Kent County Cricket Club in 1906

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Kent County Cricket Club
1906 season
Captain CHB Marsham
Ground(s) Canterbury
Catford
Tonbridge
Tunbridge Wells
Gravesend
Maidstone
County Championship 1st
Most runs KL Hutchings (1,454)
Most wickets A Fielder (172)
Most catches J Seymour (43)
Most wicket-keeping dismissals FH Huish (56)

Kent County Cricket Club's 1906 season was the seventeenth season in which the county competed in the County Championship and saw the county win their first Championship title.[1] Kent played 25 first-class cricket matches during the season, losing only four matches overall and only two matches in the 1906 County Championship. They finished equal on points with Yorkshire and Surrey but won the title on the percentage of finished matches won.

Wisden considered that there was a "general consensus" Kent were "the best county side of the year" and that they had "shown the most brilliant form",[1] whilst The Guardian wrote that "a more brilliant side it would be hard to imagine".[2] The title was sealed with a final game victory by an innings against Hampshire, the team's twelfth successive victory. Two of the county's players, Arthur Fielder and Kenneth Hutchings were selected as Wisden Cricketers of the Year in 1907 as a result of their performances during the season.[3]

The Championship victory was the first of four by Kent during the Golden Age of cricket in the years leading up to the First World War. It was celebrated by the club by the commissioning of a famous oil painting Kent vs Lancashire at Canterbury which now hangs in the Long Room in the Lord's Pavilion.

Background

After dominating county cricket in the early years of Queen Victoria's reign, the players who made up Kent's great side of the 1840s had retired and by the 1850s the county had been reduced to often having to amalgamate with other sides to produce a challenging team.[4] The formation of a County Club in Maidstone in 1859 and the amalgamation of this with the original Kent Cricket Club in 1870 to create the modern Kent County Cricket Club, provided the basis for re-emergence, although the club suffered from financial instability[5] and Lord Harris's view was that Kent could not hope to compete at the level it once had throughout the 1870s and 1880s.[6][7] When the County Championship was formerly established in 1890 Kent were initially able to finish only in mid table.[6]

The establishment of the Tonbridge Nursery in 1897 as a player development centre for young professionals was one of the key developments that lay the foundations for the successes of the pre-war period. The Nursery, which was run by Captain William McCanlis and set up and overseen by Tom Pawley, who became the club's General Manager in 1898, provided coaching and match practise for the young professionals who, by 1914, had become the basis of the Kent team, gradually taking the place of the amateurs who had dominated the Kent teams of the 1870s and 80s.[5][7][8][9] By 1906 around 60% of all appearances were by professionals, with bowlers such as Colin Blythe and Arthur Fielder forming the core of the Kent attack.[10] Professional batsmen such as Punter Humphreys and James Seymour became an increasingly important part of Kent's batting lineup, coming together with a group of "gifted"[11] amateurs to produce strong sides.[12]

The Nursery began to pay dividends quickly and Kent finished third in the Championship in 1900.[13] Mid table finishes followed between 1901 and 1903 before the side finished third again in 1904 in the first year of C. H. B. Marsham's captaincy. A sixth-place finish in 1905 saw Seymour, Ted Dillon (who would go on to captain the county) and Arthur Day all score over 1,000 Championship runs and Blythe take 130 wickets.[13] The season had also seen the debut in the Kent Second XI of a young Nursery professional called Frank Woolley.[14]

1906 season

Kent started the season with a match against the MCC at Lord's which they lost by 69 runs.[15] The first four County Championship matches of the season saw losses to Yorkshire and Lancashire, a draw with Essex and a sole win away at Sussex. These were the only losses the side would suffer in the Championship during the season and a run of four wins, including a one wicket win against Surrey which is generally considered the turning point of the season,[1][5] and three draws led up to the visit of the touring West Indian side to Catford in mid July. A victory by an innings and 14 runs was the first of twelve successive wins leading up to the end of the championship season.[5][16]

