Khardaha

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Khardaha
Khardah
Neighbourhood in Kolkata
Urban Agglomeration/City
Khardaha railway station
Khardaha railway station
Khardaha is located in West Bengal
Khardaha
Khardaha
Khardaha is located in India
Khardaha
Khardaha
Coordinates: 22°43′N 88°23′E / 22.72°N 88.38°E / 22.72; 88.38Coordinates: 22°43′N 88°23′E / 22.72°N 88.38°E / 22.72; 88.38
Country  India
State West Bengal
City Kolkata
Government
 • Municipality Chairman Taposh Paul[1]
Area
 • Total 6.87 km2 (2.65 sq mi)
Elevation 15 m (49 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 108,496
 • Density 16,000/km2 (41,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 700118
Telephone code +91 33
Lok Sabha constituency Dum Dum
Vidhan Sabha constituency Khardaha
Website khardahmunicipality.in

Khardaha, also called Khardah or Kharda, is a city and municipality in Barrackpore subdivision[2] of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration.

History

Initially Khardah was a part of South Barrackpore and West Barrackpore municipalities established in 1877. South Barrackpore Municipality was renamed Khardah Municipality in 1920.[3]

Geography

Cities and towns in the southern portion of Barrackpore subdivision in North 24 Parganas district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town,
N: neighbourhood/ administrative location
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location

Khardaha is located at 22°43′N 88°23′E / 22.72°N 88.38°E / 22.72; 88.38.[4] It has an average elevation of 15 m (49 ft). It has a railway station on the Sealdah-Ranaghat section, sandwiched between Sodepur (to the south) and Titagarh (to the north). The railway station divides the city into two parts - the eastern part is known as Rahara, while the western part is known as Khardaha.

Khardaha is bounded by Titagarh on the north, Patulia, Bandipur and Panihati on the east, Kamarhati on the south, and the Hooghly on the west.[5]

96% of the population of Barrackpore subdivision (partly presented in the map alongside, all places marked in the map are linked in the full screen map) lives in urban areas. In 2011, it had a density of population of 10,967 per km2 The subdivision has 16 municipalities and 24 census towns.[6]

For most of the cities/ towns information regarding density of population is available in the Infobox. Population data is not available for neighbourhoods. It is available for the entire municipal area and thereafter ward-wise.

Police station

Khardaha police station under Barrackpore Police Commissionerate has jurisdiction over Khardaha municipal area and Barrackpore II CD Block.[7][8]

Demographics

Population

Population of Khardaha 
Census Pop.
1921 5,486
1931 6,018 9.7%
1941 9,568 59.0%
1951 18,524 93.6%
1961 28,362 53.1%
1971 36,679 29.3%
1981 50,202 36.9%
1991 88,358 76.0%
2001 122,133 38.2%
2011 108,496 -11.2%
Source:[9]


As per the 2011 Census of India, Khardah had a total population of 108,496, of which 54,879 (51%) were males and 53,617 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 7,332. The total number of literates in Khardah was 95,469 (94.37% of the population over 6 years). [10]

As of 2001 India census,[11] Khardaha had a population of 116,252. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Khardaha has an average literacy rate of 81%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 79%. In Khardaha, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Kolkata Urban Agglomeration

The following Municipalities, Census Towns and other locations in Barrackpore subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Kanchrapara (M), Jetia (CT), Halisahar (M), Balibhara (CT), Naihati (M), Bhatpara (M), Kaugachhi (CT), Garshyamnagar (CT), Garulia (M), Ichhapur Defence Estate (CT), North Barrackpur (M), Barrackpur Cantonment (CB), Barrackpore (M), Jafarpur (CT), Ruiya (CT), Titagarh (M), Khardaha (M), Bandipur (CT), Panihati (M), Muragachha (CT) New Barrackpore (M), Chandpur (CT), Talbandha (CT), Patulia (CT), Kamarhati (M), Baranagar (M), South Dumdum (M), North Dumdum (M), Dum Dum (M), Noapara (CT), Babanpur (CT), Teghari (CT), Nanna (OG), Chakla (OG), Srotribati (OG) and Panpur (OG).[12]

Infrastructure

As per the District Census Handbook 2011, Khardaha municipal city covered an area of 6.87 km2. Amongst the civic amenities it had both open and closed drains. Amongst the medical facilities It had 115 medicine shops. Amongst the educational facilities It had 37 primary schools, 1 middle school, 13 secondary/ senior secondary schools and 1 degree college for arts/science/commerce. Amongst the social, recreational and cultural facilities it had 1 orphanage home, 1 stadium, 3 cinema/theatres, 3 public libraries and 3 reading rooms. It had 6 bank branches.[13]

See also Cities and towns in Barrackpore subdivision

Economy

Industry

Major industries in Khardaha are:

  • Khardah Jute Mill was nationalised in 1980 and made a part of National Jute Manufactures Corporation Limited. It was closed in 2004 and after implementation of a revival scheme Khardah Jute Mill was reopened in 2011.[14][15]
  • Electrosteel Castings Ltd. started manufacturing cast iron pipes at Khardaha in 1955, evolved as a pioneer in ductile iron pipe manufacturing. It produces 280,000 tonnes of ductile iron pipes annually and exports over half of its production. At Khardaha it also produces ductile iron fittings (5,000 tonnes per annum) and 250,000 tonnes of pig iron annually for captive use. Umang Kejriwal and Mayank Kejriwal have been Managing Directors since 1979.[16][17][18]

KMDA

Khardaha municipality is included in the Kolkata Metropolitan Area for which the KMDA is the statutory planning and development authority.[19][20]

Transport

Kolkata new proposed metro route (Baranagar - Barrackpore)

Barrackpore Trunk Road passes through Khardaha.[21]

Khardaha railway station on the Sealdah-Ranaghat line is 18.5 km from Sealdah railway station.[22][21] It is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway system.

