Kawartha Lakes

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Kawartha Lakes
City (single-tier)
City of Kawartha Lakes
Kawartha Lakes city hall in Lindsay
Kawartha Lakes city hall in Lindsay
Flag of Kawartha Lakes
Official logo of Kawartha Lakes
Motto(s): "Catch the Kawartha Spirit"
Kawartha Lakes' location within Ontario
Kawartha Lakes' location within Ontario
Coordinates: 44°21′N 78°45′W / 44.350°N 78.750°W / 44.350; -78.750Coordinates: 44°21′N 78°45′W / 44.350°N 78.750°W / 44.350; -78.750
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County (historical) Victoria
Formed by political merger January 1, 2001
Seat Lindsay
 • Mayor Andy Letham
 • Council City of Kawartha Lakes Council
 • MP Jamie Schmale (CPC)
 • MPP Laurie Scott (PC)
 • Land 3,084.38 km2 (1,190.89 sq mi)
Population (2016)[2]
 • Total 75,423
 • Density 24.5/km2 (63/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal Code beginning with K and L
Area code(s) 705
Website www.kawarthalakes.ca

The City of Kawartha Lakes (2016 population 75,423) is a unitary municipality in Central Ontario, Canada. It is a municipality legally structured as a single-tier city; however, Kawartha Lakes is the size of a typical Ontario county and is mostly rural. It is the second largest single-tier municipality in Ontario by land area (after Greater Sudbury).

The main population centres are the communities of Bobcaygeon, Fenelon Falls, Lindsay, Omemee and Woodville.


The city's name is from the Kawartha Lakes. Kawartha is an anglicization of Ka-wa-tha (from Ka-wa-tae-gum-maug or Gaa-waategamaag, meaning), which was coined in 1895 by the aboriginal Martha Whetung of the Curve Lake First Nations. It meant "land of reflections" in the Anishinaabe language, according to Whetung. The word was later changed by tourism promoters to Kawartha, meaning "bright waters and happy lands."[3]

Prior to its restructuring as a city, the area was known as Victoria County. The city was created in 2001, during the ruling provincial Progressive Conservative party's "Common Sense Revolution". Through provincial legislation, the former Victoria County and its constituent municipalities were amalgamated into one entity named the City of Kawartha Lakes.

This act was implemented by the Victoria County Restructuring Commission, led by commissioner Harry Kitchen.[4] Despite a general opposition from residents of the area, the provincial government pushed forward with the amalgamation,[5][6] which officially came into effect on January 1, 2001.

By a narrow margin (51% for, 49% against), the citizens of Kawartha Lakes voted to de-amalgamate in a November 2003 local plebiscite, but the provincial and municipal governments have not taken any steps since the vote to initiate de-amalgamation.[6]


Population trends

Canada census – Kawartha Lakes community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 75,423 (3% from 2011) 73,219 (-1.8% from 2006) 74,561 (7.8% from 2001)
Land area: 3,084.38 km2 (1,190.89 sq mi) 3,083.06 km2 (1,190.38 sq mi) 3,059.47 km2 (1,181.27 sq mi)
Population density: 24.5/km2 (63/sq mi) 23.7/km2 (61/sq mi) 24.4/km2 (63/sq mi)
Median age: 46.7 (M: 45.8, F: 47.6) 48.4 (M: 47.6, F: 49.2) 45.1 (M: 44.3, F: 45.9)
Total private dwellings: 38,444 37,161 37,986
Median household income: $69,465 $52,955
References: 2016[7] 2011[1] 2006[8] earlier[9]

In the 2016 census, the population of the Lindsay urban area was 20,713, up from 20,291 in 2011.[10]

Town of Lindsay
Census Population Change (%)
1991 16,696 Increase22.8%
1981 13,596 Increase6.7%
1971 12,746 Increase11.8%
1961 11,399 Increase18.7%
1951 9,603 Increase15.1%
1941 8,345 Increase11.2%
1931 7,505 Decrease1.5%
1921 7,620 Increase9.4%
1911 6,964 Decrease0.6%
1901 7,003 Increase15.2%
1891 6,081 Increase19.7%
1881 5,080 Increase25.5%
1871 4,049 n/a

Census Division rankings

National rank in terms of population (2016): 73
Provincial rank in terms of population (2016): 33

Ethnocultural and racial statistics

Only ethnic groups that comprise greater than 1% of the population are included. Note that a person can report more than one group[11]