Eleven of the matches won successively were in the County Championship, but despite the long winning streak Kent could not have won the title without Yorkshire losing at least one game towards the end of the season. On 25 August, with only two matches remaining in the season, Kent won against Worcestershire and Yorkshire lost by a single run against Gloucestershire.[1][5] After a victory against Middlesex, the championship was clinched with a win in the county's final match against Hampshire.[1] The match saw Kent score 610 runs, their highest first-class score at the time, surpassing the 576 they had scored at Worcester in July,[17][18] and remains the highest total made at Dean Park.[19] A loss in the Champion County match against the Rest in September at The Oval completed the season.[20]

Kent scored quickly throughout the year at a rate that averaged 80 runs an hour with a style that is claimed aimed to win matches rather than draw them.[21] The core of the side was formed of professionals who had been coached at the County's Tonbridge Nursery and contributed around 60% of appearances during 1906.[10][21]

Painting

Kent vs Lancashire at Canterbury by Albert Chevallier Tayler, which was commissioned by Kent to celebrate their 1906 County Championship victory.

At a celebratory dinner in London in October, the Kent chairman, George Harris, 4th Baron Harris, suggested that the club commission a painting to celebrate the championship victory.[22] Kent selected Albert Chevallier Tayler as the artist. Tayler was paid 200 guineas by Kent for the painting. Harris suggested that the painting should show an action shot of a match at the St Lawrence Ground, Canterbury, and suggested that the bowler in the painting should be Colin Blythe. Kent had only played three matches at Canterbury during the 1906 season and the match against Lancashire in July was chosen to be depicted. Blythe had taken eight wickets during the match which was part of the annual Canterbury Cricket Week.[22]

The painting, entitled Kent vs Lancashire at Canterbury, remained at the St Lawrence Ground until 1999, at which time it was moved to the Lord's Pavilion as Kent could no longer afford the insurance. In 2006 the painting was sold to a charity foundation at auction for £680,000 and remains on display in the Long Room at Lord's on long-term loan.[23]

Players

Frank Woolley who made his Kent debut in 1906

The 1906 side was captained by Cloudesley Marsham and featured England international players Colin Blythe and Arthur Fielder. Blythe had toured South Africa over the 1905–06 winter and Fielder toured Australia in 1903–04. Both bowlers would go on to tour Australia in 1907–08 as would batsman Kenneth Hutchings who played his first full season in 1906.[24][25][26][27] Fielder and Hutchings were selected as two of Wisden's five Cricketers of the Year in 1907 as a result of their 1906 performances.[3] Future Kent great Frank Woolley made his First XI debut in 1906[28] and the team also featured Wally Hardinge in the early years of his career. Woolley is Kent's all-time leading run scorer and has made the most appearances for the County in first-class cricket whilst Hardinge, who at the time also played football for Newcastle United,[29] is second on both lists. James Seymour, who played in all 22 Championship matches during the season, is the fourth leading run scorer in the County's history and has made the third most appearances for Kent.[30][31]

The side also included Jack Mason, who captained the side in the one game Marsham did not play,[32] and Cuthbert Burnup, both past county captains as well as Arthur Day, who went on to be one of the Cricketers of the Year in 1910[33] and Alec Hearne who had been similarly honoured by Wisden in 1894.[34] Hearne made his final appearance for Kent during July at the Nevill Ground.[35] The main wicket-keeper was Fred Huish, considered to be "first of a line of exceptional Kent wicket-keepers".[36] Woolley and reserve wicket-keeper and batsman Jack Hubble were both awarded their county caps during the season.[37]

The season also saw the penultimate appearance for Kent of George Harris, 4th Baron Harris during the tour match against the West Indies. Harris, who was 55 at the time of the game, was a major figure in Kent and English cricket.[5][38] Raymond Munds also played only one non-championship game for the county during the season, the opening match against MCC.[39]

List of players

Ages given as of the first day of Kent's 1906 County Championship season, 14 May 1906.