Commuters

Around a total of 32 lakh people from all around the city commute to Kolkata daily for work. In the Sealdah-Krishnanagar section there are 34 trains that carry commuters from 30 railway stations. In the Sealdah-Shantipur section 32 trains carry commuters from 29 stations.[23]

Education

There is a Ramnakrishna Mission school at Rahara. The school has class 1 to 12 (Higher secondary) and the teaching medium is both Bengali and English. It is an all boys' school.[24] Khardaha also has an all boys' college which is called, Vivekananda Centenary college, Part of Ramakrishna Math and Mission. Both undergraduate and graduate courses are taught. But, only Science subjects are taught here.[25]

An all girls' school is located right by the side of Rahara Mission, called, Bhabhanath Institution for Girls.[26] Kalyannagar Vidyapeeth, another school is also located in the area.[27]

Health

Khardaha Municipal hospital or Balaram sevamandir is the main Govt. funded hospital in Khardaha.[28] There are lots of private medical dispensaries with their own doctors and specialists can be found all over the town.

Culture

Every year in the month of December, Khardaha municipality organizes Flower show.[29] Also, Khardaha utsav is organized on a regular basis, where singers from all over India come to entertain people.[30] Khardaha book fair is another culturally significant event that happens every year.[30]

References

  1. ^ Khardah Municipality
  2. ^ "CENSUS OF INDIA 2001". web.cmc.net.in. Archived from the original on 2011-11-16. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  3. ^ "Brief history and formation of Khardah Municipality". About us. Khardah Municipality. Retrieved 25 June 2018. 
  4. ^ "Khardah, India". fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Map of Barrackpore II CD Block on Page 379. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 27 June 2018. 
  6. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  7. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Table 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  8. ^ "Barrackpore Police Commissionerate". List of Police Stations with telephone numbers. West Bengal Police. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  9. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  10. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  11. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008. 
  12. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  13. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803; Statement II: Physical Aspects and Location of Towns, Pages 791-794; Statement III: Civic and other Amenities, Pages 795-796; Statement IV: Medical Facilities 2009, Pages 803-805 Section: Educational, Recreational and Cultural Facilities. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  14. ^ "National Jute Manufactures Ltd". NJMC. Retrieved 12 July 2018. 
  15. ^ "Mills under suspension of work as on 26 June 2009". Jute Comissioner, Government of India. Retrieved 12 July 2018. 
  16. ^ "Electrosteel Castings Ltd". ECL. Retrieved 16 July 2018. 
  17. ^ "Electrosteel Castings Ltd". ECL. Retrieved 16 July 2018. 
  18. ^ "Electrosteel Castings Ltd". Zauba Corp. Retrieved 16 July 2018. 
  19. ^ "Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authoity, Annual Report 2010-11". 1/1 Kolkata Metropolitan Area Map. KMDA. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  20. ^ "Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority, Annual Report 2010-11". 1 / 2 Role of KMDA. KMDA. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  21. ^ a b Google maps
  22. ^ "31311 Sealdah-Kalyani Simanta Local". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 12 June 2018. 
  23. ^ Dey, Teesta. "The Suburban Railway Network of Kolkata: A Geographical Apprisal" (PDF). eTraverse, the Indian journal of spatial science, 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2018. 
  24. ^ http://www.rkmissionrahara.org/gotopage.asp?GoTo=P0100
  25. ^ http://rkmvccrahara.org/
  26. ^ https://schools.olympiadsuccess.com/s/north-twenty-four-pargana/rahara-bhabanath-institution-for-girls-ward-no-10-khardaha-municipality-north-twenty-four-pargana-700118
  27. ^ http://www.icbse.com/schools/kalyan-nagar-vidyapith-h-s/19113801703
  28. ^ https://www.google.ca/search?rlz=1C1CHBF_enCA761CA761&q=khardah%20municipal%20hospital&spell=1&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiluv35_OzaAhWb_YMKHQiYCksQvS4ITTAB&biw=1920&bih=974&npsic=0&rflfq=1&rlha=0&rllag=22721238,88376329,850&tbm=lcl&rldimm=16735321182514363834&rldoc=1&tbs=lrf:!2m1!1e2!2m1!1e3!3sIAE,lf:1,lf_ui:2#rlfi=hd:;si:16735321182514363834;mv:!1m3!1d17520.78989064332!2d88.3836738!3d22.70904925!2m3!1f0!2f0!3f0!3m2!1i377!2i457!4f13.1;tbs:lrf:!2m1!1e2!2m1!1e3!3sIAE,lf:1,lf_ui:2
  29. ^ https://www.facebook.com/events/176222865909385
  30. ^ a b http://khardah-rahara.blogspot.ca/

External links

  • Khardah Municipality official website
  • Kolkata/Northern fringes travel guide from Wikivoyage
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