Karori (New Zealand electorate)

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Karori was a New Zealand electorate, situated in the west of Wellington. It existed from 1946 to 1978, and was represented by three different Members of Parliament during that period.

Population centres

The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including Karori.[1]

The electorate of Karori was created for the 1946 elections.[2] Its initial boundaries were roughly the same as the abolished Wellington West electorate, except that it did not include Brooklyn or Ngaio. It included Karori proper, Northland, Wilton, Makara, and parts of Kelburn.

Redistributions for the 1954 elections saw it lose a small amount of territory to Wellington Central electorate, and gain a small amount from Onslow electorate. Redistributions for the 1957 elections saw it again gain territory (parts of Khandallah and Ngaio) from Onslow, but lose territory to Wellington South electorate. For the Redistributions for the 1963 elections, it gained the whole of Khandallah and Johnsonville from the abolished Onslow electorate, but lost Kelburn, Northland, and Wilton. The 1969 elections saw it lose Johnsonville, regain parts of Wilton and Northland, and gain Ohariu. In the 1972 elections, it lost ground in Wilton and Northland, but regained parts of Johnsonville.

The electorate was abolished through the 1977 electoral redistribution, which came into effect with the 1978 election. The new electorate of Ohariu was roughly based on the Karori electorate, but did not include any of Khandallah or Ngaio.[3]

History

The electorate was held by the National Party for the duration of its existence.[2] Its longest occupant, Jack Marshall, briefly served as Prime Minister.[4]

Members of Parliament

The Karori electorate was represented by three Members of Parliament.[2]

Key

 National  

Election Winner
1946 election Charles Bowden
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election Jack Marshall
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election Hugh Templeton
Electorate abolished 1978; see Ohariu

Election results

1975 election

General election, 1975: Karori[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Hugh Templeton 11,235 56.52
Labour Margaret Shields 6,405 32.22
Values Bill Emsley 1,379 6.93
Social Credit Eric Elliott 829 4.17
Liberal Franz Shaw 15 0.07
Independent Margaret Gellen 14 0.07
Majority 4,830 24.29
Turnout 19,877 83.95 -5.82
Registered electors 23,676

1972 election

General election, 1972: Karori[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Jack Marshall 9,825 55.80 -9.85
Labour Adam Floyd 5,417 30.76
Values Brian Dreadon 1,650 9.37
Social Credit Ron England 676 3.83 -0.97
New Democratic George John Ayo 38 0.21
Majority 4,408 25.03 -11.07
Turnout 17,606 89.77 -0.66
Registered electors 19,611

1969 election

General election, 1969: Karori[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Jack Marshall 11,320 65.65 +6.25
Labour Roy Tombs 5,094 29.55
Social Credit Ron England 828 4.80
Majority 6,226 36.10 +7.54
Turnout 17,242 89.11 +2.23
Registered electors 19,349

1966 election

General election, 1966: Karori[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Jack Marshall 10,961 59.40 -0.27
Labour Peter Blizard 5,691 30.84
Social Credit Stuart Dickson 1,798 9.74
Majority 5,270 28.56 +5.30
Turnout 18,450 86.59 -4.75
Registered electors 21,305

1963 election

General election, 1963: Karori[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Jack Marshall 10,312 59.67 -2.32
Labour Keith Spry 6,292 36.41
Social Credit Barney Thomas Daniel 677 3.92
Majority 4,020 23.26 -3.91
Turnout 17,281 91.34 +3.12
Registered electors 18,919

1960 election

General election, 1960: Karori[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Jack Marshall 9,841 61.99 +4.64
Labour Olive Smuts-Kennedy 5,528 34.83
Social Credit Dorothy Wild 505 3.18
Majority 4,313 27.17 +8.66
Turnout 15,874 88.22 -4.60
Registered electors 17,993

1957 election

General election, 1957: Karori[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Jack Marshall 9,481 57.35 +4.05
Labour Keith Spry 6,420 38.83
Social Credit Barney Thomas Daniel 555 3.35
Independent Thomas Simpson 75 0.45
Majority 3,061 18.51 +6.91
Turnout 16,531 92.82 +4.94
Registered electors 17,809

1954 election

General election, 1954: Karori[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Jack Marshall 8,317 53.30
Labour Jim Bateman 6,506 41.72 +5.20
Social Credit Richard Donald McLaren 778 4.98
Majority 1,811 11.60
Turnout 15,601 87.88 +0.50
Registered electors 17,751

1951 election

General election, 1951: Karori[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Charles Bowden 8,128 63.48 -0.15
Labour Jim Bateman 4,675 36.52
Majority 3,453 26.97 -0.29
Turnout 12,803 88.38 -2.33
Registered electors 14,486

1949 election

General election, 1949: Karori[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Charles Bowden 8,367 63.63 +6.08
Labour Ethel Harris 4,782 36.37
Majority 3,585 27.26 +12.16
Turnout 13,149 90.71 +0.43
Registered electors 14,495

1946 election

General election, 1946: Karori[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Charles Bowden 7,776 57.55
Labour Patrick Connolly Pearse McGavin 5,734 42.45
Majority 2,042 15.10
Turnout 13,510 91.14
Registered electors 14,822

Notes

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  2. ^ a b c Wilson 1985, p. 266.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 114–119.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 58, 218.
  5. ^ a b Norton 1988, pp. 261.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Norton 1988, pp. 260.
  7. ^ "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 23 June 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  8. ^ "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  9. ^ "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.

References

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.
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