Kim Song-ae

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Kim Song-ae
First Lady of North Korea
In role
December 17, 1963 – August 15, 1974
Supreme Leader Kim Il-sung
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Ri Sol-ju
Chair of the Central Committee of the Korean Democratic Women's League
In office
1993 – 25 April 1998
Supreme Leader Kim Jong-il
Preceded by Vacant
Succeeded by Cheon Yeon-ok
In office
1971–1976
Supreme Leader Kim Il-sung
Preceded by Kim Ok-sun
Succeeded by Vacant
Personal details
Born (1924-12-29)29 December 1924
Kangso-guyok, South Pyongan Province, Japanese Korea
Political party Workers' Party of Korea
Spouse(s) Kim Il-sung (m. 1952–1994; his death)
Children Kim Kyong-jin (daughter)
Kim Pyong-il (son)
Kim Yong-il (son)[a]
Korean name
Chosŏn'gŭl 김성애
Hancha 金聖愛
Revised Romanization Gim Seong-ae
McCune–Reischauer Kim Sŏng-ae

Kim Sŏng-ae (born 29 December 1924[1]) is a North Korean politician who served as the First Lady of North Korea from 1963 to 1974. She was the second wife of the President of North Korea, Kim Il-sung.

Biography

Kim Song-ae originally worked as a secretary.[2] She married Kim Il-sung in 1952, following the death of Kim Il-sung's first wife in 1949, although due to the Korean War no formal ceremony was held. One source indicates Kim Il-sung had had an affair with her even before his first wife died. She gave birth to a daughter (Kim Kyong-jin, 1953) and two sons (Kim Pyong-il, 1955; Kim Yong-il, 1957).

She later rose in political power. From the mid 1960s until the mid 1970s, Kim Song-ae allegedly held a significant amount of political influence in North Korea.[2] As her tenure of political significance occurred in about the same period as that of Jiang Qing in China during the culture revolution, Jang Jin-sung referred to Kim Song-ae as the "North Korean mirror image of Jiang Qing".[2]

In 1965, she became vice-chairwoman of the Central Committee of the Korean Democratic Women's League (KDWL), and in 1971, she rose to be chairwoman.[3] In December 1972, she became a representative of the People’s Supreme Assembly.[3]

According to Jang Jin-sung, Kim Song-ae had the ambition to place her son, Kim Pyong-il in the position of successor to her spouse Kim Il-sung, rather than his son from his first marriage, Kim Jong-il.[2] In this, she was supposedly supported by a faction of the North Korean political elite, among them her brother Kim Kwang-hop, and Kim Il-sungs brother Kim Yong-ju, and opposed by the faction of her stepson Kim Jong-il.[2] In the 1970s, her influence was reportedly seen as excessive by the party, who started to curb it.[2] In parallel, her stepson Kim Jong-il became the designated heir of Kim Il-sung, and his faction worked to remove her from influence.[2][3] In 1976, Kim Song-ae lost her position as chair of the KDWL, which removed her communication channel to the public and effectively curbed her power base.[2] Reportedly, Kim Song-ae, as well as her brother-in-law Kim Yong-ju, who had supported her plans to place her son in the position of heir instead of Kim Jong-il, was placed in house arrest in 1981 upon the wish of the designated heir Kim Jong-il.[2]

In 1993, she was reinstated by Kim Jong-il as chair of the KDWL, but her position was purely symbolic and nominal, and she was removed a second time in 1998.[4] Since 1998, little information about her has reached the outside world.[5]

In 2012, a report from a North Korean defector claimed that Kim Song-ae had been declared insane in the early 1990s, even before the death of Kim Il-sung, and since then been kept under supervision of a psychiatric nurse in her house arrest.[3]

There are rumors that she was killed in a car accident in Beijing in June 2001.[5] Other reports claim she is still alive as of July 2011, though in poor health, and that Kim Pyong-il returned to Pyongyang from his posting in Poland to visit her.[6]

Works

  • Kim Song-ae (1969). Let Us Women Become Revolutionary Fighters Infinitely Loyal to the Party and Reliable Builders of Socialism and Communism by Revolutionizing and Working-classizing Ourselves. Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. OCLC 253679297. 
  • — (1970). On the Women's Emancipation Movement in Korea. Report at the Meeting Held in Honour of the 25th Anniversary of the Founding of the Korean Democratic Women's Union, November 17, 1970. Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. OCLC 1012367. 

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Not the same person as former premier Kim Yong-il

References

  1. ^ http://nkinfo.unikorea.go.kr/nkp/theme/viewPeople.do?nkpmno=933
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Jang Jin-sung: Dear Leader: Poet, Spy, Escapee – A Look Inside North Korea, 2014
  3. ^ a b c d NF|New Focus. Kim Il-sung’s wife was declared insane over 20 years ago. Politics. Tuesday 18 September 2012
  4. ^ NF|New FocusRo Song Sil: a key-elite of the North Korean system? Politics. Monday 8 April 2013
  5. ^ a b Lee Su-gyeong (이수경) (2 May 2006). "김부자 실체: 김정일의 계모 김성애". Radio Free Asia (Korean service). Archived from the original on 27 June 2007. Retrieved 20 May 2007. 
  6. ^ "Kim Jong-il's Brother 'Under House Arrest in Pyongyang'", Chosun Ilbo, 3 July 2011, retrieved 3 July 2011 
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kim_Song-ae&oldid=846356700"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kim_Song-ae
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Kim Song-ae"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA