Kingswood, Buckinghamshire

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Kingswood
Canaletto Restaurant in Kingswood.jpg
Restaurant and Public House
Kingswood is located in Buckinghamshire
Kingswood
Kingswood
Kingswood shown within Buckinghamshire
Population 149 (2011 Census including Woodham)[1]
OS grid reference SP693189
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town AYLESBURY
Postcode district HP18
Dialling code 01296
Police Thames Valley
Fire Buckinghamshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
51°51′55″N 0°59′55″W / 51.8652°N 0.9985°W / 51.8652; -0.9985Coordinates: 51°51′55″N 0°59′55″W / 51.8652°N 0.9985°W / 51.8652; -0.9985

Kingswood is a hamlet of 30 dwellings on the South side of the A41 from Waddesdon to Bicester and between the villages of Ludgershall and Grendon Underwood in Buckinghamshire, England. Kingswood is also a civil parish within Aylesbury Vale district. Parish matters are currently administered via a parish meeting. There is one Italian restaurant and public house, Canaletto which opened in 2013. There is also a derelict Village Hall blown down in the Great Storm of 1987.

Etymology

The hamlet name refers to the nearby Bernwood Forest, an ancient Royal hunting forest.

Description

The houses within the hamlet form part of a larger community encompassing a further 30 dwellings within adjoining parishes and includes a burial ground, another public house, The Cook and Fillet and a Mission Hall at the crossroads built around 1850 and left in trust in 1905 by Henry Grattan Guinness (1835–1910) for the salvation or edification of souls. There is a Site of Special Scientific Interest, Ham Home-cum-Hamgreen Woods.[2][3]

History

The old Roman Akeman Street was the main route to Cirencester, Cheltenham and Bath and the Crooked Billet an important coaching inn / staging post.

The original trustees of the Mission Hall were William Kirby, Sydney Hopcroft, James & John Taylor and William Wellings; and adjoining land then owned by Amy Wellings on one side and William Daniels on the other.
Henry Grattan Guinness established the East London Training Institute for Home and Foreign Missions in Stepney Green in 1873, across the road from the Mission Hall of his friend, Thomas Barnardo and moved to larger premises in Harley House in Bow later in that year. The Institute was interdenominational and international, opening its own missions in Congo (1878), Peru (1897), India (1899), Borneo (1948), Nepal (1954), and Irian Jaya (1957). Present day Latin Link descends from the Peru mission.

Railway

In the late 19th century the Brill Tramway had a spur to Kingswood.
1871-04-01 Wotton to Quainton Road opened [Wotton Tramway]
1871-08-19 Wood Siding to Wotton opened [Wotton Tramway]
1871-11- Brill to Wood Siding opened [Wotton Tramway]
1871-11- Wood Siding, Church Siding
1872-01- Wotton, Westcott, Waddesdon Road, Quainton Road (Wotton Tramway)
1872-04- Brill
1891-07-01 Verney Junction to Aylesbury started [Metropolitan] [4] [5]
1892-09-01 Aylesbury to Amersham opened

The Metropolitan extended its route north from Baker Street through Harrow and Rickmansworth to Aylesbury and bought out the Aylesbury & Buckingham Railway from Aylesbury via Quainton Road to Verney Junction - and took over the operation of the Wotton Tramway from Quainton Road to Brill. At the same time Manchester, Sheffield, & Lincolnshire Railway extended its main line south to meet the Metropolitan at Quainton Road and then ran along the latter to Finchley Road, where it diverged west to a separate terminus at Marylebone.

Therefore, it seems that in the latter half of the 1800s Kingswood was not only on the main coaching route to Cirencester, Cheltenham and Bath but also right in the middle of great infrastructure developments linking it to major hubs North and South. This could explain why such an eminent person as Henry Grattan Guinness decided to site his only known UK chapel in Kingswood.

Tetchwick

Within Kingswood parish is the hamlet of Tetchwick, located to the south west of the main village on a spar road off the main A41.

References

  1. ^ Neighbourhood Statistics 2011 Census, Accessed 3 February 2013
  2. ^ "Ham Home-cum-Hamgreen Woods citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  3. ^ "Map of Ham Home-cum-Hamgreen Woods". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  4. ^ AYLESBURY - VERNEY JUNCTION
  5. ^ Akeman Street station
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