Name Birth date Batting style Bowling style Apps Notes
RNR Blaker (1879-10-24)24 October 1879 (aged 26) Right Right arm fast 13
C Blythe (1879-05-30)30 May 1879 (aged 26) Right Slow left arm 18
CJ Burnup (1875-11-21)21 November 1875 (aged 30) Right Slow right arm 13
AP Day (1885-04-10)10 April 1885 (aged 21) Right Right arm leg-break
Right arm fast-medium
11
SH Day (1878-12-29)29 December 1878 (aged 27) Right Right arm fast 1 Won three England football caps in 1906[40]
EW Dillon (1881-02-15)15 February 1881 (aged 25) Right Right arm leg-break 9
WJ Fairservice (1881-05-16)16 May 1881 (aged 24) Right Right arm off-break 16
A Fielder (1877-07-19)19 July 1877 (aged 28) Right Right arm fast 24
HTW Hardinge (1886-02-25)25 February 1886 (aged 20) Right Slow left arm 5
Lord Harris (1851-02-03)3 February 1851 (aged 55) Right Right arm fast 1 One appearance against the touring West Indian side
A Hearne (1863-07-22)22 July 1863 (aged 42) Right Right arm slow 12
JC Hubble (1881-02-10)10 February 1881 (aged 25) Right 9 Wicket-keeper
FH Huish (1869-11-15)15 November 1869 (aged 36) Right 22 Wicket-keeper
E Humphreys (1881-08-24)24 August 1881 (aged 24) Right Slow left arm 25
KL Hutchings (1882-12-07)7 December 1882 (aged 23) Right Right arm fast 18
CHB Marsham (1879-02-10)10 February 1879 (aged 27) Right 24 Club captain
JR Mason (1874-03-26)26 March 1874 (aged 32) Right Right arm fast-medium 12
R Munds (1882-12-28)28 December 1882 (aged 23) Left Right arm slow 1 One appearance against the MCC
J Seymour (1879-10-25)25 October 1879 (aged 26) Right Right arm off-break 25
FE Woolley (1887-05-27)27 May 1887 (aged 18) Left Slow left arm
Left arm medium
16

Source: CricketArchive and CricInfo statistics

Statistics

Kenneth Hutchings who led Kent in run scoring in 1906

During 1906 Kent played 25 first-class matches, including 22 in the County Championship. They won 17, drew four and lost four matches, including only two losses in the Championship.

Match type P W L D Tie Ab Pts Pos
County Championship 22 16 2 4 0 0 14 1st
Other first-class matches 3 1 2 0 0 0

Kenneth Hutchings led the county in run scoring in his first full county season, with a total of 1,454 runs, including 1,358 in the County Championship.[3][41][42] Both Cuthbert Burnup, with 1,116 runs, and James Seymour, with 1,096, also scored more than 1,000 Championship runs. Burnup led the County's Championship averages with 69.75 and made Kent's highest score of the year, 179.[7][42] Both Burnup and Hutchings, who averaged 64.66 in the Championship, scored four centuries during the season.[7][42]

Arthur Fielder was Kent's leading wicket taker in 1906. He took 172 wickets in total for Kent during the season, including 158 in the County Championship at an average of 19.74.[3][43] Colin Blythe took 90 championship wickets at 19.16 and 111 wickets in total for Kent during the season despite not being able to play in seven matches due to an injury to his bowling hand.[7][43] Both Fielder and Blythe took seven wicket hauls during the season, as did Punter Humphreys who returned the best bowling figures of Kent's Championship campaign, 7/33 against Middlesex in June at Tonbridge.[43][44][45] Fielder took 10/90 during the Gentlemen v Players match at Lord's, at the time the only bowler to take 10 wickets in an innings in the fixture,[25] and took six wickets or more on 13 occasions during the season.[3][46]

Fred Huish took 56 wicket-keeping dismissals for Kent during the season, including 41 catches and 11 stumpings in the County Championship.[7][42] James Seymour took 34 catches in the Championship as part of Kent's well respected slip cordon.[25][42] Fielder, Humphreys and Seymour played in all 22 Championship matches with club captain Cloudesley Marsham playing in 21.[42]

Batting statistics

The table below includes all first-class batting during the 1906 season.

