Khovd (city)

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Coordinates: 48°00′15″N 91°38′26″E / 48.00417°N 91.64056°E / 48.00417; 91.64056

Khovd
Ховд
ᠬᠣᠪᠳᠤ
The city of Khovd
The city of Khovd
Khovd is located in Mongolia
Khovd
Khovd
Coordinates: 48°00′15″N 91°38′26″E / 48.00417°N 91.64056°E / 48.00417; 91.64056
Country Mongolia
Province Khovd Province
Founded 1731
Area
 • Total 70.0 km2 (27.0 sq mi)
Elevation 1,395 m (4,577 ft)
Population (2017)
 • Total 29,800
 • Density 430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+7 (UTC + 7)
Area code(s) +976 (0)143
Climate BWk

Khovd or Hovd (Mongolian: Ховд), formerly known as Kobdo or Khobdo, is the capital of the Khovd Province of Mongolia. Officially known as Jargalant sum.

Geography and climate

Street in Khovd
Khovd downtown

It is situated at the foot of the Mongol Altay Mountains, on the Buyant River. The Khar-Us Lake is located approximately 25 km east of Khovd, and is the location of a Strictly Protected Area (Mongolian Government designation), called the Mankhan Nature Preserve.[citation needed]

As a result of administrative reforms in 1992, Khovd was accorded the status of Jargalant sum. City area is 80 km2.

Khovd has a cold desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWk) with long, dry, frigid winters and short warm summers. Precipitation is minimal and very heavily concentrated in summer.

Climate data for Khovd
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
13.6
(56.5)
21.7
(71.1)
30.7
(87.3)
32.0
(89.6)
34.2
(93.6)
33.4
(92.1)
35.6
(96.1)
30.0
(86)
24.7
(76.5)
14.4
(57.9)
13.3
(55.9)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F) −16.3
(2.7)
−12
(10)
0.3
(32.5)
11.1
(52)
19.1
(66.4)
23.8
(74.8)
24.7
(76.5)
23.4
(74.1)
17.7
(63.9)
9.0
(48.2)
−2.3
(27.9)
−12.9
(8.8)
7.1
(44.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −24.3
(−11.7)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−7.4
(18.7)
3.9
(39)
11.9
(53.4)
17.1
(62.8)
18.6
(65.5)
16.7
(62.1)
10.6
(51.1)
1.5
(34.7)
−9.7
(14.5)
−20
(−4)
−0.1
(31.8)
Average low °C (°F) −29.9
(−21.8)
−27.1
(−16.8)
−14.7
(5.5)
−3.5
(25.7)
4.6
(40.3)
10.3
(50.5)
12.3
(54.1)
10.0
(50)
3.9
(39)
−4.7
(23.5)
−15.7
(3.7)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−6.7
(19.9)
Record low °C (°F) −46.6
(−51.9)
−44.6
(−48.3)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−8.6
(16.5)
−6.4
(20.5)
1.5
(34.7)
−0.9
(30.4)
−13.9
(7)
−25.3
(−13.5)
−35.2
(−31.4)
−40.4
(−40.7)
−46.6
(−51.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.4
(0.055)
0.9
(0.035)
2.3
(0.091)
5.9
(0.232)
9.5
(0.374)
26.5
(1.043)
35.0
(1.378)
22.7
(0.894)
10.6
(0.417)
4.6
(0.181)
1.8
(0.071)
1.6
(0.063)
122.8
(4.835)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.3 0.2 0.6 1.4 2.4 3.9 6.2 4.0 1.9 0.8 0.4 0.5 22.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 171.6 196.3 255.2 266.8 300.4 300.1 302.1 298.0 269.7 230.9 180.3 151.0 2,922.4
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [1]

Population

The city has a population of 26,023 (2000 census), 30,479 (2003, est.), 28,601(2007[2]).

In 2005, Jargalant sum (the centre of Khovd Aimag) had 32,351 inhabitants (6,675 households), belonging to more than ten ethnic groups and nationalities such as Uuld, Khalkh, Zakhchin, Torguud, Uriankhai, Myangad, Durvud, Bayad, Kazak, Chantuu and Üzemchin.[3]


Khovd as seen from the cemetery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Khovd Climate Normals 1973-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
  2. ^ Khovd Aimag Statistical Office 2007 Annual Report
  3. ^ Dr Jörg Janzen (2006). "Feasibility Assessment of Sustainable Use of Land and Water in the Buyant River Delta, Khovd Aimag" (PDF). National University of Mongolia. p. 138. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 August 2007.
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