Kangri dialect

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Kangri
Native to India
Region Himachal Pradesh, Punjab
Native speakers
1.7 million (1996)
Devanagari,
Takri (historic)
Official status
Official language in
No official status
Language codes
ISO 639-3 xnr
Glottolog kang1280[1]

Kangri is an Indo-Aryan dialect spoken in northern India, predominantly in the Kangra, Hamirpur, Bilaspur, Una districts and some parts of Mandi and Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh and in the Pathankot, Gurdaspur and Hoshiarpur districts in the Punjab state. It is associated with the people of the Kangra Valley. The total number of speakers has been estimated at 1.7 million (as of 1996),[2] while those who reported their language as Kangri in the 2001 census were 1.1 million.[3]

Its precise position within Indo-Aryan is subject to debate. Some scholars have classified as a dialect of the Dogri language spoken to the west (and hence a member of Greater Punjabi), while others have seen its affinity to be closer with the Pahari dialects spoken to the east: Mandeali, Chambeali and Kullui.[4] Its vocabulary has been influenced by Standard Punjabi (Majhi).[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kangri". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^ Simons, Gary F; Fennig, Charles D, eds. (2017). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (20th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. 
  3. ^ "Census of India: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues –2001". censusindia.gov.in.  The precise number is 1,122,843.
  4. ^ Eaton 2008, p. 2.

Bibliography

  • Eaton, Robert D. (2008). Kangri in context: An areal perspective (PhD). The University of Texas at Arlington. 

External links

  • Singh, Amitjit. "The Language Divide in Punjab." Sagar, Volume 4, Number 1, Spring 1997.
  • Goldsmith, Parvin. "Scripture in Kangri recordings (mp3s)" 2007.
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