Kediri, East Java

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Kota Kediri
City
Brantas 140722-44832 kdi.JPG
Kediri East Java.jpg RA 3540021.JPG
Clockwise, from top left : View of Mount Wilis and the Brantas River at Kediri, Surowono Temple, Alun-alun Kediri
Official seal of Kota Kediri
Seal
Motto: Joyo ing Boyo
(Javanese: Triumphant Against Catastrophe)
Kota Kediri is located in Indonesia
Kota Kediri
Kota Kediri
Coordinates: 7°48′59.8″S 112°0′42.9″E / 7.816611°S 112.011917°E / -7.816611; 112.011917Coordinates: 7°48′59.8″S 112°0′42.9″E / 7.816611°S 112.011917°E / -7.816611; 112.011917
Country Indonesia
Province East Java
Government
 • Mayor Abdullah Abu Bakar, S.E
Area
 • Total 63.4 km2 (24.5 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2003)
 • Total 252,000
 • Density 3,975/km2 (10,300/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Website www.kotakediri.go.id

Kediri is an Indonesian city, located near the Brantas River in the province of East Java on the island of Java. It is one of two 'Daerah Tingkat II' that have the name 'Kediri' (The other is the Regency of Kediri).

Archaeological artefacts discovered in 2007 appeared to indicate that the region around Kediri may have been the location of the Kediri Kingdom, a Hindu kingdom in the 11th century.[1]

The city is a major trade centre for the Indonesian sugar and cigarette industry.[2]

History

The Brantas River valley was known as the site of classical Javanese culture, particularly between the 10th and 15th centuries. The town of Kediri was established by King Airlangga on the banks of the upper Brantas river in 1042. It was originally called Dahanapura or Daha. After the death of Airlangga his kingdom was divided into two parts: the kingdom of Panjalu in the west, and the kingdom of Janggala in the east. Daha became the capital of Panjalu, and later the capital of the Kediri kingdom.[3]:146–147,158 Over the centuries, control of the city passed to the Singhasari, Majapahit, Demak and Mataram kingdoms.

The name "Kediri", or "Kadiri", is derived from the Sanskrit word Khadri, meaning Indian Mulberry, indicative of the mulberry trees (locally known as pacé or mengkudu) which grew in the area.

VOC troops storming Kediri - then the capital of Trunajaya - in 1678 during the Trunajaya War. Depicted in a 1890 Dutch children's novel.

After the era of the Javanese kingdoms, Kediri went into decline, becoming a small rural settlement, which was later annexed by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) as part of the Dutch conquest of Java. East Java in the 1740s was controlled by Cakraningrat IV, a Madurese regent who was favorably disposed toward the VOC, as he believed the Dutch would help him in securing the independence of Madura from the Kasunanan Kartasura kingdom. However, when his plans were rejected by the VOC, Cakraningrat rise against the Europeans. The rebellion was ultimately suppressed by the VOC, assisted by two generals sent by Pakubuwana II, Sunan Kartasura. Kediri then became part of the VOC and remained under Dutch control until the independence of Indonesia in 1945.[4]

Kediri began to flourish when the Dutch East Indies founded the autonomous Gemeente Kediri in 1906. Zelfstanding Gemeenteschap (self-government with full autonomy) was granted in 1928.

During the Indonesian National Revolution in 1945–1949, Kediri became a target of General Sudirman's guerrilla campaign. In 1965, after the failed 30 September Movement coup, Kediri suffered terrible bloodshed in which thousands of people were killed.[citation needed]

The Gudang Garam kretek tobacco industry was established in 1958 by Chinese Indonesian Tjoa Ing Hwie. He purchased vast lands in Kediri and established a kretek cigar factory. Today, Gudang Garam is the major employer of the city, with more than 40,000 workers.

Administrative Division

City of Kediri is divided into three kecamatan ('districts'), each is headed by a camat. The districts are

  • Kecamatan Pesantren
  • Kecamatan Kota
  • Kecamatan Mojoroto

Society and Culture

Being the site of an ancient capital of Javanese kingdoms, the city is one of the major cultural center for Javanese people, the city also contains some ancient ruins and candis that dates back to the era of Kediri and Majapahit kingdom.

Sport

Kediri is home of Persik Kediri which plays in Premier Division of Indonesian Football League. Persik Kediri has won total two title of Premier Division of Indonesian Football League, last occurring in 2006.

Education

Kediri city has Three National Universities, they are Universitas Brawijaya, STAIN Kediri, Politeknik Negeri Kediri. Kediri also has many private institutions for higher-education, such as Institut Ilmu Kesehatan Bhakti Wiyata, Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri, Universitas Kadiri, and Universitas Islam Kadiri.

Tourism

City of Kediri hardly has natural tourist destination. A few amusement parks are present, e.g. Paggora Amusement Park, Tirtayasa Water Park, Selomangleng Water Park. Selomangleng Cave is a man-made cave used by the princess Dewi Kilisuci to meditate, according to folk tales. A few shopping centres are also built in the city, such as Golden Swalayan, and Kediri Mall. Along with the older shopping district Jalan Dhoho they serve the population of Kediri (both the city and the regency) and the surrounding areas.

List of Mayors of Kediri

Since 1906 Kediri was given status of gemeente, along with its gemeenteraad. The head was an assistent-resident. Since 1929 its status was changed to stadsgemeente with a burgemeester as its head. With the Act no. 16 Year 1950, Kediri is given the status of Kota Besar with a walikota (mayor) within Indonesian administrative structure [5]

Dutch East-Indies period

  • Mr. L.K. Wennekendonk (1929-1936)
  • J.G. Ruesink (1936-1940)
  • M. Scheltema (1940-1941)
  • Dr. J.R. Lette (1941-1942)

Indonesian period

  • R. Soeprapto (1945-1950)
  • R. Dwidjo Soemarto (1950-1960)
  • R. Soedjono (1960-1966)
  • Hartojo (1966-1968)
  • Anwar Zainuddin (1968-1973)
  • Drs. Soedarmanto (1973-1978)
  • Drs. Setijono (1978-1989)
  • Drs. Wijoto (1989-1999)
  • H.A. Maschut (1999-2009)
  • Dr. H. Samsul Ashar Sp.PD (2009-2014)
  • Abdullah Abu Bakar, S.E. (2014-now)

See also

References

  1. ^ Kediri archeological discovery offers clues on ancient kingdom, The Jakarta Post, 24 March 2007.
  2. ^ Kediri, Encyclopædia Britannica.
  3. ^ Cœdès, George (1968). The Indianized states of Southeast Asia. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 9780824803681. 
  4. ^ History of Kediri by City Council
  5. ^ "Undang-undang No. 16 Tahun 1950". http://jdih.surabaya.go.id/pdfdoc/uu_57.pdf. Jaringan Dokumentasi dan Informasi Hukum. 14 August 1950. Retrieved 2 February 2017.  External link in |website= (help)

External links

  • City of Kediri official website
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