Public holidays in Indonesia

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The following table indicates declared Indonesian government national holidays for the year 2017 only—cultural variants also provide opportunity for holidays tied to local events. Beside official holidays, there are the so-called "libur bersama" or "cuti bersama", or joint leave(s) declared nationwide by the government. In total there are 15 public holidays, and 9 "cuti bersama" or joint holidays.

2018 public holidays

Date (Gregorian calendar) Date (Religious calendar) English name Local name Remarks
1 January New Year's Day Tahun Baru Masehi New Year of Gregorian calendar
16 February Chinese New Year Tahun Baru Imlek 1st day of 1st month of Chinese calendar. Public holiday since 2003
17 March Kasa 1 Pawukon 40 Day of Silence Hari Raya Nyepi, Tahun Baru Saka New Year of the Balinese saka calendar. Public holiday since 1983
30 March Good Friday Wafat Isa Al-Masih, Jumat Agung Date varies; the Friday before Easter Sunday (the first Sunday after the first Paschal Full Moon following the vernal equinox)
14 April Rajab 27 Ascension of the Prophet Isra Mi'raj Nabi Muhammad Date varies according to the Islamic calendar
1 May Labour Day Hari Buruh Internasional Public holiday since 2014
10 May Ascension of Jesus Christ Kenaikan Isa Al-Masih Date varies
29 May Every May of Vaisakha Buddha's Birthday Hari Raya Waisak Date varies according to the Buddhist calendar. Public holiday since 1983
1 June Pancasila Day Hari Lahir Pancasila Public holiday since 2017,
marks the date of Sukarno's 1945 address on the national ideology
15-16 June Shawwal 1-2 Eid al-Fitr Hari Raya Idul Fitri (Lebaran Mudik) Date varies according to the Islamic calendar
17 August Independence Day Hari Ulang Tahun Kemerdekaan R.I. Anniversary of the proclamation of independence read by Mr. Soekarno and Mr. Hatta in 1945
22 August Dhu al-Hijjah 10 Feast of the Sacrifice Hari Raya Idul Adha (Lebaran Haji) Date varies according to the Islamic calendar
11 September Muharram 1 Islamic New Year Tahun Baru Islam 1440 Hijriah 1st day of the Muharram, the beginning of the New Islamic year
20 November Rabi' al-awwal 12 Birth of the Prophet Maulid Nabi Muhammad Birthday of the Islamic prophet Muhammad
25 December Christmas Hari Raya Natal

Other observances

In addition to the official holidays, many religious, historical, and other traditional holidays populate the calendar, as well as observances proclaimed by officials and lighter celebrations. These are rarely observed by businesses as holidays.

