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The karaniing (or kereb among the Temiar people or Senoi people, or pergram among the Jah Hut people) is a type of bamboo tube zither played among the Orang Asli tribal peoples of Malaysia.

The pergam variant is made with four strings (in two pairs) cut from the bamboo itself, making this instrument an idiochord. The strings are tuned in intervals of a minor third and often played for ceremonial purposes.[1]

A variant zither called the krem is also played by the Jah Hut people, but is heterochord (strings made of a separate material) vice idiochord.[1] Though the term krem may also be used for the karaniing by the Senoi.[2]


  1. ^ a b Patricia Ann Matusky; Sooi Beng Tan (2004). The Music of Malaysia. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. pp. 298–. ISBN 978-0-7546-0831-8. Retrieved 24 October 2012.
  2. ^ Ghulam-Sarwar Yousof (2004). The Encyclopedia of Malaysia: Performing arts. Archipelago Press. p. 71. Retrieved 24 October 2012. - Called kereb or krem among the Senoi]
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