Kapilasa Wildlife Sanctuary

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kapilasa Wildlife Sanctuary
କପିଳାଷ ବନ୍ୟଜନ୍ତୁ ସଂରକ୍ଷଣାଳୟ
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Kapilasa Wildlife Sanctuary
Kapilasa Wildlife Sanctuary
Location of Kapilasa Wildlife Sanctuary in Odisha
Nearest city Dhenkanal
Coordinates 20°42′27″N 85°48′06″E / 20.7073695°N 85.8017064°E / 20.7073695; 85.8017064
Area 125.5 kilometres (78.0 mi)
Designated April 2, 2011 (2011-04-02)[1]
Governing body Ministry of Forest and Environment, Government of Odisha

Kapilasa Wildlife Sanctuary or Kapilash Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in Dhenkanal district of Odisha state in India . It is spread across 125.5 km2 (48 sq mi) in the Chota Nagpur Plateau region. It is classified as an Eastern Highlands moist deciduous forests ecoregion.

About

The wildlife sanctuary got designation on 2 April 2011.[2][3] It was declared Eco-Sensitive Zone (ESZ) by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change through draft gazette on 4 July 2014.[4] The extended ESZ area of sanctuary is now 393.87 square kilometres (152.07 sq mi). The ESZ zone impacts total 36 adjoining villages.[5]

Tourism

The Government of Odisha declared its interest in developing Kapilasa into a tourist hub in 2016 as part of its wider scheme of developing natural resources of the state.[6]

Ecotourism

Eco-cottages and boating facilities are the first to be introduced as part of the ecotourism drive.[6]

How to reach

The forest reserve can be reached from Cuttack district or Dhenkanal district via surface transport. It is easier to access the sanctuary from Dhenkanal town due to ease of railroad and road transport connectivity from this town.

Flora and fauna

Sal , is the dominant species of trees in this sanctuary.[5][7] Other notable flora include Amla, Asan, Bela, Bija, Dhaura, Gmabhari, Jamu, Kadamba, Kanchan, Kangara, Karanja, Kasi, Kendu, Kurum, Kusum, Mahul, Mango, Mundi, Phasi, Sidha, Simul and Teak.

Traces of Lamiaceae were found in the core area of sanctuary.[8]

Important fauna include Asian elephant, Bengal fox, Golden jackal, Gray langur, Indian crested porcupine, Indian giant squirrel,[9] Indian peafowl, Sambar deer, Striped hyena, Wild boar,[5][7] and various varieties of birds, lizards etc.

Biological Protection

The sanctuary has been a prime subject of multiple protests by wildlife protection groups due to heavy industrialization and government policies that are threatening the biodiversity and ecosystem.[10][11][12][13][14]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Sanctuaries in Odisha - A quick glance". odishawildlife.org. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  2. ^ Negi, S.S. (2002). Handbook of national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and biosphere reserves in India (3rd rev. ed.). New Delhi: Indus Pub. Co. p. 144. ISBN 8173871280. 
  3. ^ Negi, S.S. (1991). Handbook of national parks, sanctuaries and biosphere reserves in India (1. publ. ed.). New Delhi: Indus Publ. Co. p. 155. ISBN 8185182590. 
  4. ^ "Centre notifies Eco-sensitive Zone around Kapilash Wildlife Sanctuary". odishasuntimes.com. 11 Aug 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c "Draft Notification of the Kapilash Wildlife Sanctuary - Declaration as Eco-sensitive Zone in the State of Odisha". Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  6. ^ a b Ramanath V, Riyan (14 Jan 2016). "Kapilash sanctuary to be made tourist hub". The Times of India. 
  7. ^ a b Negi, S.S. (1993). Biodiversity and its conservation in India. New Delhi: Indus. p. 243. ISBN 8185182884. 
  8. ^ Misra, R. C.; Das, G. (19 April 2015). "Ocimum kilimandscharicum Guerke (Lamiaceae): A New Distributional Record for Peninsular India with Focus on its Economic Potential". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences. 86 (4): 795–803. doi:10.1007/s40011-015-0526-9. 
  9. ^ "Guardians Of Tomorrow – The Sanctuary Wildlife Awards 2015". Sanctuary Asia. XXXIV (6). 6 Dec 2014. 
  10. ^ Shukla, Avay (16 June 2015). "Can we trust Mr. Javadekar with our environment?". hillpost.in. 
  11. ^ Sinha, Neha (27 Feb 2016). "Our Eclipsed View of Conservation is Driving Human-Animal Conflicts". thewire.in. 
  12. ^ "Row over construction of thermal plant near wildlife sanctuary". The Hindu. 8 Dec 2011. 
  13. ^ Patnaik, Lalmohan (25 Aug 2012). "Factories in wildlife zones face scrutiny". The Telegraph (Calcutta). 
  14. ^ Dash, Jayajit (19 Mar 2014). "Odisha nudges MoEF for wildlife nod to KVK Nilachal's project". Business Standard. 
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kapilasa_Wildlife_Sanctuary&oldid=762356736"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapilasa_Wildlife_Sanctuary
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Kapilasa Wildlife Sanctuary"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA