Kildwick and Crosshills railway station

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Kildwick & Crosshills
Railway lines in Cross Hills.jpg
Site of the former station in 2009
Location
Place Cross Hills
Area Craven
Coordinates 53°54′15″N 1°59′21″W / 53.9042°N 1.9892°W / 53.9042; -1.9892Coordinates: 53°54′15″N 1°59′21″W / 53.9042°N 1.9892°W / 53.9042; -1.9892
Grid reference SE008453
Operations
Original company Leeds and Bradford Extension Railway
Pre-grouping Midland Railway
Post-grouping London, Midland and Scottish Railway
Platforms 2
History
by September 1847 Opened as Kildwick
by 1 January 1863[1] Renamed Kildwick & Cross Hills
after 1 October 1884[1] Renamed Kildwick & Crosshills
7 April 1889[1] Relocated to Station Road
22 March 1965[1] Closed
Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom
Closed railway stations in Britain
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal
Maps showing
Kildwick & Crosshills Station
Old OS Maps (1936)
NPE Maps  
Vision of Britain  
Other maps

53°54′15″N 1°59′21″W / 53.9042°N 1.9892°W / 53.9042; -1.9892

Kildwick and Crosshills [sic] was a railway station off Station Road in Cross Hills, North Yorkshire (formerly West Riding of Yorkshire), England. It served the villages of Cross Hills, Cowling, Glusburn, Kildwick and Sutton-in-Craven.

History

The station was opened in late 1847[2] by the Leeds and Bradford Extension Railway, located between Cononley and Steeton and Silsden. The latter, which is about two miles from both Cross Hills and Kildwick, is now the nearest station to all five villages. The station was originally called Kildwick,[2][3] then Kildwick and Cross Hills.[3][4] The original station was located on a level crossing on the modern-day A6068 just south of its junction with the A629 at Kildwick roundabout on the River Aire. In 1889 the station, which by now had been renamed Kildwick and Crosshills[3][5][6][7] and was owned by the Midland Railway, was relocated ¼ mile to the west, by a humpback bridge on the road now known as Station Road.[4]

Some former railway buildings have survived in this area, although they have been sold for other uses, but a signal box which stood beside the level crossing was demolished following the resignalling and electrification of the route in 1993–4. There is a former railway goods yard on the southern side of the track between the bridge and the level crossing and this is now used as a depot for road repairs by the local council.

The station was closed on 22 March 1965[7] but the line remains in use for freight, express passenger and local passenger trains. It is the main line from Leeds to Carlisle and Morecambe. Proposals have been put forward on several occasions to re-open the station in recent years, but none of these have been successful thus far (due to funding problems). West Yorkshire Metro listed the former site as having a strong business case in 2014 and ordered further study.[8]

In December 2017, North Yorkshire County Council announced that they had shelved plans to reopen the station due to a very low Benefit Cost Ratio. A reopened station would also mean additional traffic on local roads and the barriers at Kildwick level crossing being in the down position for longer than usual as the proposed station site is adjacent to the level crossing.[9]

Accident

Kildwick and Cross Hills station was the site of a serious accident in 1875, killing five and injuring 40. Late at night on 28 August, an excursion returning from Morecambe to Leeds was stopped at the station, at the request of the Cononley signalman who had noticed its rear light was not working. Despite his request, the same signalman allowed an Ingleton-to-Leeds mail train to follow just 4½ minutes behind. The signalman claimed the mail train was let through on a "caution" signal; the engine driver claimed the signal was "all clear". Approaching Kildwick station, the driver did not see a stop signal until it was too late, and hit the stationary passenger train at 15 mph. The accident could have been avoided if only the "timed interval" signalling system had been replaced by the "absolute block" system that the Midland Railway was already phasing in. Under the old system, trains were allowed to follow within five minutes of each other; under the new system, a section of track had to be completely clear before a train could enter it.[10]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Butt
  2. ^ a b Binns, p. 8
  3. ^ a b c Dewick, Map 21
  4. ^ a b Binns, p. 12
  5. ^ Wignall, p. 79
  6. ^ 1947 Atlas, p. 21
  7. ^ a b Binns, p. 23
  8. ^ http://wymetro.com/uploadedFiles/WYMetro/Content/news/projects/projectdetails/New%20Stations%20Study%20Report%20v1.0%20FINAL%20Redacted.pdf
  9. ^ Webb, Jonathan, ed. (January 2018). "Cross Hills station reopening shelved". Today's Railways. No. 193. Sheffield: Platform 5. p. 24. ISSN 1475-9713.
  10. ^ Bairstow, p. 61

References

  • (1948, reprinted 1999), British Railways Atlas 1947, Ian Allan Publishing, Shepperton, ISBN 0-7110-2438-3
  • Bairstow, M. (1994), The Leeds, Settle & Carlisle Railway, Martin Bairstow, Halifax, ISBN 1-871944-09-0
  • Binns, D. (1984), Steam in Airedale, Wyvern Publications, Skipton, ISBN 0-907941-11-7
  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.
  • Dewick, T. (2002), Complete Atlas of Railway Station Names, Ian Allan Publishing, Hersham, ISBN 0-7110-2798-6
  • Wignall, C.J. (1983), Complete British Railways Maps and Gazetteer from 1830–1981, Oxford Railway Publishing Co., Poole, ISBN 0-86093-162-5
Preceding station Historical railways Following station
Steeton and Silsden   Midland Railway
Leeds and Bradford Extension Railway
  Cononley
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