Karak District

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Karak, Pukhtunkhwa
Khattak
District
Karak
Bahadur Khel salt hill
Bahadur Khel salt hill
Coordinates: 33°08′N 71°05′E / 33.133°N 71.083°E / 33.133; 71.083Coordinates: 33°08′N 71°05′E / 33.133°N 71.083°E / 33.133; 71.083
Country Pakistan
Established Karak was granted district status in July 1982
Headquarters Karak
Government
 • District Nazim Dr Omer Daraz
 • District Naib Nazim Major Sajjad Barak
Area
 • Total 3,372 km2 (1,302 sq mi)
Population (2017)[1]
 • Total 706,299
 • Density 210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of Tehsils 3

Karak (Pashto: کرك‎, Urdu: کرکAbout this sound pronunce ) is a district of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. It is situated to the south of Kohat District and on the north side of Bannu and Lakki Marwat districts on the main Indus Highway between Peshawar and Karachi – it is 123 km from the provincial capital Peshawar. It gained a district status in 1982, prior to which it was part of Kohat District.[2]:1 The total population counted in the 1998 census was 431,000.[2]:19 The major first language is Pashto spoken by 99.7% of the district's inhabitants.[2]:24

History

In some time in history, Teri served as a capital for the Khattaks. Till 1956, the district was part of the princely state of Teri and was ruled by Nawab of Teri. Teri State was divided into tappas (satrapies)- Teri, Seni-Khurram and Barak. In 1956 Teri State was merged with Kohat Tehsil. Thus between 1956 and 1982, present district of Karak was administratively part of Kohat. Karak was established as a separate district July 1, 1982.

Demographics

Population

The population of Karak by the 2017 census is 706,299[3]. Karak is known as the only district in the province which is completely populated by a single tribe, the Khattaks. The district is one of the few districts in KPK mostly shielded from terrorism despite being close to Waziristan.

Language

The predominant language of Karak is Pashto locally known as "khattaka" the dialect is the softer Southern Pashto as opposed to the harder Northern Pashto. Urdu and English are understood by majority however, they are spoken to a lesser degree. Mostly people here like to wear Shalwar Qamees, that is a traditional dress of almost every city in khyber Pashtunkhwa.

Resources

There are several natural resources that have been discovered in Karak. The salt mines were well known in antiquity and a major source of salt for the Indian subcontinent into British imperial times. More recently oil, gas, and uranium have all been discovered. Oil and gas reservoirs have been found in the towns of Makori, Noshpa Banda, Gurguri and Lachi circle.

Oil and gas reservoirs explored in Karak district are producing 7000 barrels of oil and 2500 cubic feet gas on a daily basis which is a record production from one oil well in the country[4]. The oil and gas reservoirs at Noshapa Banda in district Karak are generating millions of rupees revenue daily. District Karak is blessed with mineral resources and many national and international companies and OGDCL are busy in oil and gas exploration in different areas of the district. Vast reservoirs of oil and gas have been explored in Gurguri and Noshpa Banda areas of the district so far whereas exploration is under way in other areas.

According to a serve conducted by International Nuclear Information System, https://inis.iaea.org/search/search.aspx?orig_q=RN:44127845 where Fission Track Technique has been applied for the estimation of uranium in 30 drinking water sources of Tehsil Takht-e-Nasrati and District Karak, Pakistan. These samples have mean, minimum and maximum concentration of uranium of 13.45 +- 3.207, 1.07 +- 0.6, 84.23 +- 15.63 micro g l/sup -1/, respectively. The significant finding was the observation of very high level of uranium in drinking water sources obtained from uranium rich bedrocks than the safe limit of WHO (15 micro g l/sup -1/) for human consumption. On the basis of this study, it was concluded that the origin of uranium is potentially due to one of the Asia richest mineral deposit of uranium in Karak, Pakistan. The results could be of vital concern in diagnosis and prognosis of uranium induced disease in the local population under investigation.

Politics

The District is represented in the natnial assembly by one elected mna malik nasir khan khattak and provincial assembly two elected MPAs who represent the following constituencies:

  • PF-40 (Karak-1) Gul Sahib Khan Khattak and
  • PF-41 (Karak-2) Malik Qasim khattak .

Administrative divisions

The district of Karak is administratively subdivided into three tehsils[3].

Neighboring areas

See also

References

  1. ^ "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. 
  2. ^ a b c 1998 District Census report of Karak. Census publication. 97. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000. 
  3. ^ a b "Pakistan Bureau of Statistics Census 2017" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Retrieved 26 September 2017. 
  4. ^ "Vast reserves of oil, gas in Karak". DAWN.COM. 20 December 2009. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
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