Kara Darya

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Kara Darya
Карадарыя, Карадарья
Karadarya river.JPG
Karadarya river near Andijan city
Etymology Kara-Darya: Kyrgyz meaning "black river"
Native name Кара-Дарыя
Location
Country Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
Physical characteristics
Source Confluence of Tar River and Kara-Kulja River
 ⁃ location Kara-Kulja District, Osh Province, Kyrgyzstan
 ⁃ coordinates 40°38′55″N 73°25′22″E / 40.64867°N 73.42275°E / 40.64867; 73.42275
Mouth Syr Darya
 ⁃ coordinates
40°54′N 71°45′E / 40.9°N 71.75°E / 40.9; 71.75Coordinates: 40°54′N 71°45′E / 40.9°N 71.75°E / 40.9; 71.75
Length 177 km (110 mi)
Basin size 30,100 km2 (11,600 sq mi)
Discharge  
 ⁃ location Uchtepa
 ⁃ average 136 m3/s (4,800 cu ft/s)
 ⁃ minimum 68.4 m3/s (2,420 cu ft/s)
 ⁃ maximum 265 m3/s (9,400 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Tributaries  
 ⁃ left Kurshab River, Aravan Say River, Abshir Say River
 ⁃ right Jazy River, Kegart River, Kara-Unkur River

The Kara Darya (Kyrgyz: Кара-Дарыя, Qara-Darıya/Kara-Daryýa, قارا-دارىيا; Uzbek: Qoradaryo, Қорадарё, قارەدەريا - literally black river)[1] or Qaradaryo (Russian: Карадарья) is a tributary of the Syr Darya in Kyrgyzstan and eastern Uzbekistan. The river is formed by the confluence of Kara-Kulja River and Tar River. There are more than 200 known tributaries of Kara Darya; the largest are Jazy River, Kara Unkur River, Kegart River, Kurshab River, Abshir Sai River, and Aravan Sai River. Its length is 177 kilometres (110 mi), and watershed area 30,100 square kilometres (11,600 sq mi). The upper Kara Darya flows northwest across eastern Osh Province southwest of and parallel to the Fergana Range. It enters the Ferghana Valley and Uzbek territory a few miles west of Uzgen at Andijan Dam. The lower course is through the Fergana Valley, where it is used for irrigation. In the Fergana Valley its confluence with the Naryn River forms the Syr Darya, the second largest river of Central Asia. There are several dams on the river.

Notes

  1. ^ Darya means "river", so Kara Darya River is a tautology.

References

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