Karunagappalli

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Karunagappally
Town, Municipality, Taluk
Karunagappally Town Aerial View
Karunagappally Town Aerial View
Karunagappally is located in Kerala
Karunagappally
Karunagappally
Location in Kerala, India
Karunagappally is located in India
Karunagappally
Karunagappally
Karunagappally (India)
Coordinates: 9°3′16″N 76°32′7″E / 9.05444°N 76.53528°E / 9.05444; 76.53528Coordinates: 9°3′16″N 76°32′7″E / 9.05444°N 76.53528°E / 9.05444; 76.53528
Country  India
State Kerala
District Kollam
Government
 • Body Karunagappally Municipality
 • Chairperson M Sobhana
 • Vice Chairman Sakeena Salam
Area
 • Total 66.34 km2 (25.61 sq mi)
Elevation 14 m (46 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 45,336[1]
 • Density 856/km2 (2,220/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 690518
Telephone code +91 (0)4762
ISO 3166 code IN-KL
Vehicle registration KL-23
Nearest city Kollam (27 km)
Sex ratio 999 /
Literacy 94.26%
Civic agency Karunagappally Municipality
Climate Am/Aw (Köppen)
Avg. annual temperature 27.2 °C (81.0 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 35 °C (95 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 24.4 °C (75.9 °F)

Karunagappalli, also written as Karunagappally, is a municipality in Kollam district of Kerala, India. Karunagappalli is situated 27 km (17 mi) north of Kollam and 60 km (37 mi) south of Alappuzha. Karunagappalli taluk consists of Alappad, Ochira, Adinad, Karunagappally, Thazhava, Pavumba, Thodiyoor, Kallalibhagom, Thevalakkara, Chavara, Neendakara, Clappana, Kulasekharapuram, Thekkumbhagam, Ayanivelikulangara, Panmana and Vadakumthala.[2] The municipality is bound on the north by Kayamkulam, on the east by Kunnathur taluk, on the south by Kollam and on the west by the Arabian Sea. It is the largest town in the district outside of Kollam.

Karunagappally is the location of a government engineering college named the College of Engineering Karunagappally, also known as [3] CEK. Europeans called Karunagappally as Martha.

Tourist attractions

The main tourist attraction is the House boat facility in Alumkadavu which is close (only 3 km) to Karunagappally town.[4] Sree Narayana Trophy boat race, an annual boat race is organised in the Kannety (Pallickal) River, Karunagappally, during the season of Onam Festival.Now a days Houseboat, Safari boat and Speed boat services are operated from Kannetty boat club which 1km apart from karunagappally ksrtc bus stand to various places like Amrithapuri, Azheekkal beach, harbour, Ashtamudi lake through Vattakkayal, kattilmekkathil temple and chavara canal. And also to champakkadavu where we can enjoy the beauty of villages, rare species of birds and diversity. The famous Chinese fishing nets can be found on the banks of the lagoon. The Amritapuri ashram is also situated in Parayakadavu, which is 8 km from karunagappally. Other tourist attractions are Alumkadavu Backwater, Oachira temple, Pandarathuruth Church, Sheik Masjid Mosque, Padanayarkulangara Mahadeva Temple, Thazhava, Kovilthottam Light House, Sasthamkotta Lake etc. Alumkadavu is the place where first houseboat made in india.

Recently, Azheekal Beach is gaining popularity as a local tourist attraction.

Azheekal Beach
Azheekal beach 
Azheekal Pozhi
Azheekal Pozhi 

Karunagappally was an ancient Buddhist site. There was a Buddha bhikshu named Karinagan who lived in karunagappally. He later became known as Pallikkal Puthran( as karunagappally is situated on the banks of pallikkal river) hence the name karunagappally.lots of traces of ancient Buddhist culture were excavated from various places in and around karunagappally. A statue of Karinagan was placed in front of Mahadevar temple at the heart of the city . Now it has been moved to Krishnapuram Palace, Kayamkulam.

Demographics

Under 2011 India census, the population of Karunagappalli Municipality is 45,336.[5] Under Religious Demography, 75% of total population is Hindu community and Muslims, the second largest community having 19%. The Christian community is scattered and spread over Panchayths and Municipality limits ,and account for 6% of the population. In the coastal panchaythat Azheekal, almost 100% of the population belongs to the Hindu community. The high literacy of Kerala is reflected in Karunagappalli as well with 94.23% of the population classified as literate as against the national average of 74.04%.[6] Karunagappalli as a taluk, the total population calculated as per the growth rate of 2% is 418724 in 2017.

Economy

Karungappalli used to be an agrarian economy until the late 19th century with coconut, banana, tapioca and paddy as the main crops grown. With rapid urbanization and the consequent pressure on land, the reliance on agriculture has dwindled. Several cottage and small industries have now come up in the area including brick making, engineering and electronics. Proximity to Kollam (27 km) and the excellent road and rail infrastructure have helped in this transition.

Fishing forms the major source of livelihood for the coast dwellers. The area also receives substantial foreign remittances from the large number of people from here working in the Gulf countries. Now Kerala's many prominent business centres had their branches here.