Date (Gregorian calendar) English name Local name Year established Remarks
Dates vary Galungan and Kuningan Galungan & Kuningan
Dates vary Lantern Festival Cap Go Meh "Ending of 15th days celebration of Chinese New Year"
3 January Ministry of Religious Affairs Day[1] Hari Kementerian Agama Republik Indonesia The founding of the Indonesian Ministry of Religious Affairs in 1946.
15 January Ocean Duty Day / Day of the Sea and Ocean Event[1] Hari Dharma Samudera / Hari Peristiwa Laut dan Samudera Commemorate the services and sacrifices of those who died in various battles at sea. The day is the date of the Battle of Arafura Sea in 1962.
25 January Food and Nutrition Day / National Nutrition Day[1] Hari Gizi dan Makanan / Hari Gizi Nasional The day of the founding of dietetic school Sekolah Djuru Penerang Makanan on January 25, 1951 by Poorwo Soedarmo.[1]
6 April National Fisherman Day[1] Hari Nelayan Nasional
21 April Kartini Day Hari Kartini "Women Emancipation Day"
22 April Earth Day Hari Bumi
2 May National Education Day Hari Pendidikan Nasional 1959 In remembrance of Ki Hajar Dewantara's birthday, a prominent Indonesian educator.
Day of the Military Police of the Indonesian National Armed Forces Hari POM TNI [1]
20 May National Awakening Day Hari Kebangkitan Nasional 1985 In remembrance of the 1908 formation of the first nationalist group, Budi Utomo.
29 June National Family Day Hari Keluarga Nasional (Harganas) 2014 [2][3]
23 July National Children Day Hari Anak Nasional 1984 [4][1]
23 September / 21 August(?) National Maritime Day Hari Maritim Nasional 1964 The proposal of August 21 as National Maritime Day (the day when the Indonesian independence fighter attacked the Japanese military storage in Pulau Nyamukan (Djamuan Riff), near Surabaya, on August 21, 1945) was disputed by the Association of Indonesian Marine Youth (APMI) because at that time the Indonesian Navy has not been formed. BKR Laut, the predecessor of the Indonesian Navy, was formed later on September 10, 1945. The September 23 date refers to the first (and last) Musyawarah Maritim in 1963, and actually has been established as National Maritime Day in 1964 during the tenure of Sukarno as the president of Indonesia but was overlooked by the recent government.[5][6]
2 October National Batik Day Hari Batik Nasional 2009 The international designation of the Indonesian batik as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity in 2009.[7]
5 October Indonesian National Armed Forces Day Hari Tentara Nasional Indonesia The founding of Tentara Keamanan Rakyat ("People's Security Army"), the predecessor of TNI.
28 October Youth Pledge Day Hari Sumpah Pemuda 1967 Commemoration of the 1928 Youth Pledge
30 October Indonesian Banknote Day Hari Oeang, Hari Keuangan Republik Indonesia The printing of the first Oeang Republik Indonesia, the first 'Indonesian rupiah' bank note, in 1946.[8]
10 November Heroes' Day Hari Pahlawan Commemoration of the 1945 Battle of Surabaya
12 November Father's Day Hari Ayah Established in 2006 following international trend of Father's Day.[9]
12 November National Health Day Hari Kesehatan Nasional Marks the day when Sukarno officially begins the malaria eradication project by spraying DDT in the village of Kalasan (1959).[10]
14 November Mobile Brigade Day[1] Hari Brigade Mobil Founding of the Mobile Brigade in 1946.
14 November World Diabetes Day Hari Diabetes Sedunia International observance.
13 December Nusantara Day Hari Nusantara 2001 The recognition of the boundary of the Indonesian archipelago, started with the announcement of the Deklarasi Djoeanda on December 13, 1957, which eventually leads to the recognition of the principles of the Nusantara in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea in 1982.[11]
22 December Mother's Day Hari Ibu 1959

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Hari-Hari Penting di Indonesia" [Important observances in Indonesia]. Sekretariat Kabinet Republik Indonesia. Sekretariat Kabinet Republik Indonesia. July 3, 2015. Archived from the original on August 10, 2016. Retrieved August 10, 2016. 
  2. ^ Keppres no 39 tahun 2014
  3. ^ 29 Juni Ditetapkan Sebagai Hari Keluarga Nasional Tapi Bukan Hari Libur
  4. ^ Keppres no 44 tahun 1984
  5. ^ Keppres Nomor 249 Tahun 1964
  6. ^ "APMI Gugat Pengusulan 21 Agustus sebagai Hari Maritim Nasional" [APMI Sues the Proposal of August 21 as National Maritime Day]. Maritime News (in Indonesian). Maritime News. August 21, 2016. Retrieved May 7, 2017. 
  7. ^ Keppres Nomor 33 Tahun 2009
  8. ^ kemenkeu.go.id: History of Indonesian Money accessed on 6 March 2015
  9. ^ http://www.sumenepkab.go.id/?page=detailberita.html&id=3569#.Vr9bKfl96Um
  10. ^ "Hari Kesehatan Nasional" [National Health Day]. Pusat Promosi Kesehatan - Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia (in Indonesian). Direktorat Promosi Kesehatan dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat. 2016. Archived from the original on February 13, 2016. Retrieved February 13, 2016. 
  11. ^ Keppres no 126 tahun 2001

Cited works

  • Iwan Gayo (1991). Buku Pintar Seri Junior. Jakarta: Upaya Warga Negara. pp. 342–345. 
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