Korean noodles

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Korean noodles
Korean cuisine japchae.jpg
Japchae, a Korean dish of stir-fried cellophane noodles
Type Noodle
Place of origin Korea
Cookbook: Korean noodles  Media: Korean noodles
Korean noodles
Hangul 국수 / 면
Hanja 국수 /
Revised Romanization guksu / myeon
McCune–Reischauer kuksu / myŏn

Korean noodles are noodles or noodle dishes in Korean cuisine, and are collectively referred to as "guksu" in native Korean or "myeon" (cf. mien) in Sino-Korean vocabulary. Preparations with noodles are relatively simple and dates back to around BCE 6000 to BCE 5000 in Asia. In Korea, traditional noodle dishes are onmyeon (beef broth-based noodle soup), called guksu jangguk (noodles with a hot clear broth), naengmyeon (cold buckwheat noodles), bibim guksu (cold noodle dish mixed with vegetables), kalguksu (knife-cut noodles), kongguksu (noodles with a cold soybean broth) among others. In royal court, baekmyeon (literally "white noodles") consisting of buckwheat noodles and pheasant broth, was regarded as the top quality noodle dish. Naengmyeon, with a cold soup mixed with dongchimi (watery radish kimchi) and beef brisk broth, was eaten in court during summer.[1]

Noodles by ingredients

Memil guksu
  • Dangmyeon (당면; cellophane noodles) - made from sweet potato starch
  • Memil guksu (메밀국수) - buckwheat noodles similar to Japanese soba noodles
  • Olchaengi guksu (올챙이국수) - noodles made from dried corn flour which are eaten in mountainous places such as Gangwon Province[2]
  • Gamja guksu (감자국수) - noodles made from a mixture of potato starch, rice flour, and glutinous rice flour[3]
  • Gamjanongma guksu (감자농마국수) - noodles made from potato starch that have a very chewy texture. It is a local specialty of Hwanghae Province[4]
  • Milguksu (밀국수) - wheat flour noodles. While noodles were eaten in Korea from ancient times, productions of wheat was less than that of other crops, so wheat noodles did not become a daily food until 1945.[1][5]
  • Dotori guksu - noodles made from acorn flour[6]
  • Chilk guksu (칡국수) - noodles made from kudzu and buckwheat[7]
  • Ssuk kalguksu (쑥칼국수) - noodles made from Artemisia princeps and wheat flour[8]
  • Hobak guksu (호박국수) - noodles made from pumpkin and wheat flour[9]
  • Kkolttu guksu (꼴뚜국수) - noodles made from buckwheat flour and wheat flour[10]
  • Cheonsachae - half-transparent noodlesphoto made from the jelly-like extract left after steaming kelp, without the addition of grain flour or starch. The taste is bland, so they are generally eaten as a light salad after seasoned or served as a garnish beneath saengseon hoe (sliced raw fish). Cheonsachae has a chewy texture and is low in calories.[11]

Noodle dishes

Banchan

  • Japchae - Sweet potato noodles (cellophane noodles) stir-fried with thinly sliced beef and vegetables; it may be served either hot or cold.[12]

Warm noodle soups

Janchiguksu
  • Janchi guksu - wheat flour noodles in a light broth made with anchovy and optionally kelp or beef broth. It is served with a sauce made with sesame oil, soy sauce, scallions and a small amount of chili pepper powder. Thinly sliced jidan (지단), or fried egg, gim, and zucchini are topped on the dish for garnish. The name is derived from the word janchi (잔치, feast or banquet) in Korean because the dish was specialty foods for birthdays, weddings or auspicious occasions because the long, continuous shape was thought to be associated with the bliss for longevity and long-lasting marriage.[1][13]
  • Kalguksu - knife-cut wheat flour noodles served in a large bowl with seafood-based broth and other ingredients
  • Gomguksu (곰국수) - wheat flour noodles in a broth of gomguk or gomtang which is made from boiling beef bones or cartilage.
  • Jjamppong (짬뽕) - wheat flour noodles in a spicy broth including vegetables and seafood.

Cool noodle dishes

Kongguksu
Chuncheon Makguksu
  • Makguksu - buckwheat noodle soup, especially popular in Gangwon-do province and its capital city, Chuncheon
  • Naengmyeon - thin buckwheat noodles either served in a cold soup or served with a gochujang-based sauce; the noodles and other vegetable ingredients are stirred together by the diner. It is originally a winter dish, and a local specialty of the Ibuk region (이북지방, nowadays the area of North Korea).
    • Mul naengmyeon - literally "water cold noodles." It is served in a bowl of a tangy cold soup made with beef broth or dongchimi. Vinegar and/or mustard sauce can be added to taste.
    • Bibim naengmyeon - literally "mixed cold noodles." It is served with no broth but mixed with the spicy, tangy sauce called chogochujang, made from gochujang, vinegar, and sugar.
  • Jjolmyeon (쫄면) - similar to bibim naengmyeon but the noodles are more chewy. It is a representative dish of Incheon
  • Milmyeon (밀면) - A dish unique to Busan, derived from naengmyeon
  • Kongguksu - wheat flour noodles in a bowl of cold soy milk broth
  • Jatguksu (잣국수) - wheat flour or buckwheat noodles in a bowl of cold broth made from ground pine nuts and water. It is a local specialty of Gapyeong, Gyeonggi Province. The recipe is quite similar to kongguksu, but the dish has cleaner and more savory taste.[14]
  • Dongchimi guksu (동치미국수) - wheat or buckwheat noodles in a bowl of cold dongchimi.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c 국수 [Noodle (guksu)] (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. [permanent dead link]
  2. ^ 올챙이국수 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. [permanent dead link]
  3. ^ 감자국수 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. [permanent dead link]
  4. ^ 감자농마국수 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. [permanent dead link]
  5. ^ 국수 [Noodle (guksu)] (in Korean). Nate / Encyclopedia of Korean Culture. Archived from the original on 2011-06-10. 
  6. ^ 도토리국수 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. [permanent dead link]
  7. ^ 칡국수 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. [permanent dead link]
  8. ^ 쑥칼국수 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2006-11-16. 
  9. ^ 호박국수 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2006-11-16. 
  10. ^ 꼴두국수 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2006-11-16. 
  11. ^ 천사채 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. [permanent dead link]
  12. ^ See a recipe at http://www.eatdangerously.com/newfood/recipe_jap_chae.htm
  13. ^ Lee Seong-hui (이성희). "Janchi guksu, blessing for longevity (장수를 기원하는 '잔치국수)" (in Korean). dtnews24. 
  14. ^ 잣국수 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. [permanent dead link]

External links

  • Info about Korea noodles (Korean)
  • Info about Korea noodles (English)
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