  • English: 45.2%
  • Canadian: 35.0%
  • Irish: 27.6%
  • Scottish: 20.3%
  • French: 10.4%
  • German: 9.4%
  • Dutch: 6.3%
  • First Nations: 2.9%
  • Welsh: 2.6%
  • Polish: 2.2%
  • Italian: 2.2%
  • Ukrainian: 2.2%
  • British Isles (other): 2.0%
  • Hungarian: 1.0%
  • Native: 2.9%
  • Visible minority: 1.6%
Canada 2006 Census Population % of Total Population
Visible minority group
South Asian 365 0.5%
Chinese 95 0.1%
Black 250 0.3%
Filipino 55 0.1%
Latin American 70 0.1%
Arab 45 0.1%
Southeast Asian 20 0%
West Asian 0 0%
Korean 165 0.2%
Japanese 25 0%
Other visible minority 50 0.1%
Mixed visible minority 60 0.1%
Total visible minority population 1,195 1.6%
Aboriginal group
First Nations 805 1.1%
Métis 420 0.6%
Inuit 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 1,255 1.7%
White 70915 96.7%
Total population 73,365 100%


Kawartha Lakes is governed by a City Council consisting of the Mayor and one councillor from each of the City's wards. From 2001 to the 2018 election, there were 16 wards and councillors, but this was changed to 8 wards for the 2018 election.[14] The mayor and councillors are elected for four-year terms, as mandated by the Government of Ontario for all municipalities in the province. The mayor of Kawartha Lakes is Andy Letham.

For purposes of electing representatives both provincially and federally, the city is within the riding of Haliburton—Kawartha Lakes—Brock. Its Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) is Laurie Scott of the Progressive Conservative Party, elected in 2018. Its federal Member of Parliament (MP) is Jamie Schmale of the Conservative Party, who was elected in 2015.


The following is a list of all the former incorporated villages, unincorporated hamlets and communities, rural post offices, and rural post offices abandoned after the start of rural mail delivery.

  • Ancona Point
  • Argyle
  • Aros
  • Avery Point
  • Baddow
  • Baker Trail
  • Ballyduff
  • Barclay
  • Bellevue
  • Bethany
  • Bethel
  • Birch Point
  • Bobcaygeon
  • Bolsover
  • Brunswick
  • Burnt River
  • Burton
  • Bury's Green
  • Cambray
  • Cameron
  • Camp Kagawong
  • Campbells Beach
  • Coboconk
  • Corson's Siding
  • Cowan's Bay
  • Crawfords Beach
  • Cresswell
  • Crosshill
  • Cunningham's Corners
  • Dalrymple
  • Dartmoor (ghost town)
  • Daytonia Beach
  • Dongola
  • Downeyville
  • Dunsford
  • East Emily
  • Eldon
  • Fairburn Corner
  • Fee's Landing
  • Feir Mill
  • Fell Station
  • Fenelon Falls
  • Fingerboard
  • Fleetwood (ghost town)
  • Fleetwood Station
  • Fowlers Corners
  • Fox's Corners
  • Frank Hill
  • Franklin
  • Gilsons Point
  • Glamorgan
  • Glandine
  • Glenarm
  • Glenway Village
  • Grasshill
  • Greenhurst-Thurstonia
  • Hartley
  • Head Lake
  • Hickory Beach
  • Hillhead Corners
  • Horncastle (ghost town)
  • Isaacs Glen
  • Islay
  • Janetville
  • Joyvista Estates
  • Kenedon Park
  • Kennedy Bay
  • Kenrei Park
  • Kenstone Beach
  • Keystone Beach
  • King's Wharf
  • Kinmount
  • Kirkfield
  • Lake Dalrymple
  • Lancaster Bay
  • Lifford
  • Linden Valley
  • Lindsay
  • Little Britain
  • Long Beach
  • Long Point
  • Lorneville
  • Lotus
  • MacKenzie Point
  • Mallards Bay
  • Manilla
  • Manvers
  • Mariposa Station
  • Mariposa
  • McCrackin's Beach
  • McGuire Beach
  • Mount Horeb (ghost town)
  • Newmans Beach
  • Norland
  • Oak Hill
  • Oakdene Point
  • Oakwood
  • O'Donnell Landing
  • Omemee
  • Orange Corners
  • Palestine
  • Pickerel Point
  • Pleasant Point
  • Pontypool
  • Port Hoover
  • Powles Corners
  • Ragged Rapids (ghost town)
  • Reaboro
  • Red Cap Beach
  • Rohallion
  • Rokeby
  • Rosedale
  • Sadowa
  • Salem Corners[15]
  • Sandy Point
  • Sebright
  • Silver Lake
  • Snug Harbour
  • Southview Estates
  • St. Mary's
  • Sturgeon Point
  • Sullivan's Bay
  • Sylvan Glen Beach
  • Taylor's Corners
  • Tracey's Hill
  • Union Creek
  • Uphill
  • Valentia
  • Verulam Park
  • Victoria Place
  • View Lake
  • Washburn Island
  • Watson's Siding
  • Woodville
  • Yelverton
  • Zion

