Kord machine gun

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Kord 6P50
12,7-мм пулемет Корд - Интерполитех-2011 01.jpg
Kord machine gun displayed at the Interpolitex-2011
Type Heavy machine gun
Place of origin Russia
Service history
In service 1998–present
Used by Russian Army and Police (MVD)
Wars Second Chechen war
South Osetian war
Russo-Georgian War
Iraq War[citation needed]
Syrian Civil War
Iraqi Civil War[citation needed]
War in Afghanistan[citation needed]
Production history
Designer A.A. Namitulin, N.M. Obidin, Ju.M. Bogdanov and V.I. Zhirokhin[1]
Designed 1990s
Manufacturer V.A. Degtyarev Plant
Produced 1998–present
Variants 6P50-1, 6P50-2, 6P50-3, 6P49
Specifications
Weight 25.5 kg (56.22 lb) (6P50)
32 kg (71 lb) (6P50-1)
60 kg (130 lb) (6P50-2), 80 kg (180 lb) (6P50-3), 27 kg (60 lb) (6P49)
Length 1,980 mm (78.0 in) (6P50-1, 6P50-2, 6P50-3)
1,625 mm (64.0 in) (6P49)

Cartridge 12.7×108mm
Action Gas-operated, rotating bolt
Rate of fire 650–750 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity 860 m/s (2,821.5 ft/s)
Effective firing range 2000 m
Feed system 50-round linked belt
Sights Iron sights

The Kord-12.7 mm heavy machine gun is a Russian design that entered service in 1998[2] replacing the older NSV machine gun. Externally the weapon resembles the NSV; however, the internal mechanism has been extensively reworked, changing from a horizontally pivoting breech block to a rotating bolt design.[2] Additionally the gas system has been changed and the muzzle baffle redesigned. These changes give the weapon reduced recoil compared with the NSV, allowing greater accuracy during sustained fire.

Development

The catalyst for the development of the weapon was a complete lack of any heavy machine guns in construction at that time in the Russian Federation. Prior to the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the weapon that had functioned as the heavy machine gun was the NSV, or "Utes" or "Utjos" ("утёс", meaning one lonely cliff in Russian, this name was its designation during development)[3] machine gun. The main production centre for the NSV was located in what is now Kazakhstan.[2]

The Russian Degtyarev bureau was given the job of producing an updated version of the weapon chambered in the 12.7×108mm cartridge, which could be used for support, mounted on vehicles or in an anti-aircraft capacity. The weapon has also been chambered to handle the .50 BMG cartridge for export sales.

Interpolitex 2011 (405-2).jpg

The weapon employs new construction, and consequently is significantly lighter than its predecessor. The firing mechanism is very rugged, yet is capable of a greater rate of fire and significantly less recoil. Because a new barrel made of a high-tech alloy minimizes distortion and drop, accuracy has increased tremendously over previous Soviet machine guns. Unlike its predecessor, it may be fired from a bipod — a rather unusual feature for 12.7 mm/.50 caliber heavy machine guns. Its relatively light weight and lesser recoil allows stronger soldiers to move the gun around without assistance.[4]

Variants

  • 6P49: Baseline variant for vehicle mounting.[2]
  • 6P50: Bare infantry version.[2]
  • 6P50-1 (6P57): 6T19 Bipod-mounted infantry version. Bipod provides +/-15° range of traverse.[2]
  • 6P50-2 (6P58): Infantry variant.[2]
  • 6P50-3 (6P59): Infantry version on a 6U16 multipurpose mount. Casing ejection is to the right side.[2]
  • 6P51: Co-axial version with left-hand feed system and forward casing ejection.[2]

Remote weapon stations

Users

See also

References

  1. ^ Fofanov, Vasiliy (2000–2007). "KORD 12.7MM HMG". fofanov.armor.kiev.ua. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Jane's Infantry Weapons 2005-2006.
  3. ^ Modern Firearms - NSV-12.7 machine gun Archived 24 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Russian Udarnaya Sila TV show, excerpt showing Russian officer firing Kord from the hip while moving [1]
  5. ^ https://www.burevestnik.com/products_engl/6C21.html
  6. ^ "Päätös MAAVEMATOS ak MI37585/27.12.2012". maanpuolustus.net (in Finnish). 27 February 2013. Retrieved 12 August 2018. KORD -konekiväärit: KORD-konekiväärit testataan, koska halutaan selvittää niiden soveltuvuus venäläisen NSV-konekiväärin seuraajaksi. KORD-konekivääri on NSV-konekiväärin nykyaikaisempi versio, joka pystytään kiinnittämään Suomen puolustusvoimien käytössä oleviin joustokehtoihin. Dektarjevin asetehtaan valmistamat PKM-konekiväärit, KORD-konekiväärit ja PKM -konekiväärien varaosasarjan toimittaa vientiin Venäjän asemyyntiyhtiö AO Rosoboronexport.
  7. ^ "Namibia receives Russian small arms". defenceweb.co.za. 1 June 2016.
  8. ^ "Танкисты ЮВО отрабатывают элементы танкового биатлона на полигоне в Краснодарском крае". structure.mil.ru (in Russian). 11 January 2016.
  9. ^ "Russian Kord and ASVK systems in Syria". armamentresearch.com. November 30, 2014.
  • Koll, Christian (2009). Soviet Cannon - A Comprehensive Study of Soviet Arms and Ammunition in Calibres 12.7mm to 57mm. Austria: Koll. p. 70. ISBN 978-3-200-01445-9.

External links

  • V.A. Degtyarev Plant – official site
  • Modern Firearms
  • Image of Kord on Tripod

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kord_machine_gun&oldid=860827033"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kord_machine_gun
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Kord machine gun"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA