Kangra district

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Kangra
Nagarkot , Trigart
District
Kangra.jpg
Located in the northwest part of the state
Location in Himachal Pradesh, India
Kangra is located in India
Kangra
Kangra
Location of the district headquarters in India
Coordinates: 32°13′0″N 76°19′0″E / 32.21667°N 76.31667°E / 32.21667; 76.31667Coordinates: 32°13′0″N 76°19′0″E / 32.21667°N 76.31667°E / 32.21667; 76.31667
Country India
State Himachal Pradesh
Tehsils
Headquarters Dharamshala
Government
 • Divisional Commissioner Ms Nandita Gupta, IAS
 • Superintendent of Police DILJEET THAKUR, IPS
Area
 • Total 5,739 km2 (2,216 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,510,075
 • Density 263/km2 (680/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 1761xx
Telephone 91 1894 xxxxxx
Largest city Dharamsala & Palampur
Gender ratio 1013 females/1000 males
Literacy rate 86.49%
Lok Sabha Constituency Kangra
Vidhan Sabha Constituencies
Climate ETh (Köppen)
Avg. summer temperature 32 °C (90 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 20 °C (68 °F)
Website hpkangra.nic.in

Kangra is the most populous[1] district of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, India. Dharamshala is the administrative headquarters of the district. It is the home of the Masrur Temples, also known as the Himalayan Pyramids.

History

Battle of Kangda led by Nepali commander Amar Singh Thapa

Kangra is known for having the oldest serving Royal Dynasty in the world Katoch.[citation needed] Kangra became a district of British India in 1846, when it was ceded to British India at the conclusion of the First Anglo-Sikh War. The British district included the present-day districts of Kangra, Hamirpur, Kullu, and Lahul and Spiti. Kangra District was part of the British province of Punjab. The administrative headquarters of the district were initially at Kangra, but were moved to Dharamshala in 1855.[2][3]

Demographics

Religions in Kangra District
Religion Percent
Hindus
96.76%
Muslims
01.31%

According to the 2011 census Kangra district has a population of 1,507,223,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Gabon[4] or the US state of Hawaii.[5] This gives it a ranking of 331st in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 263 inhabitants per square kilometre (680/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 12.56%.[1] Kangra has a sex ratio of 1013 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 86.49%.[1]

The native people are the Kangri people and the native language is Kangri, which is very similar to Dogri. The majority of the people are Hindu Brahmin, Rajput, Chaudhary, Banias and SC/OBC, although many Tibetans and others who follow Buddhism have also settled here recently. There are also minority populations of Sikhs, Muslims, and Christians.

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ Kangra District The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 380.
  3. ^ Dharamshala The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 11, p. 301.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Gabon
    1,576,665
     
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Hawaii
    1,360,301
     

Further reading

  • Hutchinson, J. & J. PH Vogel (1933). History of the Panjab Hill States, Vol. I. 1st edition: Govt. Printing, Pujab, Lahore, 1933. Reprint 2000. Department of Language and Culture, Himachal Pradesh. Chapter V Kangra State, pp. 99–198.

External links

  • Official website - Kangra District
  • Distt Profile
  • Kangra's History
  • Temples of Kangra
  • Kangra Map
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