Victoria County

Prior to 2001, Victoria County consisted of 13 separate townships and 6 incorporated villages with their own local governments:[16]


Population centres:

The township of Laxton, Digby and Longford is an amalgamation of the once individual townships of Digby and Laxton, and half of the original Longford Township. The separate township of Longford is uninhabited, though dotted with abandoned logging towns. In 2000, just prior to amalgamation into the city of Kawartha Lakes, the township of Verulam and the village of Bobcaygeon were amalgamated into the Municipality of Bobcaygeon/Verulam.[17]

Incorporated communities


Air transportation

Kawartha Lakes Municipal Airport, a Transport Canada certified airport, has 24-hour radio operated lighting and provides access to key points throughout Ontario. Kawartha Lakes Municipal Airport is located one nautical mile west north west of Lindsay. It offers a card lock fuel system and can be used by both private and commercial airplanes.

Water transportation

Towns and villages in City of Kawartha Lakes are interconnected by rivers, lakes and streams that can be best navigated May to October. The Trent-Severn Waterway, which extends from Bay of Quinte on Lake Ontario to Georgian Bay in the north, is part of the waterways in City of Kawartha Lakes. Five locks, Bobcaygeon 32, Lindsay 33, Fenelon Falls 34, Rosedale 35, and Kirkfield 36 are part of the Trent-Severn National HistoricSsite and operated by Parks Canada. Coboconk is noted as being Canada's fresh water summit with waters flowing two different directions. It is the highest navigable point in Canada from which it is possible to reach the world. There are no water taxis operating in City of Kawartha Lakes. Boat and houseboat rentals are available.

Land transportation

The following King's Highways pass through the city:

The following multi-use trails pass through the city:

  • Lindsay-Peterborough (east-west) rail line, part of the Trans Canada Trail
  • Bethany-Haliburton (north-south) rail line, known as the Victoria Rail Trail [18]

Public transportation

Because of the largely rural composition of the City of Kawartha Lakes, there is limited public transportation. City of Kawartha Lakes has public bus transit in the town of Lindsay only (known as Lindsay Transit), running three lines of hourly service Monday-Saturday from 7am-7pm.[19]

On June 21, 2015 the pilot project rural bus route serving part of City of Kawartha Lakes ended service. The rural bus stopped in Lindsay, Dunsford, Bobcaygeon, Fenelon Falls, and Cameron.[20]

Most school children are bussed to elementary and high school.

Bus companies

CanAr Bus Lines offers service between Toronto and Haliburton with nine stops in City of Kawartha Lakes - Yelverton, Highway 7 and 35, Lindsay Inn, William and Kent in Lindsay, Cameron, Rosedale, Fenelon Falls, Coboconk and Norland.[21]

Train routes

The last Canadian National Railway (CN) train to run through City of Kawartha Lakes was on the Lindsay - Uxbridge line which ceased operation in 1991.[22]

The last passenger train to run through the City of Kawartha Lakes was No. 189 with Budd Car VIA 6104 from Havelock to Toronto Union Station over Canadian Pacific Railway (CP) lines on January 14, 1990.[23]

CP freight trains continue to operate through the City of Kawartha Lakes on the Havelock Subdivision (MP 133.23 - MP 143.22) which passes through Pontypool (MP 139.1)[24]

High-level discussions organized by the Shining Waters Railway continue about returning passenger rail-service to the Midtown Toronto to Havelock line with a stop in Pontypool.[25]

The Trans Canada Trail which is situated on the old rail line from Uxbridge, continues to be a possibility for commuter service to Toronto and Pearson Airport, from the Highway 7 bridge.

Taxi services

There are several private taxi services in City of Kawartha Lakes licensed by the local government.