Environment

Karunagappalli is known for high background radiation from thorium-containing monazite sand. In some coastal panchayats, median outdoor radiation levels are more than 4 mGy/yr and, in certain locations on the coast, it is as high as 70 mGy/yr.[7]

Transport

By Road

Karunagappally is on the Kanyakumari-Kochi-Panvel National Highway 66 route. In taluk, Oachira to Neendakara is accessible through this same highway.

Main road transport is provided by State owned Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) and private transport bus operators. KSRTC Bus Station is situated in the heart of the town, on the National Highway 66 . Buses are available from Karunagappally to Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram, Alappuzha, Ernakulam, Thrissur, Kottayam, Kayamkulam, Shasthamkotta, Harippad, Kottarakkara, Kodungallur, Guruvayur etc. Local services are also available to various places in the district. The station operates Super Fast, Fast Passenger, Non AC lowfloor, Venad and Ordinary buses.

Road transport is also supported by private taxis and Autorikshaws, also called as autos. Now online taxi Mango cabs are also available from here. [8]

By Rail

Karunagappalli railway station ,(KPY) is a B grade (NSG Grade 4) railway station situated in Edakkulangara. It falls on the Kollam-Kayamkulam rail route of the Thiruvananthapuram-Ernakulam railway line and is only 1.5 km far from the KSRTC bus station. Auto rickshaws are available from and to the railway station at all time. Buses are available to Railway station bus stop every 15 minutes (150 meters from station). Also buses are available from town to ALUMOODU Jn. bus stop every 5 minutes, which is only 700 meters away from KPY railway station (walkable distance).

Mumbai(Lokamanyathilak)-Thiruvananthapuram-Lokamanyathilak Netravati Express, Kanyakumari-Bangalore-Kanyakumari Island Express,TVC-Hydrabad-TVC Sabari Express,kanyakumari -Mumbai-Kanyakumari Jayanthy Janatha Express,Nagarcoil-mangalur-Nagarcoil Ernad Express,TVC-Mangalur-TVC Maveli Express,TVC-Ernakulam-TVC Vanchinad Express, Nagarcoil-mangalur-Nagarcoil Parasuram Express,TVC-Shornur-TVC Venad Express,TVC-Mangalur-TVC Malabar Express,TVC-palakkad-TVC Amritha Express, Rajya Rani Express, Thiruvananthapuram-Guruvayoor-TVC Intercity Express, Kollam - Visakhapatnam Express,Trivandrum-Mangalapuram-Trivandrum Express and punalur palakkad Palaruvi Express are the main train connections. Around 50 trains have stop here in both directions. Station Code: KPY.

By Air

Trivandrum International Airport is the nearest airport and is easily accessible via the National Highway 66.

Politics

Karunagapalli assembly constituency is part of Alappuzha Lok Sabha constituency and the major political parties in Karunagappally municipality and nearby panchayaths were CPI[M], CONGRESS, BJP.[9]

Including Neendakara, Thevalakkara, Chavara and Panmana Panchayaths, Chavara assembly constituency is part of Quilon Lok Sabha constituency. RSP, CPI, BSP, BJP etc. are major political parties there.

Industries

The major industries in the public sector are Indian Rare Earths Limited (IRE) & Kerala Minerals and Metals Limited (KMML) in Shankaramangalam.KERAFED in Puthiyakavu, House Boat Manufacturing in Alumkadavu, the state owned Kerala Feeds Ltd in Kallelibhagom are also major industries. The KMML is the first of its kind.

Cashew nut industry plays a vital role. Western India cashews in Puthiyakavu and Latha cashews in Charamurimuk are the major cashew processing units in town limits. Coconut, Paddy, Tapioca, Banana etc. are the other main agricultural crops. Prominent small scale and cottage industries are based on bricks, well rings making, engineering, electronics items and handicrafts

Religious centers

There were a lot of temples were seen in karunagapally and nearby panchayaths. There are many mosques and churches also. Major religious centers are Padanayarkulangara mahadeva temple,Ochira parabrahma temple, sree Mookumpuzha Devi temple, Maruthurkulangara mahadeva temple, Mararithottam Mahadeva temple, Puthiyakavu devi temple, karunagappally Jamaat mosque, Vallikkavu temple,Puliyankulangara temple

References

  1. ^ "Karunagappalli Population - Census 2011". census2011.co.in. Census India. Retrieved 9 January 2016. 
  2. ^ [1] Taluks & Villages - Kollam District
  3. ^ "CEK - College of Engineering Karunagappally". College of Engineering Karunagappally. 
  4. ^ [2] Karunagappally Tourism at a glance.
  5. ^ "Karunagappalli Population - Census 2011". census2011.co.in. Census India. Retrieved 9 January 2016. 
  6. ^ "Census 2011" (PDF). 
  7. ^ Nair RR, Rajan B, Akiba S, Jayalekshmi P, Nair MK, Gangadharan P, Koga T, Morishima H, Nakamura S, Sugahara T (January 2009). "Background radiation and cancer incidence in Kerala, India-Karanagappally cohort study". Health Physics. 96: 55–66. doi:10.1097/01.HP.0000327646.54923.11. PMID 19066487. 
  8. ^ [3] Facebook - Mango Cabs - Kollam- karunagappally - Home
  9. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  • Karunagappally Taluk

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