard Loi kalai
?? W/O Pameer
Matiullah said Ali khan
Zakirah Faqirullah
Aisha Zaher Shah Donga A.Bombard Donga
Kalthom Zaher Shah donga A.Bombard Donga
?? D/O Mohammad nabi darbat A.Bombard Darbat
?? D/O Mohammad nabi darbat A.Bombard Darbat
Mohsina Abdul Raouf Darbat A.Bombard darbat
Abdul haq faqir Din dar4bat A.Bombard ??
Umar shaker
?/ W/O Sher Ali Darbat A.Bombard darbat
Mohamd kareem Sher Ali Loi kalai Taliban Loi kalai
?? Abdullah jan Donga A.Bombard Donga
Abdurahem Noorullah Jan donga A.N.A Kandagal
Qalai Gal
Ahmad shah QALAI GAL A.Army QALAI GAL
Zmin gul QALAI GAL A.Army QALAI GAL
Bilal QALAI GAL A.Army QALAI GAL
Hazrat Said QALAI GAL A.Army QALAI GAL
Aayaz QALAI GAL A.Army QALAI GAL
Qiyamuddin QALAI GAL A.Army QALAI GAL
Azizullah QALAI GAL A.Army QALAI GAL
Mir Alam QALAI GAL A.Army QALAI GAL
Anar Gul QALAI GAL A.Army QALAI GAL
Noor Zadah QALAI GAL A.Army QALAI GAL
Multan Mula QALAI GAL A.Army QALAI GAL
Mohammad Qabil QALAI GAL A.Army QALAI GAL
W/Janan QALAI GAL A.Army QALAI GAL
S/O Noor Khan QALAI GAL A.Army QALAI GAL
S/O Hazrat Jan QALAI GAL A.Army QALAI GAL
Yousaf QALAI GAL Taliban QALAI GAL
Abulbajeed QALAI GAL Taliban QALAI GAL
Said Karim QALAI GAL Taliban QALAI GAL
Aziz Khan QALAI GAL Taliban QALAI GAL
Nadar QALAI GAL Taliban QALAI GAL
Dawood] QALAI GAL Taliban QALAI GAL
QALAI GAL Taliban QALAI GAL

War in Afghanistan

A U.S. Army Soldier assigned to Company B, 2nd Battalion, 12th Infantry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division watches as Air Force F-15E Strike Eagles bomb insurgent positions after a 20-minute gun battle in the Korengal Valley on August 13, 2009.

U.S. Army Special Forces and Rangers had conducted an unknown number of operations there prior to October 2004 when 3rd Battalion, 6th Marines became the first Marine unit to begin operations there, followed by 3rd Battalion, 3rd Marines the next month.[2] In the fall of 2005, the Marines of 2nd Battalion, 3rd Marines Echo Company conducted a 28-day foot patrol beginning at the backside of the valley, not only making them the farthest occupying force in that area to date but also claiming the longest completed foot patrol since Vietnam. Later Ed Darack wrote the book Victory Point, documenting two operations that the 2nd Battalion, 3rd Marines conducted in the area, including the Korangal Valley, Operation Red Wings, and Operation Whalers.[3]

The Korangal Outpost (KOP) was established at an abandoned lumber yard in April 2006 by Task Force Lava of 1st Battalion, 3rd Marines and subsequently transferred to Alpha Company, 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry, 10th Mountain Division. Firebase Phoenix (later called Firebase Vimoto) was established in the village of Babeyal in the spring of 2007 by 2nd Platoon, A Company, 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry, 10th Mountain Division to act as a security buffer between the villagers and active anti-coalition militia (ACM) fighters in the valley.

The strongly independent tribes of the Korangal Valley, who have opposed all forms of government other than a council of elders, viewed the U.S. troops as invaders. This created constant tension between the locals and the U.S. military which prevented significant progress against the Taliban.[4][5][6] And so, after years of sustained fighting and casualties, the U.S. military closed Korangal Outpost on April 14, 2010, after which the valley reverted to Taliban control.[7] Forty-two American service men died fighting in the Korangal and hundreds were wounded, primarily between 2006 and 2009. Many Afghan soldiers died there as well. The valley has been dubbed "The Valley of Death" by American forces.[8]

British photographer Tim Hetherington won the World Press Photo award for 2008 with a shot he took while reporting on the war in Korangal Valley for Vanity Fair magazine in January 2008.[9] Sebastian Junger's (2010) book War, and the subsequent film Restrepo, document his experiences while embedded with Battle Company, 2nd Battalion, 503rd Infantry, 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team manning the small Outpost Restrepo, named for fallen medic Juan Sebastián Restrepo, in the Korangal Valley. A second film, Korengal, gives a more in depth view into life at Outpost Restrepo.

See also

References

  1. ^ "US exit from Afghanistan - don't book it in yet'"". Sydney Morning Herald. April 29, 2010. 
  2. ^ "» First into the Korengal? Task Force Trinity". Task Force Trinity. 
  3. ^ Darack 2009
  4. ^ Park, David. "COINvasion? Korengal and Weygal Valleys Post-Mortem". Military Review. 94. 
  5. ^ Rosenberg, Matthew (2010-04-15). "U.S. Forces Leave Afghan 'Valley of Death'". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2016-10-26. 
  6. ^ Hetherington, Tim (2011-09-23). "Into the Korengal". World Policy Journal. 28 (1): 60–70. ISSN 1936-0924. 
  7. ^ Video on YouTube
  8. ^ "U.S. Forces Close Outpost in Afghan 'Valley of Death'"". New York Times. April 15, 2010. 
  9. ^ Sebastian Junger (January 2008). "Into the Valley of Death". Vanity Fair. 

Bibliography

External links

  • https://www.flickr.com/photos/korengal_valley/537234765/
  • Afghanistan – Korengal Valley. Battle Company Is Out There. New York Times, February 24, 2008
  • Afghanistan's Korengal Valley. 31 photos. November 12, 2008. Boston.com (Boston Globe).
  • msnbc.com video: Under fire from Afghanistan’s frontlines:. 4 videos. October 2008. MSNBC. October 20, 2008 introduction and discussion: Confronting Afghanistan's 'Valley of Death'.
  • GRITtv Interview With Laura Flanders and Tim Hetherington on "Restrepo"
  • Wikimapia-Location of the Korangal Valley
  • Panoramio-Location of Korangal Outpost (The KOP)

Coordinates: 34°52′52″N 70°54′19″E / 34.881231°N 70.905161°E / 34.881231; 70.905161

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