Kara-Kirghiz Autonomous Oblast

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Kara-Kirghiz Autonomous Oblast
Кара-Киргизская автономная область
Autonomous oblast of the Russian SFSR

Capital Pishpek
Historical era Interwar period
 •  Established 14 October 1924
 •  renamed as Kirghiz AO 15 May 1925
 •  reorganized as Kirghiz ASSR 11 February 1926

The Kara-Kirghiz Autonomous Oblast (Russian: Кара-Киргизская автономная область; Kyrgyz: Кыргыз автономия облусу), abbreviated as Kara-Kirghiz AO (Russian: Кара-Киргизская АО; Kyrgyz: Кыргыз АО) or KAO (Russian: КАО; Kyrgyz: КАО) in the former region of Soviet Central Asia, was created on 14 October 1924 within the Russian SFSR from the predominantly Kyrgyz part of the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. On 15 May 1925 it was renamed into the Kirghiz Autonomous Oblast. On 11 February 1926 it was reorganized into the Kirghiz ASSR (not to be confused with the Kirghiz ASSR that was the first name of Kazak ASSR). On 5 December 1936 it became the Kirghiz SSR, one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union.

Kara-Kirghiz is a former name for the Kyrgyz that literally means "the black Kirghiz (= Kyrgyz)", in reference to the colour of tents the nomads used.[1]


  1. ^ The 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica: "Kirghiz" (scanned version)

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