Kim Yo-jong

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Kim Yo-jong
Born (1987-09-26) 26 September 1987 (age 30)
Pyongyang, North Korea
Nationality North Korean
Korean name
Chosŏn'gŭl 김여정
Hancha 金與正
Revised Romanization Gim Yeojeong
McCune–Reischauer Kim Yŏjŏng

Kim Yo-jong (Korean: 김여정, born 26 September 1987)[1] is the younger sister of North Korea's leader Kim Jong-un and younger daughter of late leader Kim Jong-il.

Personal life

Kim Yo-jong was born as the daughter of Kim Jong-il and his wife Ko Yong-hui on 26 September 1987.[1] She and Kim Jong-un are said to have a close relationship[2], due to shared isolated years while studying together in Switzerland from 1996 to 2000, and in North Korea, "where social and emotional isolation appears to have been a defining force in their early lives."[3] She may have studied at the Kim Il-sung Military University after her return.[1] She also studied computer science at Kim Il-sung University where she is said to have studied with Kim Eun-gyong, the daughter of Japanese abductee Megumi Yokota.[4]

In January 2015, she reportedly married Choe Song,[5] the second son of government official Choe Ryong-hae.[6] However, South Korean government sources have since denied the accuracy of these reports. Kim Yo-jong was pregnant and expecting a child in May 2015. The father, not identified, is thought to be a fellow alumnus of Kim Il-sung university and either an official at the Workers Party's Room 39 or working at a military unit responsible for guarding the country's leader.[7]

Career

She was first spotted at a photo session for participants at the 3rd Conference of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK) in September 2010, when she stood next to her father's personal secretary and alleged mistress Kim Ok.[8]

Kim Yo-jong was given much publicity during the funeral service for Kim Jong-il in December 2011, when she appeared several times alongside her brother Kim Jong-un or leading funeral processions of central officials, despite not even being a funeral committee member, and she was never named. She was then reportedly given a position under the National Defence Commission at the beginning of 2012 as tour manager for Kim Jong-un,[9] but has not appeared in news reports except for November 2012, when the Korean Central Television showed her accompanying Kim Jong-un at a military riding ground.[10] She was officially mentioned for the first time on 9 March 2014, as she accompanied her brother in voting for the Supreme People's Assembly. Kim Yo-jong was identified as a "senior official" of the WPK Central Committee.[11]

Sources indicate that Kim Jong-un may be grooming Kim Yo-jong to replace their aunt Kim Kyong-hui (with whom Kim Yo-jong is said to have a good relationship[8]) in her supporting role.[12]

In October 2014, she was reported to have possibly taken over state duties for her ailing brother while he underwent medical treatment.[13]

On 28 November 2014, she was named vice director of the Workers Party's Propaganda and Agitation Department.[14] Since March 2015, she has been its head. She also holds a vice ministerial post but her portfolio is not known.[7] She regularly accompanies Kim Jong-un on his "field guidance" trips.[15]

On 24 July 2015, Kim Yo-jong was put in charge of North Korea’s Propaganda and Agitation Department (PAD). As the vice director of the country’s propaganda arm, replacing Kim Ki-nam.[16] She was said to be the driving force behind the development her brother’s cult of personality, modelled after that of their grandfather, Kim Il-sung.[3] This would help explain changes in the way state policies are depicted in the media, as well as differences in reporting.[3] She replaced Thae Yong-ho, a North Korean defector and former diplomat, said in 2017, and that Kim Yo-jong organised all major public events in North Korea. Kim Yo-jong was said to have encouraged her brother to present an image of a "man of the people" with, for example, rides on fairground attractions and his friendship with the basketball star Dennis Rodman.[17]

In January 2017, she was placed on the US Treasury's Specially Designated Nationals List for her role in North Korea's human rights abuses.[18]

In 2017, Kim Yo-jong was made an alternate member of politburo.[19] Her ascension to the country's supreme governing body may indicate that she is Kim Jong-un’s replacement for his aunt, Kim Kyong-hui, who has not played an active role in his regime.[20]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Kim Yo Jong". North Korea Leadership Watch. May 6, 2016. 
  2. ^ (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Kim Yo Jong: Who is the North Korean leader's mysterious sister? | News | DW | 08.10.2017". DW.COM. Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  3. ^ a b c "North Korea's New Propagandist?". 38 North. 2015-08-14. Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  4. ^ Kim Hee-Jin (March 19, 2014). "Abductee's daughter is favorite of Kim's sister". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved April 30, 2015. 
  5. ^ (2 January 2015) Kim Jong Un’s Little Sister Married Son of Top Regime Official, Report Says Wall Street Journal, Asia, Retrieved 16 January 2015
  6. ^ "NK leader's sister weds son of Choe Ryong-hae: sources". Yonhap News Agency. 
  7. ^ a b "The Chosun Ilbo (English Edition): Daily News from Korea – Kim Jong-un's Sister to Have Baby in May". Chosun Ilbo. April 30, 2014. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "KJI Youngest Daughter Working as Events Manager for KJU?". North Korea Leadership Watch. South Korea. 22 July 2013. Archived from the original on 22 December 2013. 
  9. ^ "Kim Yo-jung is believed to have studied abroad and to share her older brother's ambition". South Korea: Hankyoreh. 22 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "North Korea Newsletter No. 237". South Korea: Yonhap News Agency. 22 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Kim Jong Un Visits Kim Il Sung University of Politics and Takes Part in Election of Deputy to SPA". North Korea (site in Japan): Korean Central News Agency. 9 March 2014. Archived from the original on 10 March 2014. 
  12. ^ "Kim Jong-un 'preparing to purge aunt'". The Telegraph. United Kingdom. 6 December 2013. 
  13. ^ Silva, Cristina (2 October 2014). "Has Kim Yo-Jong Taken Over For Kim Jong Un? Sister Assumes North Korea State Duties While Brother Undergoes Medical Treatment". International Business Times. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  14. ^ North Korea's 'princess' moves closer to center of power
  15. ^ "N. Korea's Kim Jong-un executed 15 top officials: S. Korea spy agency". Yahoo! News. AFP. 29 April 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2015. 
  16. ^ "Kim Jong-un's sister promoted to run 'idolisation projects' in North Korea". The Guardian. UK. 24 July 2015. 
  17. ^ Sherwell, Phillip (2017-01-08). "Sister helps Kim strut his stuff as key missile test looms". The Times. Retrieved 2017-02-15. (Registration required (help)). 
  18. ^ "U.S. blacklists North Korean officials over rights abuses". Reuters. 2017-01-11. Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
  19. ^ "Kim Jong Un praises nuclear program, promotes sister to center of power". Reuters. 8 October 2017. 
  20. ^ McCurry, Justin (2017-10-09). "Meet Kim Yo-jong, the sister who is the brains behind Kim Jong-un's image". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-10-09. 
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