Car/van pools

Several businesses and organizations offer car and van pooling through Car Pool World including Sir Sandford Fleming College.[26]


Protected areas


  • Kawartha Lakes This Week (established as Lindsay This Week in 1977)
  • The Kawartha Promoter[29] (bi-weekly news magazine published out of Bobcaygeon)
  • "Omemee Pigeon eFlyer" (established in 2011 to highlight rural news and events in the area between Lindsay and Peterborough) [30]
  • 91.9 BOB FM (CKLY-FM) transmits from Lindsay
  • CKLR - City of Kawartha Lakes Radio Broadcasts from Fenelon[31] Falls[32]
  • CHEX-TV transmits on Channel 12 from Peterborough
  • 100.3 LIFE FM, transmitting at 89.3 from Peterborough
  • The Lindsay Post (established in Beaverton as The Canadian Post in 1857, moved to Lindsay in 1861. Ceased publication in 2013.)
  • The Lindsay Advocate (online and print news magazine focused on social and economic issues.)

Surrounding counties


  1. ^ a b "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
  2. ^ "Kawartha Lakes census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
  3. ^ Rayburn, Alan. Place Names in Ontario. University of Toronto Press. p. 176.
  4. ^ "Municipal Government for Victoria County: A New Beginning - Final Report and Order" (PDF). ODW Ontario Government Documents. 2000-04-19. Retrieved 2017-06-07.
  5. ^ a b "Yes Victoria - Citizens for the de-amalgamation of the city of Kawartha Lakes". Yesvictoria.com. Retrieved 2009-07-12.
  6. ^ a b c "Voices of Central Ontario - Historical summary". Voconews.com. Archived from the original on 2009-10-27. Retrieved 2009-08-05.
  7. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2017-06-07.
  8. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-01.
  9. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  10. ^ "Lindsay, Ontario Census Profile". 2016 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2017-06-07.
  11. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Statistics Canada: Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada Highlight Tables, 2006 Census". 12.statcan.ca. Retrieved 2017-06-07.
  12. ^ Lakes&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=, Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  13. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Statistics Canada: Aboriginal Peoples Highlight Tables, 2006 Census". 12.statcan.ca. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  14. ^ "Ward Boundaries". City of Kawartha Lakes. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  15. ^ "Salem Corners". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  16. ^ Algonquin Park and Kawarthas map. MapArt Corporation. 1998.
  17. ^ Order of the Commission, (on Victoria County) (PDF), April 19, 2000, archived from the original (PDF) on May 9, 2008, retrieved 2009-08-05
  18. ^ "Victoria Rail Trail Corridor (VRTC) — City of Kawartha Lakes". City.kawarthalakes.on.ca. Retrieved 2016-03-18.
  19. ^ "Lindsay Transit — City of Kawartha Lakes". City.kawarthalakes.on.ca. Archived from the original on 2016-03-24. Retrieved 2016-03-18.
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-31. Retrieved 2014-04-12.
  21. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-09-02. Retrieved 2014-04-12.
  22. ^ [1][dead link]
  23. ^ "6104". Cnrphotos.com. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  24. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-10-18. Retrieved 2014-10-12.
  25. ^ "Shining Waters Railway". Shiningwatersrailway.com. Archived from the original on 2013-05-04. Retrieved 2016-03-18.
  26. ^ "Kawartha Lakes Car Pooling - Need A Ride?". Kawarthalakesmums.blogspot.ca.
  27. ^ "Kawartha Trans Canada Trail - Kawartha Trans Canada Trail". Ktct.ca. Retrieved 2016-03-18.
  28. ^ Krewen, Nick (26 March 2011). "Neil Young: take a look at his life" – via Toronto Star.
  29. ^ "Magazine". Thepromoter.ca. Retrieved 2016-03-18.
  30. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-15. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
  31. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-16. Retrieved 2014-10-12.
  32. ^ "All Southern half of the City of Kawartha Lakes including the communities of Lindsay, Omemee, Pontypool, Little Britain, Cameron, Woodville and Kirkfield Categories". Lindsaychamber.com. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  33. ^ Municipal Government for Victoria County - A New Beginning (Final Report) (PDF), 2000-04-19, archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-21, retrieved 2009-07-22
  34. ^ "Kawartha Lakes (city) community profile". 2006 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-06-10.

External links

  • City of Kawartha Lakes
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