First-class batting
Player Matches Innings NO Runs HS Ave 100 50
RNR Blaker 13 18 1 672 122 39.53 1 4
C Blythe 18 25 3 245 53 11.15 0 1
CJ Burnup 13 21 3 1,207 179 67.06 4 6
AP Day 11 18 1 419 82 24.65 0 3
SH Day 1 1 0 3 3 3.00 0 0
EW Dillon 9 15 2 562 85 43.23 0 4
WJ Fairservice 16 24 8 294 61* 18.38 0 1
A Fielder 24 34 19 166 28 11.07 0 0
HTW Hardinge 5 10 1 115 27 12.78 0 0
Lord Harris 1 1 0 33 33 33.00 0 0
A Hearne 12 20 0 553 154 27.65 1 4
JC Hubble 9 14 0 291 77 20.79 0 1
FH Huish 22 32 2 562 93 18.73 0 4
E Humphreys 25 38 0 977 122 25.71 2 4
KL Hutchings 18 28 4 1,454 176 60.58 4 10
CHB Marsham 24 34 3 733 119 23.65 1 3
JR Mason 12 18 2 649 88 40.56 0 7
R Munds 1 2 0 19 19 9.50 0 0
J Seymour 25 42 3 1,244 116 31.89 1 9
FE Woolley 16 26 1 779 116 31.16 1 5

Source: CricketArchive statistics and scorecards.

Bowling statistics

The table below includes all first-class bowling during the 1906 season.

First-class bowling
Player Overs Maidens Runs Wickets BBI Ave 5w 10w
C Blythe 886.5 243 2,209 111 7/63 19.90 10 4
CJ Burnup 24 5 79 1 1/56 7.01 0 0
EW Dillon 9 0 41 1 1/41 41.00 0 0
WJ Fairservice 388.3 93 1,081 45 6/42 24.02 2 1
A Fielder 1,104.5 230 3,535 172 7/49 20.55 17 5
HTW Hardinge 20.4 5 55 4 2/24 13.75 0 0
A Hearne 72 20 193 6 2/25 32.17 0 0
E Humphreys 356 72 1,104 33 7/33 33.45 1 0
KL Hutchings 100 24 372 12 4/73 31.00 0 0
CHB Marsham 7.2 1 30 1 1/0 30.00 0 0
JR Mason 245 77 646 31 4/16 20.84 0 0
J Seymour 7 0 44 0
FE Woolley 371.4 108 887 42 6/39 21.12 3 0

Source: CricketArchive statistics and scorecards.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Stern J, Williams M (eds) (2013) "1906 – Surprise surrounds first championship" in The Essential Wisden: An Anthology of 150 Years of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack, p.657 (available online)
  2. ^ Quoted in Burnton S (2016) The forgotten feats of Kenneth Hutchings, a life cruelly cut short at the Somme, The Guardian, 2016-09-13. Retrieved 2016-09-13.
  3. ^ a b c d e Wilde S (2013) "1907 Five cricketers of the year" in Wisden Cricketers of the Year: A Celebration of Cricket's Greatest Players, pp.58–60. (Available online)
  4. ^ Moseling M, Quarrington T (2013) A Half-Forgotten Triumph: The story of Kent's County Championship title of 1913, pp.1–2. Cheltenham: SportsBooks. ISBN 978-1-907524-40-0.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Kent County Cricket Club Timeline, Kent County Cricket Club. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  6. ^ a b Moseling & Quarrington op. cit. p.2.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Marsham G (1907) A short history of Kent cricket, Wisden Cricketers' Almanack 1907. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  8. ^ Moseling & Quarrington op. cit., pp.2–3.
  9. ^ Lewis P (2013) For Kent and Country, p.33. Brighton: Reveille Press. ISBN 978-1-908336-63-7.
  10. ^ a b Moseling & Quarrington op. cit., p.11.
  11. ^ Moseling & Quarrington 'op. cit. p.3.
  12. ^ McCanlis W (1907) 1907 – Blythe blooms in Kentish nursery, in Stern J & Williams M (eds) (2013) The Essential Wisden: An Anthology of 150 Years of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack, p.657. London: A & C Black. Republished from Wisden Cricketer's Almanack, 1907.
  13. ^ a b Moseling & Quarrington 'op. cit, pp.3–4.
  14. ^ Frank Woolley, Cricketer of the Year 1911, Wisden Cricketers' Almanack, 1911. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
  15. ^ Scorecard - MCC v Kent in 1906, CricketArchive. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  16. ^ Scorecard - Kent v West Indians in 1906, CricketArchive. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  17. ^ 'Highest innings totals for Kent' in Kent County Cricket Club Annual 2017, p.179. Canterbury: Kent County Cricket Club.
  18. ^ County Championship 1906 - Highest team totals, CricketArchive. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  19. ^ Dean Park, Bournmouth - Highest team totals in first-class cricket, CricketArchive. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  20. ^ Scorecard - Champion County match 1906 - The Rest v Kent, CricketArchive. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  21. ^ a b Birley D (1999) A social history of English cricket, p.180. London: Aurum Press.
  22. ^ a b Williamson M A Canterbury tale, CricInfo, 2005-12-09. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  23. ^ Auction feat for cricket painting, BBC News website, 2006-06-27. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  24. ^ Obituary - Colin Blythe, Wisden Cricketers' Almanack 1918. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  25. ^ a b c Obituary - Arthur Fielder, Wisden Cricketers' Almanack 1949. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  26. ^ Deaths in the war 1916, Wisden Cricketers' Almanack 1917. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  27. ^ Burnton S (2016) op. cit.
  28. ^ Wooley FE (1939) My happy cricket life, Wisden Cricketers' Almanack, 1939. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
  29. ^ Wally Hardinge, Football and the First World War. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  30. ^ Most runs for Kent, CricketArchive. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  31. ^ Most appearances for Kent, CricketArchive. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  32. ^ Scorecard - Kent v Surrey in 1906, CricketArchive. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  33. ^ Wilde S (2013) op. cit. pp.67-69 (Available online)
  34. ^ Wilde S (2013) op. cit. pp.20-22 (Available online)
  35. ^ First-class matches played by Alec Hearne, CricketArchive. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  36. ^ Obituary: Fred Huish, Wisden Cricketers' Almanack 1958. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  37. ^ Three former Kent greats honoured in special presentation, Kent County Cricket Club, 2009-08-02. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  38. ^ First-class matches played by Lord Harris, CricketArchive. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  39. ^ First-class matches played by Raymond Munds, CricketArchive. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  40. ^ Samuel Hulme Day, englandstats. Retrieved 2016-02-18.
  41. ^ Cricketer of the Year 1907 - Kenneth Hutchings, Wisden Cricketers' Almanack 1907. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  42. ^ a b c d e f Batting and fielding for Kent - County Championship 1906, CricketArchive. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  43. ^ a b c Bowling for Kent - County Championship 1906, CricketArchive. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  44. ^ County Championship 1906 - five wickets in an innings, CricketArchive. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  45. ^ Kent v Middlesex in 1906, CricketArchive. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  46. ^ Cricketer of the Year 1907 - Arthur Fielder, Wisden Cricketers' Almanack 1907. Retrieved 2016-02-17.

External links

  • Kent County Cricket Club
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