Kangri dialect

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Kangri
कांगड़ी
Native to India
Region Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab
Native speakers
1,117,342 (2011 census)[1]
Devanagari, and formerly Takri
Language codes
ISO 639-3 xnr
Glottolog kang1280[2]

Kangri (Devanagari: कांगड़ी) is an Indo-Aryan dialect spoken in northern India, predominantly in the Kangra, Hamirpur, Bilaspur, Una districts and in major parts of Mandi, Chamba and Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh and in the Pathankot, Gurdaspur and Hoshiarpur districts in the Punjab state. It is associated with the people of the Kangra Valley. The total number of speakers has been estimated at 1.7 million (as of 1996),[3] while those who reported their language as Kangri in the 2001 census were 1.1 million.[4] It used to written in the Takri script.

"Kangri" in written in Takri script

Its precise position within Indo-Aryan is subject to debate. Some scholars have classified as a dialect of the Dogri language spoken to the west, while others have seen its affinity to be closer with the Pahari dialects spoken to the east: Mandeali, Chambeali and Kullui.

Kangri has two subdialects, Hamirpuri and Palampuri.[5]

References

  1. ^ "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". www.censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2018-07-07. 
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kangri". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Simons, Gary F; Fennig, Charles D, eds. (2017). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (20th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. 
  4. ^ "Census of India: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues –2001". censusindia.gov.in.  The precise number is 1,122,843.
  5. ^ Kangri dialect at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)

Bibliography

  • Eaton, Robert D. (2008). Kangri in context: An areal perspective (PhD). The University of Texas at Arlington. 

External links

  • Singh, Amitjit. "The Language Divide in Punjab." Sagar, Volume 4, Number 1, Spring 1997.
  • Goldsmith, Parvin. "Scripture in Kangri recordings (mp3s)" 2007.
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